Acts 7:41
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And they made a calf in those days, and offered a sacrifice to the idol and were rejoicing in the works of their hands.

King James Bible
And they made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice unto the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their own hands.

American Standard Version
And they made a calf in those days, and brought a sacrifice unto the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their hands.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifices to the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their own hands.

English Revised Version
And they made a calf in those days, and brought a sacrifice unto the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their hands.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice to the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their own hands.

Weymouth New Testament
"Moreover they made a calf at that time, and offered a sacrifice to the idol and kept rejoicing in the gods which their own hands had made.

Acts 7:41 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

They made a calf (ἐμοσχοποίησαν)

Only here in New Testament, and not in Septuagint. Bengel says, "A very notorious crime is denoted by an extraordinary and newly-coined word." This was in imitation of the Egyptian bull-worship. Several of these animals were worshipped at different places in Egypt. Apis was worshipped at Memphis. Herodotus says: "Now this Apis, or Epaphus, is the calf of a cow which is never afterward able to bear young. The Egyptians say that fire comes down from heaven upon the cow, which thereupon conceives Apis. The calf which is so called has the following marks: He is black, with a square spot of white upon his forehead, and on his back the figure of an eagle. The hairs in his tail are double, and there is a beetle upon his tongue" (iii., 28). He was regarded by the Egyptians, not merely as an emblem, but as a god. He was lodged in a magnificent court, ornamented with figures twelve cubits high, which he never quitted except on fixed days, when he was led in procession through the streets. His festival lasted seven days, and all came forward from their houses to welcome him as he passed. He was not allowed to reach the natural term of his life. If a natural death did not remove him earlier, he was drowned when he reached the age of twenty-five, and was then embalmed and entombed in one of the sepulchral chambers of the Serapeum, a temple devoted expressly to the burial of these animals.

Another sacred bull was maintained at Heliopolis, in the great Temple of the Sun, under the name of Mnevis, and was honored with a reverence next to Apis. Wilkinson thinks that it was from this, and not from Apis, that the Israelites borrowed their notions of the golden calf. "The offerings, dancing, and rejoicings practised on the occasion, were doubtless in imitation of a ceremony they had witnessed in honor of Mnevis during their sojourn in Egypt" ("Ancient Egyptians," 2 sen, vol. ii., p. 197). A third sacred bull, called Bacis, was maintained at Hermonthis, near Thebes. It was a huge, black animal, and its hairs were said to grow the wrong way. Other bulls and cows did not hold the rank of gods, but were only sacred.

Offered (ἀνήγαγον)

Lit., led up. See on James 2:21.

Acts 7:41 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they.

Exodus 32:2-8,17-20 And Aaron said to them, Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters...

Deuteronomy 9:12-18 And the LORD said to me, Arise, get you down quickly from hence...

Nehemiah 9:18 Yes, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This is your God that brought you up out of Egypt...

Psalm 106:19-21 They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image...

rejoiced.

Isaiah 2:8,9 Their land also is full of idols; they worship the work of their own hands, that which their own fingers have made...

Isaiah 44:9-20 They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses...

Hosea 9:1,10 Rejoice not, O Israel, for joy, as other people: for you have gone a whoring from your God...

Habakkuk 2:18-20 What profits the graven image that the maker thereof has graven it; the molten image, and a teacher of lies...

Cross References
Exodus 32:4
And he received the gold from their hand and fashioned it with a graving tool and made a golden calf. And they said, "These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt!"

Exodus 32:6
And they rose up early the next day and offered burnt offerings and brought peace offerings. And the people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to play.

Psalm 106:19
They made a calf in Horeb and worshiped a metal image.

Revelation 9:20
The rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands nor give up worshiping demons and idols of gold and silver and bronze and stone and wood, which cannot see or hear or walk,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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