Ezekiel 20:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness. They did not walk in my statutes but rejected my rules, by which, if a person does them, he shall live; and my Sabbaths they greatly profaned. “Then I said I would pour out my wrath upon them in the wilderness, to make a full end of them.

King James Bible
But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they despised my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them; and my sabbaths they greatly polluted: then I said, I would pour out my fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume them.

American Standard Version
But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they rejected mine ordinances, which if a man keep, he shall live in them; and my sabbaths they greatly profaned. Then I said I would pour out my wrath upon them in the wilderness, to consume them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the house of Israel provoked me in the desert: they walked not in my statutes, and they cast away my judgments, which if a man do he shall live in them: and they grievously violated my sabbaths. I said therefore that I would pour out my indignation upon them in the desert, and would consume them.

English Revised Version
But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they rejected my judgments, which if a man do, he shall live in them; and my sabbaths they greatly profaned: then I said I would pour out my fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume them.

Webster's Bible Translation
But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they despised my judgments, which if a man doeth, he shall even live in them; and my sabbaths they greatly profaned: then I said, I would pour out my fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume them.

Ezekiel 20:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Destruction of the Kingdom, and Banishment of the People

Ezekiel 19:10. Thy mother was like a vine, planted by the water in thy repose; it became a fruitful and rich in tendrils from many waters. Ezekiel 19:11. And it had strong shoots for rulers' sceptres; and its growth ascended among the clouds, and was visible in its height in the multitude of its branches. Ezekiel 19:12. Then it was torn up in fury, cast to the ground, and the east wind dried up its fruit; its strong shoots were broken off, and withered; fire devoured them. Ezekiel 19:13. And now it is planted in the desert, in a dry and thirsty land. Ezekiel 19:14. There goeth out fire from the shoot of its branches, devoureth its fruit, so that there is no more a strong shoot upon it, a sceptre for ruling. - A lamentation it is, and it will be for lamentation. - From the lamentable fate of the princes transported to Egypt and Babylon, the ode passes to a description of the fate, which the lion-like rapacity of the princes is preparing for the kingdom and people. Israel resembled a vine planted by the water. The difficult word בּדמך we agree with Hvernick and Kliefoth in tracing to the verb דּמה, to rest (Jeremiah 14:17), and regard it as synonymous with בּדמי in Isaiah 38:10 : "in thy repose," i.e., in the time of peaceful, undisturbed prosperity. For neither of the other renderings, "in thy blood" and "in thy likeness," yields a suitable meaning. The latter explanation, which originated with Raschi and Kimchi, is precluded by the fact that Ezekiel always uses the word דּמוּת to express the idea of resemblance. - For the figure of the vine, compare Psalm 80:9. This vine sent out strong shoots for rulers' sceptres; that is to say, it brought forth powerful kings, and grew up to a great height, even into the clouds. עבתים signifies "cloud," lit., thicket of clouds, not only here, but in Ezekiel 31:3, Ezekiel 31:10,Ezekiel 31:14. The rendering "branches" or "thicket of foliage" is not suitable in any of these passages. The form of the word is not to be taken as that of a new plural of עבות, the plural of עב, which occurs in 2 Samuel 23:4 and Psalm 77:18; but is the plural of עבות, an interlacing or thicket of foliage, and is simply transferred to the interlacing or piling up of the clouds. The clause 'ויּרא וגו, and it appeared, was seen, or became visible, simply serves to depict still further the glorious and vigorous growth, and needs no such alteration as Hitzig proposes. This picture is followed in Ezekiel 19:12., without any particle of transition, by a description of the destruction of this vine. It was torn up in fury by the wrath of God, cast down to the ground, so that its fruit withered (compare the similar figures in Ezekiel 17:10). מטּה עזּהּ is used collectively, as equivalent to מטּות עז (Ezekiel 19:11); and the suffix in אכלתהוּ is written in the singular on account of this collective use of מטּה. The uprooting ends in the transplanting of the vine into a waste, dry, unwatered land, - in other words, in the transplanting of the people, Israel, into exile. The dry land is Babylon, so described as being a barren soil in which the kingdom of God could not flourish. According to Ezekiel 19:14, this catastrophe is occasioned by the princes. The fire, which devours the fruit of the vine so that it cannot send out any more branches, emanates ממּטּה בדּיה, from the shoot of its branches, i.e., from its branches, which are so prolific in shoots. מטּה is the shoot which grew into rulers' sceptres, i.e., the royal family of the nation. The reference is to Zedekiah, whose treacherous breach of covenant (Ezekiel 17:15) led to the overthrow of the kingdom and of the earthly monarchy. The picture from Ezekiel 19:12 onwards is prophetic. The tearing up of the vine, and its transplantation into a dry land, had already commenced with the carrying away of Jeconiah; but it was not completed till the destruction of Jerusalem and the carrying away of Zedekiah, which were still in the future at the time when these words were uttered. - The clause 'קינה היא does not contain a concluding historical notice, as Hהvernick supposes, but simply the finale of the lamentation, indicating the credibility of the prediction which it contains. ותּהי is prophetic, like the perfects from ותּתּשׁ in Ezekiel 19:12 onwards; and the meaning is this: A lamentation forms the substance of the whole chapter; and it will lead to lamentation, when it is fulfilled.

Ezekiel 20:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

rebelled

Ezekiel 20:8 But they rebelled against me, and would not listen to me: they did not every man cast away the abominations of their eyes...

Exodus 16:28 And the LORD said to Moses, How long refuse you to keep my commandments and my laws?

Exodus 32:8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it...

Numbers 14:22 Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness...

Deuteronomy 9:12-24 And the LORD said to me, Arise, get you down quickly from hence...

Deuteronomy 31:27 For I know your rebellion, and your stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day...

1 Samuel 8:8 According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even to this day...

Nehemiah 9:16-18 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and listened not to your commandments...

Psalm 78:40,41 How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert!...

Psalm 95:8-11 Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness...

Psalm 106:13-33 They soon forgot his works; they waited not for his counsel...

Isaiah 63:10 But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

and they

Ezekiel 20:16,24 Because they despised my judgments, and walked not in my statutes, but polluted my sabbaths: for their heart went after their idols...

Leviticus 26:15,43 And if you shall despise my statutes, or if your soul abhor my judgments, so that you will not do all my commandments...

2 Samuel 12:9 Why have you despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? you have killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword...

Proverbs 1:25 But you have set at nothing all my counsel, and would none of my reproof:

Proverbs 13:13 Whoever despises the word shall be destroyed: but he that fears the commandment shall be rewarded.

Amos 2:4 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof...

1 Thessalonians 4:8 He therefore that despises, despises not man, but God, who has also given to us his holy Spirit.

Hebrews 10:28,29 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses...

which

Ezekiel 20:11 And I gave them my statutes, and showed them my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them.

and my

Ezekiel 20:8,21 But they rebelled against me, and would not listen to me: they did not every man cast away the abominations of their eyes...

Exodus 16:27,28 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none...

Numbers 15:31-36 Because he has despised the word of the LORD, and has broken his commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off...

Isaiah 56:6 Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants...

I said

Ezekiel 20:8,21 But they rebelled against me, and would not listen to me: they did not every man cast away the abominations of their eyes...

Exodus 32:10 Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of you a great nation.

Numbers 14:11,12,29 And the LORD said to Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me...

Numbers 16:20,21,45 And the LORD spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying...

Numbers 26:25 These are the families of Issachar according to those that were numbered of them, three score and four thousand and three hundred.

Deuteronomy 9:8 Also in Horeb you provoked the LORD to wrath, so that the LORD was angry with you to have destroyed you.

Psalm 106:23 Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath...

Cross References
Romans 10:5
For Moses writes about the righteousness that is based on the law, that the person who does the commandments shall live by them.

Exodus 32:10
Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may burn hot against them and I may consume them, in order that I may make a great nation of you."

Leviticus 18:5
You shall therefore keep my statutes and my rules; if a person does them, he shall live by them: I am the LORD.

Numbers 14:11
And the LORD said to Moses, "How long will this people despise me? And how long will they not believe in me, in spite of all the signs that I have done among them?

Numbers 14:12
I will strike them with the pestilence and disinherit them, and I will make of you a nation greater and mightier than they."

Deuteronomy 9:8
Even at Horeb you provoked the LORD to wrath, and the LORD was so angry with you that he was ready to destroy you.

2 Chronicles 30:7
Do not be like your fathers and your brothers, who were faithless to the LORD God of their fathers, so that he made them a desolation, as you see.

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