Deuteronomy 21:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So you shall purge the guilt of innocent blood from your midst, when you do what is right in the sight of the LORD.

King James Bible
So shalt thou put away the guilt of innocent blood from among you, when thou shalt do that which is right in the sight of the LORD.

American Standard Version
So shalt thou put away the innocent blood from the midst of thee, when thou shalt do that which is right in the eyes of Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou shalt be free from the innocent's blood, that was shed, when thou shalt have done what the Lord hath commanded thee.

English Revised Version
So shalt thou put away the innocent blood from the midst of thee, when thou shalt do that which is right in the eyes of the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
So shalt thou remove the guilt of innocent blood from among you, when thou shalt do that which is right in the sight of the LORD.

Deuteronomy 21:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

This nearest town was then required to expiate the blood-guiltiness, not only because the suspicion of the crime or of participation in the crime fell soonest upon it, but because the guilt connected with the shedding of innocent blood rested as a burden upon it before all others. To this end the elders were to take a heifer (young cow), with which no work had ever been done, and which had not yet drawn in the yoke, i.e., whose vital force had not been diminished by labour (see at Numbers 19:2), and bring it down into a brook-valley with water constantly flowing, and there break its neck. The expression, "it shall be that the city," is more fully defined by "the elders of the city shall take." The elders were to perform the act of expiation in the name of the city. As the murderer was not to be found, an animal was to be put to death in his stead, and suffer the punishment of the murderer. The slaying of the animal was not an expiatory sacrifice, and consequently there was no slaughtering and sprinkling of the blood; but, as the mode of death, viz., breaking the neck (vid., Exodus 13:13), clearly shows, it was a symbolical infliction of the punishment that should have been borne by the murderer, upon the animal which was substituted for him. To be able to take the guilt upon itself and bear it, the animal was to be in the full and undiminished possession of its vital powers. The slaying was to take place in a איתן נחל, a valley with water constantly flowing through it, which was not worked (cultivated) and sown. This regulation as to the locality in which the act of expiation was to be performed was probably founded upon the idea, that the water of the brook-valley would suck in the blood and clean it away, and that the blood sucked in by the earth would not be brought to light again by the ploughing and working of the soil.

Deuteronomy 21:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

shalt thou

Deuteronomy 19:12,13 Then the elders of his city shall send and fetch him there, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die...

when thou shalt

Deuteronomy 13:18 When you shall listen to the voice of the LORD your God, to keep all his commandments which I command you this day...

2 Kings 10:20,31 And Jehu said, Proclaim a solemn assembly for Baal. And they proclaimed it...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 19:13
Your eye shall not pity him, but you shall purge the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, so that it may be well with you.

1 Kings 2:31
The king replied to him, "Do as he has said, strike him down and bury him, and thus take away from me and from my father's house the guilt for the blood that Joab shed without cause.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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