Ezekiel 1:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
As for the likeness of their faces, each had a human face. The four had the face of a lion on the right side, the four had the face of an ox on the left side, and the four had the face of an eagle.

King James Bible
As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.

American Standard Version
As for the likeness of their faces, they had the face of a man; and they four had the face of a lion on the right side; and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four had also the face of an eagle.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And as for the likeness of their faces: there was the face of a man, and the face of a lion on the right side of all the four: and the face of an ox, on the left side of all the four: and the face of an eagle over all the four.

English Revised Version
As for the likeness of their faces, they had the face of a man; and they four had the face of a lion on the right side; and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four had also the face of an eagle.

Webster's Bible Translation
As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.

Ezekiel 1:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Description of the theophany seen by the spirit of the prophet. - Ezekiel 1:4. And I saw, and, lo, a tempestuous wind came from the north, a great cloud, and a fire rolled together like a ball, and the brightness of light round about it, and out of its midst, as the appearance of glowing metal from the midst of the fire. - The description begins with a general outline of the phenomenon, as the same presented itself to the spiritual eye of the prophet on its approach from the north. A tempestuous wind brings hither from the north a great cloud, the centre of which appears as a lump of fire, which throws around the cloud the brightness of light, and presents in its midst the appearance of glowing metal. The coming of the phenomenon from the north is, as a matter of course, not connected with the Babylonian representation of the mountain of the gods situated in the extreme north, Isaiah 14:13. According to the invariable usage of speech followed by the prophets, especially by Jeremiah (cf. e.g., Ezekiel 1:14; Ezekiel 4:6; Ezekiel 6:1, etc.), the north is the quarter from which the enemies who were to execute judgment upon Jerusalem and Judah break in. According to this usage, the coming of this divine appearance from the north signifies that it is from the north that God will bring to pass the judgment upon Judah. אשׁ מתלקּחת, "fire rolled together like a ball," is an expression borrowed from Exodus 9:10. לו refers to ענן, and מתּוכהּ to אשׁ, as we see from the words in apposition, מתּוך האשׁ. The fire, which formed the centre of the cloud, had the appearance of השׁמל. The meaning of this word, which occurs again in Ezekiel 1:27 and Ezekiel 8:2, is disputed. The Septuagint and Vulgate translate it by ἤλεκτρον, electrum, i.e., a metal having a bright lustre, and consisting of a mixture of gold and silver. Cf. Strabo, III. 146; Plin. Hist. Nat. xxxiii. 4. To the explanation of Bochart, that it is a compound of נחשׁת, "brass," and the Talmudic word מלל or מללא, "aurum rude," and signifies "rough gold ore," is opposed the fact that the reading מללא in the Talmud is not certain, but purports to be ממלא (cf. Gesen. Thesaur. p. 535, and Buxtorf, Lexic. Talmud, p. 1214), as well as the circumstance that raw gold ore has not a lustre which could shine forth out of the fire. Still less probability has the supposition that it is a compound of l#x, in Syriac "conflavit, fabricavit," and חשׁם, "fricuit," on which Hvernick and Maurer base the meaning of "a piece of metal wrought in the fire." The word appears simply to be formed from חשׁם , probably "to glow," with ל appended, as כּרמל from כרם morf , and to denote "glowing ore." This meaning is appropriate both in v. 27, where עין השׁמל is explained by מראה־אשׁ, as well as in Ezekiel 8:2, where זהר, "brilliancy," stands as parallel to it. השׁמל, however, is different from נחשׁת קלל in Ezekiel 1:7 and in Daniel 10:6, for חשׁמל refers in all the three places to the person of Him who is enthroned above the cherubim; while נחשׁת קלל in Ezekiel 1:7 is spoken of the feet of the cherubim, and in Daniel 10:6 of the arms and feet of the personage who there manifests Himself. In verse fifth the appearance is described more minutely. There first present themselves to the eye of the seer four beings, whom he describes according to their figure and style.

Ezekiel 1:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for the

Ezekiel 10:14 And every one had four faces: the first face was the face of a cherub, and the second face was the face of a man...

Revelation 4:7 And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man...

the face of a man

Numbers 2:10 On the south side shall be the standard of the camp of Reuben according to their armies...

Isaiah 46:8 Remember this, and show yourselves men: bring it again to mind, O you transgressors.

Luke 15:10 Likewise, I say to you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repents.

1 Corinthians 14:20 Brothers, be not children in understanding: however, in malice be you children, but in understanding be men.

the face of a lion

Numbers 2:3 And on the east side toward the rising of the sun shall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch throughout their armies...

Judges 14:18 And the men of the city said to him on the seventh day before the sun went down, What is sweeter than honey?...

1 Chronicles 12:8 And of the Gadites there separated themselves to David into the hold to the wilderness men of might, and men of war fit for the battle...

Revelation 5:5 And one of the elders said to me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the book...

the face of an ox

Ezekiel 10:14 And every one had four faces: the first face was the face of a cherub, and the second face was the face of a man...

Cherub

Numbers 2:18 On the west side shall be the standard of the camp of Ephraim according to their armies...

Proverbs 14:4 Where no oxen are, the crib is clean: but much increase is by the strength of the ox.

1 Corinthians 9:9,10 For it is written in the law of Moses, You shall not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treads out the corn. Does God take care for oxen...

the face of an eagle

Numbers 2:25 The standard of the camp of Dan shall be on the north side by their armies...

Deuteronomy 28:49 The LORD shall bring a nation against you from far, from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flies...

Job 39:27 Does the eagle mount up at your command, and make her nest on high?

Isaiah 40:31 But they that wait on the LORD shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary...

Daniel 7:4 The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth...

Cross References
Revelation 4:7
the first living creature like a lion, the second living creature like an ox, the third living creature with the face of a man, and the fourth living creature like an eagle in flight.

Ezekiel 1:6
but each had four faces, and each of them had four wings.

Ezekiel 10:14
And every one had four faces: the first face was the face of the cherub, and the second face was a human face, and the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle.

Ezekiel 41:19
a human face toward the palm tree on the one side, and the face of a young lion toward the palm tree on the other side. They were carved on the whole temple all around.

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