Ecclesiastes 1:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Vanity of vanities, says the Preacher, vanity of vanities! All is vanity.

King James Bible
Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is vanity.

American Standard Version
Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher; vanity of vanities, all is vanity.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Vanity of vanities, said Ecclesiastes vanity of vanities, and all is vanity.

English Revised Version
Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher; vanity of vanities, all is vanity.

Webster's Bible Translation
Vanity of vanities, saith the preacher, vanity of vanities; all is vanity.

Ecclesiastes 1:2 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

27 צ She looketh well to the ways of her house,

        And eateth not the bread of idleness.

Although there exists an inner relation between 27a and Proverbs 31:26, yet 27a is scarcely to be thought of (Hitzig) as appos. to the suffix in לשׁונהּ. Participles with or without determination occur in descriptions frequently as predicates of the subject standing in the discourse of the same force as abstr. present declarations, e.g., Isaiah 40:22., Psalm 104:13. צופיּה is connected with the accus. of the object of the intended warning, like Proverbs 15:3, and is compared according to the form with המיּה, Proverbs 7:11. הליבה signifies elsewhere things necessary for a journey, Job 6:19, and in the plur. magnificus it denotes show (pompa), Habakkuk 3:6 : but originally the walk, conduct, Nahum 2:6; and here in the plur. walks equals comings and goings, but not these separately, but in general, the modi procedendi (lxx διατριβαι). The Chethı̂b has הילכות, probably an error in writing, but possibly also the plur. of הלכה, thus found in the post-bibl. Heb. (after the form צדקות), custom, viz., appointed traditional law, but also like the Aram. הלכא (emph. הלכתא), usage, manner, common practice. Hitzig estimates this Chethı̂b, understood Talmudically, as removing the section into a late period; but this Talmudical signification is not at all appropriate (Hitzig translates, with an incorrect rendering of צופיה, "for she sees after the ordering of the house"), and besides the Aram. הלכא, e.g., Targ. Proverbs 16:9, in the first line, signifies only the walk or the manner and way of going, and this gives with the Kerı̂ essentially the same signification. Luther well: Sie schawet wie es in jrem Hause zugeht [ equals she looks how it goes in her house]. Her eyes are turned everywhere; she is at one time here, at another there, to look after all with her own eyes; she does not suffer the day's work, according to the instructions given, to be left undone, while she folds her own hands on her bosom; but she works, keeping an oversight on all sides, and does not eat the bread of idleness (עצלוּת equals עצלה, Proverbs 19:15), but bread well deserved, for εἴ τις οὐ θέλει ἐργάζεσθαι, μηδὲ ἐσθιέτω, 2 Thessalonians 3:10.

Ecclesiastes 1:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ecclesiastes 2:11,15,17,19,21,23,26 Then I looked on all the works that my hands had worked, and on the labor that I had labored to do: and, behold...

Ecclesiastes 3:19 For that which befalls the sons of men befalls beasts; even one thing befalls them: as the one dies, so dies the other; yes...

Ecclesiastes 4:4,8,16 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor...

Ecclesiastes 5:10 He that loves silver shall not be satisfied with silver; nor he that loves abundance with increase: this is also vanity.

Ecclesiastes 6:11 Seeing there be many things that increase vanity, what is man the better?


Ecclesiastes 11:8,10 But if a man live many years, and rejoice in them all; yet let him remember the days of darkness; for they shall be many...

Ecclesiastes 12:8 Vanity of vanities, said the preacher; all is vanity.

Psalm 39:5,6 Behold, you have made my days as an handbreadth; and my age is as nothing before you...

Psalm 62:9,10 Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie: to be laid in the balance...

Psalm 144:4 Man is like to vanity: his days are as a shadow that passes away.

Romans 8:20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who has subjected the same in hope,

Cross References
Romans 8:20
For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope

Job 11:12
But a stupid man will get understanding when a wild donkey's colt is born a man!

Psalm 39:5
Behold, you have made my days a few handbreadths, and my lifetime is as nothing before you. Surely all mankind stands as a mere breath! Selah

Psalm 39:6
Surely a man goes about as a shadow! Surely for nothing they are in turmoil; man heaps up wealth and does not know who will gather!

Psalm 62:9
Those of low estate are but a breath; those of high estate are a delusion; in the balances they go up; they are together lighter than a breath.

Psalm 89:47
Remember how short my time is! For what vanity you have created all the children of man!

Psalm 144:4
Man is like a breath; his days are like a passing shadow.

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