Acts 12:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Immediately an angel of the Lord struck him down, because he did not give God the glory, and he was eaten by worms and breathed his last.

King James Bible
And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

American Standard Version
And immediately an angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And forthwith an angel of the Lord struck him, because he had not given the honour to God: and being eaten up by worms, he gave up the ghost.

English Revised Version
And immediately an angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

Webster's Bible Translation
And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten by worms, and died.

Weymouth New Testament
Instantly an angel of the Lord struck him, because he had not given the glory to God, and being eaten up by worms, he died.

Acts 12:23 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

An angel of the Lord smote him

An interesting parallel is furnished by the story of Alp Arslan, a Turkish prince of the eleventh century. "The Turkish prince bequeathed a dying admonition to the pride of kings. 'In my youth,' said Alp Arslan, ' I was advised by a sage to humble myself before God; to distrust my own strength; and never to despise the most contemptible foe. I have neglected these lessons, and my neglect has been deservedly punished. Yesterday, as from an eminence, I beheld the numbers, the discipline, and the spirit of my armies; the earth seemed to tremble under my feet, and I said in my heart, surely thou art the king of the world, the greatest and most invincible of warriors. These armies are no longer mine; and, in the confidence of my personal strength, I now fall by the hand of an assassin'" (Gibbon, "Decline and Fall").

Eaten of worms (σκωληκόβρωτος)

Only here in New Testament. Of Pheretima, queen of Cyrene, distinguished for her cruelties, Herodotus says: "Nor did Pheretima herself end her days happily. For on her return to Egypt from Libya, directly after taking vengeance on the people of Barca, she was overtaken by a most horrid death. Her body swarmed with worms, which ate her flesh while she was still alive" (iv., 205). The term, as applied to disease in the human body, does not occur in any of the medical writers extant. Theophrastus, however, uses it of a disease in plants. The word σκώληξ is used by medical writers of intestinal worms. Compare the account of the death of Antiochus Epiphanes, the great persecutor of the Jews. "So that the worms rose up out of the body of this wicked man, and whiles he lived in sorrow and pain, his flesh fell away, and the filthiness of his smell was noisome to all his army" (2 Maccabees 9:9). Sylla, the Roman dictator, is also said to have suffered from a similar disease.

Gave up the ghost

See on Acts 5:5.

Acts 12:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the angel.

Exodus 12:12,23,29 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast...

1 Samuel 25:38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.

2 Samuel 24:17 And David spoke to the LORD when he saw the angel that smote the people, and said, See, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly...

1 Chronicles 21:14-18 So the LORD sent pestilence on Israel: and there fell of Israel seventy thousand men...

2 Chronicles 32:21 And the LORD sent an angel, which cut off all the mighty men of valor, and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria...

because.

Acts 10:25,26 And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him...

Acts 14:14,15 Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out...

Exodus 9:17 As yet exalt you yourself against my people, that you will not let them go?

Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said the LORD God of the Hebrews...

Psalm 115:1 Not to us, O LORD, not to us, but to your name give glory, for your mercy, and for your truth's sake.

Isaiah 37:23 Whom have you reproached and blasphemed? and against whom have you exalted your voice, and lifted up your eyes on high?...

Ezekiel 28:2,9 Son of man, say to the prince of Tyrus, Thus said the Lord GOD; Because your heart is lifted up, and you have said, I am a God...

Daniel 4:30-37 The king spoke, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power...

Daniel 5:18-24 O you king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honor...

Luke 12:47,48 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will...

2 Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sits in the temple of God...

and he.

2 Chronicles 21:18,19 And after all this the LORD smote him in his bowels with an incurable disease...

Job 7:5 My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of dust; my skin is broken, and become loathsome.

Job 19:26 And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God:

Isaiah 14:11 Your pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of your viols: the worm is spread under you, and the worms cover you.

Isaiah 51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be for ever...

Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look on the carcasses of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die...

Mark 9:44-48 Where their worm dies not, and the fire is not quenched...

Cross References
2 Samuel 24:16
And when the angel stretched out his hand toward Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD relented from the calamity and said to the angel who was working destruction among the people, "It is enough; now stay your hand." And the angel of the LORD was by the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.

2 Kings 19:35
And that night the angel of the LORD went out and struck down 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians. And when people arose early in the morning, behold, these were all dead bodies.

Acts 5:19
But during the night an angel of the Lord opened the prison doors and brought them out, and said,

Acts 12:22
And the people were shouting, "The voice of a god, and not of a man!"

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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