2 Samuel 22:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He bowed the heavens and came down; thick darkness was under his feet.

King James Bible
He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.

American Standard Version
He bowed the heavens also, and came down; And thick darkness was under his feet.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He bowed the heavens, and came down: and darkness was under his feet.

English Revised Version
He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and thick darkness was under his feet.

Webster's Bible Translation
He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.

2 Samuel 22:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

3 The God of Israel saith,

The Rock of Israel speaketh to me:

A Ruler over men, just,

A Ruler in the fear of God.

4 And as light of the morning, when the sun rises,

As morning without clouds:

From shining out of rain (springeth) green out of the earth.

5 For is not my house thus with God?

For He hath made me an everlasting covenant,

Provided with all, and attested;

For all my salvation and all good pleasure,

Should He then not cause it to grow?

As the prophets generally preface their saying with "thus saith the Lord," so David commences his prophetic saying with "the God of Israel saith," for the purpose of describing it most emphatically as the word of God. He designates God "the God" and "The Rock" (as in 2 Samuel 22:3) of Israel, to indicate that the contents of his prophecy relate to the salvation of the people of Israel, and are guaranteed by the unchangeableness of God. The saying which follows bears the impress of a divine oracle even in its enigmatical brevity. The verbs are wanting in the different sentences of 2 Samuel 23:3 and 2 Samuel 23:4. "A ruler over men," sc., "will arise," or there will be. בּאדם does not mean "among men," but "over men;" for בּ is to be taken as with the verb משׁל, as denoting the object ruled over (cf. Genesis 3:16; Genesis 4:7, etc.). האדם does not mean certain men, but the human race, humanity. This ruler is "just" in the fullest sense of the word, as in the passages founded upon this, viz., Jeremiah 23:5; Zechariah 9:9, and Psalm 72:2. The justice of the ruler is founded in his "fear of God." אלהים יראת is governed freely by מושׁל. (On the fact itself, see Isaiah 11:2-3.) The meaning is, "A ruler over the human race will arise, a just ruler, and will exercise his dominion in the spirit of the fear of God."

2 Samuel 22:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

bowed

Psalm 144:5 Bow your heavens, O LORD, and come down: touch the mountains, and they shall smoke.

Isaiah 64:1-3 Oh that you would rend the heavens, that you would come down, that the mountains might flow down at your presence...

darkness

Exodus 20:21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

Deuteronomy 4:11 And you came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire to the middle of heaven, with darkness, clouds...

1 Kings 8:12 Then spoke Solomon, The LORD said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

Psalm 97:2 Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

Psalm 104:3 Who lays the beams of his chambers in the waters: who makes the clouds his chariot: who walks on the wings of the wind:

Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land to the ninth hour.

Luke 23:44,45 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour...

Cross References
Exodus 19:16
On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled.

1 Kings 8:12
Then Solomon said, "The LORD has said that he would dwell in thick darkness.

Psalm 97:2
Clouds and thick darkness are all around him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

Nahum 1:3
The LORD is slow to anger and great in power, and the LORD will by no means clear the guilty. His way is in whirlwind and storm, and the clouds are the dust of his feet.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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