Colossians 1:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell,

King James Bible
For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell;

American Standard Version
For it was the good pleasure of the Father that in him should all the fulness dwell;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because in him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell;

English Revised Version
For it was the good pleasure of the Father that in him should all the fulness dwell;

Webster's Bible Translation
For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell;

Weymouth New Testament
For it was the Father's gracious will that the whole of the divine perfections should dwell in Him.

Colossians 1:19 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

It pleased the Father that in Him should all fullness dwell (ἐν αὐτῷ εὐδόκησεν πᾶν τὸ πλήρωμα κατοικῆσαι)

Εὐδοκέω to think it good, to be well pleased is used in the New Testament, both of divine and of human good-pleasure; but, in the former case, always of God the Father. So Matthew 3:17; Luke 12:32; 1 Corinthians 1:21. The subject of was well pleased, God, is omitted as in James 1:12, and must be supplied; so that, literally, the passage would read, God was well pleased that in Him, etc. Rev., it was the good pleasure of the Father. Fullness, Rev, correctly, the fullness. See on Romans 11:12; see on John 1:16. The word must be taken in its passive sense - that with which a thing is filled, not that which fills. The fullness denotes the sum-total of the divine powers and attributes. In Christ dwelt all the fullness of God as deity. The relation of essential deity to creation and redemption alike, is exhibited by John in the very beginning of his gospel, with which this passage should be compared. In John the order is: 1. The essential nature of Christ; 2. Creation; 3. Redemption. Here it is: 1. Redemption (Colossians 1:13); 2. Essential being of the Son (Colossians 1:15); 3. The Son as Creator (Colossians 1:16); 4. The Church, with Christ as its head (Colossians 1:18). Compare 2 Corinthians 5:19; Ephesians 1:19, Ephesians 1:20, Ephesians 1:23. Paul does not add of the Godhead to the fullness, as in Colossians 2:9 since the word occurs in direct connection with those which describe Christ's essential nature, and it would seem not to have occurred to the apostle that it could be understood in any other sense than as an expression of the plenitude of the divine attributes and powers.

Thus the phrase in Him should all the fullness dwell gathers into a grand climax the previous statements - image of God, first-born of all creation, Creator, the eternally preexistent, the Head of the Church, the victor over death, first in all things. On this summit we pause, looking, like John, from Christ in His fullness of deity to the exhibition of that divine fullness in redemption consummated in heaven (Colossians 1:20-22).

There must also be taken into the account the selection of this word fullness with reference to the false teaching in the Colossian church, the errors which afterward were developed more distinctly in the Gnostic schools. Pleroma fullness was used by the Gnostic teachers in a technical sense, to express the sum-total of the divine powers and attributes. "From the pleroma they supposed that all those agencies issued through which God has at any time exerted His power in creation, or manifested His will through revelation. These mediatorial beings would retain more or less of its influence, according as they claimed direct parentage from it, or traced their descent through successive evolutions. But in all cases this pleroma was distributed, diluted, transformed, and darkened by foreign admixture. They were only partial and blurred images, often deceptive caricatures, of their original, broken lights of the great Central Light" (Lightfoot). Christ may have been ranked with these inferior images of the divine by the Colossian teachers. Hence the significance of the assertion that the totality of the divine dwells in Him.

Dwell (κατοικῆσαι)

Permanently. See on Luke 11:26. Compare the Septuagint usage of κατοικεῖν permanent dwelling, and παροικεῖν transient sojourning. Thus Genesis 37:1, "Jacob dwelt (permanently, κατῴκει) in the land where his father sojourned (παρῷκησεν A.V., was a stranger). Perhaps in contrast with the partial and transient connection of the pleroma with Christ asserted by the false teachers. The word is used of the indwelling of the Father, Ephesians 2:22 (κατοικητήριον τοῦ Θεοῦ habitation of God); of the Son, Ephesians 3:17; and of the Spirit, James 4:5.

Colossians 1:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Colossians 2:3,9 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge...

Colossians 3:11 Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all...

Matthew 11:25-27 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank you, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth...

Luke 10:21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank you, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth...

John 1:16 And of his fullness have all we received, and grace for grace.

John 3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives not the Spirit by measure to him.

Ephesians 1:3,23 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ...

Ephesians 4:10 He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)

Cross References
John 1:16
For from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace.

1 Corinthians 1:21
For since, in the wisdom of God, the world did not know God through wisdom, it pleased God through the folly of what we preach to save those who believe.

Ephesians 1:5
he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,

Colossians 2:9
For in him the whole fullness of deity dwells bodily,

Jump to Previous
Divine Dwell Father's Full Fullness Fulness Godhead Good Gracious Him Measure Perfections Please Pleased Pleasure Tabernacle Whole
Jump to Next
Divine Dwell Father's Full Fullness Fulness Godhead Good Gracious Him Measure Perfections Please Pleased Pleasure Tabernacle Whole
Links
Colossians 1:19 NIV
Colossians 1:19 NLT
Colossians 1:19 ESV
Colossians 1:19 NASB
Colossians 1:19 KJV

Colossians 1:19 Bible Apps
Colossians 1:19 Biblia Paralela
Colossians 1:19 Chinese Bible
Colossians 1:19 French Bible
Colossians 1:19 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Colossians 1:18
Top of Page
Top of Page