Ezra 5:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then we asked those elders and spoke to them thus: ‘Who gave you a decree to build this house and to finish this structure?’

King James Bible
Then asked we those elders, and said unto them thus, Who commanded you to build this house, and to make up these walls?

American Standard Version
Then asked we those elders, and said unto them thus, Who gave you a decree to build this house, and to finish this wall?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And we asked those ancients, and said to them thus: Who hath given you authority to build this house, and to repair these walls?

English Revised Version
Then asked we those elders, and said unto them thus, Who gave you a decree to build this house, and to finish this wall?

Webster's Bible Translation
Then we asked those elders, and said to them thus, Who commanded you to build this house, and to erect these walls?

Ezra 5:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When the building was recommenced, the governor on this side Euphrates, and other royal officials, evidently informed of the undertaking by the adversaries of the Jews, made their appearance for the purpose of investigating matters on the spot. עליהון אתּה, came to them, to the two above-named rulers of the community at Jerusalem. Tatnai (lxx Θανθαναΐ́) was פּחה, viceroy, in the provinces west of Euphrates, i.e., as correctly expanded in 1 Esdras, of Syria and Phoenicia, to which Judaea with its Pecha Zerubbabel was subordinate. With him came Shethar-Boznai, perhaps his secretary, and their companions, their subordinates. The royal officials inquired: "Who has commanded you to build this house, and to finish this wall?" The form לבנא here and Ezra 5:13 is remarkable, the infinitive in Chaldee being not בנא, butמבנא; compare Ezra 5:2, Ezra 5:17, and Ezra 6:8. Norzi has both times לבּנא, as through the Dagesh forte were compensating for an omitted .מ אשּׁרנא which occurs only here and Ezra 5:9, is variously explained. The Vulgate, the Syriac, and also the Rabbins, translate: these walls. This meaning best answers to the context, and is also linguistically the most correct. It can hardly, however, be derived (Gesenius) from אשׁר, but rather from אשׁן, in Chaldee אשׁוּן, firm, strong-walls as the strength or firmness of the building. The form אשּׁרנא has arisen from אשׁנּא, and is analogous to the form בּשׁנה.

(Note: The interpretations of the lxx, τὴν χορηγίαν ταύτην, meaning these building materials, and of 1 Esdr. 6:4, τὴν στέγην ταύτην καὶ τὰ ἄλλα πάντα, this roof and all besides, for which Bertheau decides, without considering that שׁכלל may mean to complete, and not to prepare for anything, are but conjectures.)

Ezra 5:9 Parallel Commentaries

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Who commanded

Ezra 5:3,4 At the same time came to them Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai and their companions, and said thus to them...

Cross References
Ezra 4:12
be it known to the king that the Jews who came up from you to us have gone to Jerusalem. They are rebuilding that rebellious and wicked city. They are finishing the walls and repairing the foundations.

Ezra 5:3
At the same time Tattenai the governor of the province Beyond the River and Shethar-bozenai and their associates came to them and spoke to them thus: "Who gave you a decree to build this house and to finish this structure?"

Ezra 5:8
Be it known to the king that we went to the province of Judah, to the house of the great God. It is being built with huge stones, and timber is laid in the walls. This work goes on diligently and prospers in their hands.

Ezra 5:10
We also asked them their names, for your information, that we might write down the names of their leaders.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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