2 Samuel 22:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
This God—his way is perfect; the word of the LORD proves true; he is a shield for all those who take refuge in him.

King James Bible
As for God, his way is perfect; the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all them that trust in him.

American Standard Version
As for God, his way is perfect: The word of Jehovah is tried; He is a shield unto all them that take refuge in him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
God, his way is immaculate, the word of the Lord is tried by fire: he is the shield of all that trust in him.

English Revised Version
As for God, his way is perfect: the word of the LORD is tried; he is a shield unto all them that trust in him.

Webster's Bible Translation
As for God, his way is perfect; the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all them that trust in him.

2 Samuel 22:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

25 Thus Jehovah repaid me according to my righteousness,

According to my cleanness before His eyes.

26 Towards the pious Thou showest thyself pious,

Towards the perfectly innocent Thou showest thyself innocent.

27 Towards the genuine Thou showest thyself genuine,

And towards the perverse Thou showest thyself crooked.

28 And afflicted people Thou helpest,

And Thine eyes are against the haughty; them Thou humblest.

The motive for deliverance, which was expounded in 2 Samuel 22:21-24, is summed up briefly in 2 Samuel 22:25; and then in 2 Samuel 22:26 and 2 Samuel 22:27 it is carried back to the general truth, that the conduct of God towards men is regulated according to the conduct of men towards God. The vav cons. in ויּשׁב expresses the logical consequence. כּברי is used instead of ידי כּבר in 2 Samuel 22:21, which is repeated in the psalm simply for the sake of variation. The truth that God treats every man in accordance with his conduct towards Him, is expounded in four parallel clauses, in which the conduct of God is expressed in verbs in the Hithpael, formed from the adjectives used to describe the conduct of men towards God. To the חסיד, the pious or devoted to God, He also shows himself pious; and innocent, blameless, to the תמים גּבּור, the man strong in innocence, who walks in perfect innocence. נבר, a Niphal participle, from בּרר, he who keeps himself pure, strives after purity of walk. תּתּבר, an anomalous contraction of תּתבּרר (Ps.), analogous to the formation of נבר for נברר. The form תּתּפּל for תּתפּתּל, to show one's self perverse of crooked, is still more anomalous. God shows himself so towards the perverse, by giving him up to his perverseness (Romans 1:28). This general truth is applied in 2 Samuel 22:28 to the congregation of God, in the contrast which it presents of humble and haughty, and is expounded from the conduct of God, as displayed in the history of Israel, towards these two classes of men, into which the nation was divided. In the psalm, therefore, we find אתּה כּי, for which the simple ו is substituted here, because the verse does not contain any actual reason for what goes before. עני עם, afflicted people, is used to denote the pious and depressed in the nation; רמים, the high, i.e., the haughty, or godless rich and mighty in the nation. תּשׁפּיל is to be taken as a relative: whom Thou humblest (see Ewald, 332, b.; and for the thought, Isaiah 2:11). In the psalm the unusual mode of expression in the second clause is changed into the more common phrase, "Thou bringest down high, i.e., proud looks" (cf. Proverbs 6:17; Proverbs 21:4; Proverbs 30:13; Psalm 131:1, etc.).

2 Samuel 22:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

his way

Deuteronomy 32:4 He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, all whose works are truth, and his ways judgment...

Matthew 5:48 Be you therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.

Revelation 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvelous are your works...

the word

Psalm 12:6 The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.

Psalm 18:30 As for God, his way is perfect: the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all those that trust in him.

Psalm 119:140 Your word is very pure: therefore your servant loves it.

Proverbs 30:5 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield to them that put their trust in him.

tried. or, refined.
a buckler

2 Samuel 22:3 The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my savior...

Psalm 35:2 Take hold of shield and buckler, and stand up for my help.

Psalm 91:4 He shall cover you with his feathers, and under his wings shall you trust: his truth shall be your shield and buckler.

Psalm 2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD has said to me, You are my Son; this day have I begotten you.

Cross References
Matthew 5:48
You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

Deuteronomy 32:4
"The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and upright is he.

2 Samuel 22:3
my God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge, my savior; you save me from violence.

Psalm 12:6
The words of the LORD are pure words, like silver refined in a furnace on the ground, purified seven times.

Psalm 84:9
Behold our shield, O God; look on the face of your anointed!

Psalm 119:140
Your promise is well tried, and your servant loves it.

Proverbs 30:5
Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him.

Jump to Previous
Blameless Buckler Faith Flawless Good Perfect Promise Proves Refuge Safe Shield Tested Tried True. Trust Trusting Way Word
Jump to Next
Blameless Buckler Faith Flawless Good Perfect Promise Proves Refuge Safe Shield Tested Tried True. Trust Trusting Way Word
Links
2 Samuel 22:31 NIV
2 Samuel 22:31 NLT
2 Samuel 22:31 ESV
2 Samuel 22:31 NASB
2 Samuel 22:31 KJV

2 Samuel 22:31 Bible Apps
2 Samuel 22:31 Biblia Paralela
2 Samuel 22:31 Chinese Bible
2 Samuel 22:31 French Bible
2 Samuel 22:31 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
2 Samuel 22:30
Top of Page
Top of Page