Daniel 5:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And you his son, Belshazzar, have not humbled your heart, though you knew all this,

King James Bible
And thou his son, O Belshazzar, hast not humbled thine heart, though thou knewest all this;

American Standard Version
And thou his son, O Belshazzar, hast not humbled thy heart, though thou knewest all this,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou also his son, O Baltasar, hast not humbled thy heart, whereas thou knewest all these things:

English Revised Version
And thou his son, O Belshazzar, hast not humbled thine heart, though thou knewest all this;

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou his son, O Belshazzar, hast not humbled thy heart, though thou knewest all this;

Daniel 5:22 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When Daniel knew from the answer of the chief that he would grant the request if he were only free from personal responsibility in the matter, he turned himself to the officer who was under the chief chamberlain, whom they were immediately subject to, and entreated him to make trial for ten days, permitting them to use vegetables and water instead of the costly provision and the wine furnished by the king, and to deal further with them according as the result would be. המּלצר, having the article, is to be regarded as an appellative, expressing the business of the calling of the man. The translation, steward or chief cook, is founded on the explanation of the word as given by Haug (Ewald's bibl. Jahrbb. v. p. 159f.) from the New Persian word mel, spirituous liquors, wine, corresponding to the Zendh. madhu (μεθυ), intoxicating drink, and equals צרחara, Sanscr. חiras, the head; hence overseer over the drink, synonymous with רבשׁקה, Isaiah 36:2. - נס נא, try, I beseech thee, thy servants, i.e., try it with us, ten days. Ten, in the decimal system the number of completeness or conclusion, may, according to circumstances, mean a long time or only a proportionally short time. Here it is used in the latter sense, because ten days are sufficient to show the effect of the kind of food on the appearance. זרעים, food from the vegetable kingdom, vegetables, leguminous fruit. Daniel 1:13. מראינוּ is singular, and is used with יראוּ in the plural because two subjects follow. כּאשׁר תּראה, as thou shalt see, viz., our appearance, i.e., as thou shalt then find it, act accordingly. In this proposal Daniel trusted in the help of God, and God did not put his confidence to shame.

(Note: The request is perfectly intelligible from the nature of living faith, without our having recourse to Calvin's supposition, that Daniel had received by secret revelation the assurance that such would be the result if he and his companions were permitted to live on vegetables. The confidence of living faith which hopes in the presence and help of God is fundamentally different from the eager expectation of miraculous interference of a Maccabean Jew, which C. v. Lengerke and other deists and atheists wish to find here in Daniel.)

The youths throve so visibly on the vegetables and water, that the steward relieved them wholly from the necessity of eating from the royal table. Daniel 1:15. בּשׂר בּריאי, fat, well nourished in flesh, is grammatically united to the suffix of מראיהם, from which the pronoun is easily supplied in thought. Daniel 1:16. נשׂא, took away equals no more gave.

Daniel 5:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thou.

Daniel 5:18 O you king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honor:

Psalm 119:46 I will speak of your testimonies also before kings, and will not be ashamed.

Matthew 14:4 For John said to him, It is not lawful for you to have her.

Acts 4:8-13 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said to them, You rulers of the people, and elders of Israel...

his son. He was, strictly speaking, his grandson; but the term son is frequently used to denote filiation at any distance.

hast.

Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said the LORD God of the Hebrews...

2 Chronicles 33:23 And humbled not himself before the LORD, as Manasseh his father had humbled himself; but Amon trespassed more and more.

2 Chronicles 36:12 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God...

Isaiah 26:10 Let favor be showed to the wicked, yet will he not learn righteousness: in the land of uprightness will he deal unjustly...

Matthew 21:32 For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and you...

Acts 5:29-33 Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men...

1 Peter 5:5,6 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility...

though.

Luke 12:47 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will...

John 13:17 If you know these things, happy are you if you do them.

James 4:6,17 But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble...

Cross References
Exodus 10:3
So Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh and said to him, "Thus says the LORD, the God of the Hebrews, 'How long will you refuse to humble yourself before me? Let my people go, that they may serve me.

2 Chronicles 33:23
And he did not humble himself before the LORD, as Manasseh his father had humbled himself, but this Amon incurred guilt more and more.

2 Chronicles 36:12
He did what was evil in the sight of the LORD his God. He did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet, who spoke from the mouth of the LORD.

Isaiah 13:11
I will punish the world for its evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; I will put an end to the pomp of the arrogant, and lay low the pompous pride of the ruthless.

Isaiah 14:13
You said in your heart, 'I will ascend to heaven; above the stars of God I will set my throne on high; I will sit on the mount of assembly in the far reaches of the north;

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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