2 Kings 25:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And he burned the house of the LORD and the king’s house and all the houses of Jerusalem; every great house he burned down.

King James Bible
And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great man's house burnt he with fire.

American Standard Version
And he burnt the house of Jehovah, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, even every great house, burnt he with fire.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he burnt the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and the houses of Jerusalem, and every house he burnt with fire.

English Revised Version
And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, even every great house, burnt he with fire.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great man's house he burnt with fire.

2 Kings 25:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Trusting partly to the help of the Egyptians and partly to the strength of Jerusalem, Zedekiah paid no attention to the repeated entreaties of Jeremiah, that he would save himself with his capital and people from the destruction which was otherwise inevitable, by submitting, to the Chaldaeans (cf. Jeremiah 38:17, Jeremiah 38:18), but allowed things to reach their worst, until the famine became so intense, that inhuman horrors were perpetrated (cf. Lamentations 2:20-21; Lamentations 4:9-10), and eventually a breach was made in the city wall on the ninth day of the fourth month. The statement of the month is omitted in our text, where the words הרביעי בּחרשׁ (Jeremiah 52:6, cf. Jeremiah 39:2) have fallen out before בּתשׁעה (2 Kings 25:3, commencement) through the oversight of a copyist. The overwhelming extent of the famine is mentioned, not "because the people were thereby rendered quite unfit to offer any further resistance" (Seb. Schm.), but as a proof of the truth of the prophetic announcements (Leviticus 26:29; Deuteronomy 28:53-57; Jeremiah 15:2; Jeremiah 27:13; Ezekiel 4:16-17). הארץ עם are the common people in Jerusalem, or the citizens of the capital. From the more minute account of the entrance of the enemy into the city in Jeremiah 39:3-5 we learn that the Chaldaeans made a breach in the northern or outer wall of the lower city, i.e., the second wall, built by Hezekiah and Manasseh (2 Chronicles 32:5; 2 Chronicles 33:14), and forced their way into the lower city (המּשׁנה, 2 Kings 22:14), so that their generals took their stand at the gate of the centre, which was in the wall that separated the lower city from the upper city upon Zion, and formed the passage from the one to the other. When Zedekiah saw them here, he fled by night with the soldiers out of the city, through the gate between the two walls at or above the king's garden, on the road to the plain of the Jordan, while the Chaldaeans were round about the city. In 2 Kings 25:4 a faulty text has come down to us. In the clause המּלחמה וכל־אנשׁי the verb יברחוּ is omitted, if not even more, namely העיר מן ויּצאוּ יברחוּ, "fled and went out of the city." And if we compare Jeremiah 39:4, it is evident that before הם וכל־אנשׁיstill more has dropped out, not merely המּלך, which must have stood in the text, since according to 2 Kings 25:5 the king was among the fugitives; but most probably the whole clause יהוּדה מלך צדקיּהוּ ראם כּאשׁר ויהי, since the words הם וכל־אנשׁי have no real connection with what precedes, and cannot form a circumstantial clause so far as the sense is concerned. The "gate between the two walls, which (was) at or over (על) the king's garden," was a gate at the mouth of the Tyropoeon, that is to say, at the south-eastern corner of the city of Zion; for, according to Nehemiah 3:15, the king's garden was at the pool of Siloah, i.e., at the mouth of the Tyropoeon (see Rob. Pal. ii. 142). By this defile, therefore, the approach to the city was barred by a double wall, the inner one running from Zion to the Ophel, whilst the outer one, at some distance off, connected the Zion wall with the outer surrounding wall of the Ophel, and most probably enclosed the king's garden. The subject to ויּלך is המּלך, which has dropped out before הם וכל־אנשׁי. הערבה is the lowland valley on both sides of the Jordan (see at Deuteronomy 1:1).

2 Kings 25:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he burnt.

1 Kings 9:8 And at this house, which is high, every one that passes by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss; and they shall say...

2 Chronicles 36:19 And they burnt the house of God, and broke down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire...

Psalm 74:3-7 Lift up your feet to the perpetual desolations; even all that the enemy has done wickedly in the sanctuary...

Psalm 79:1 O God, the heathen are come into your inheritance; your holy temple have they defiled; they have laid Jerusalem on heaps.

Isaiah 64:10,11 Your holy cities are a wilderness, Zion is a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation...

Jeremiah 7:14 Therefore will I do to this house, which is called by my name, wherein you trust...

Jeremiah 26:9 Why have you prophesied in the name of the LORD, saying, This house shall be like Shiloh...

Lamentations 1:10 The adversary has spread out his hand on all her pleasant things: for she has seen that the heathen entered into her sanctuary...

Lamentations 2:7 The LORD has cast off his altar, he has abhorred his sanctuary, he has given up into the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces...

Micah 3:12 Therefore shall Zion for your sake be plowed as a field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps...

Luke 21:5,6 And as some spoke of the temple, how it was adorned with goodly stones and gifts, he said...

Acts 6:13,14 And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceases not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law...

the king's.

Jeremiah 34:22 Behold, I will command, said the LORD, and cause them to return to this city; and they shall fight against it, and take it...

Jeremiah 37:8,10 And the Chaldeans shall come again, and fight against this city, and take it, and burn it with fire...

Jeremiah 39:8 And the Chaldeans burned the king's house, and the houses of the people, with fire, and broke down the walls of Jerusalem.

Jeremiah 52:13 And burned the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great men...

Amos 2:5 But I will send a fire on Judah, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem.

Cross References
1 Kings 9:8
And this house will become a heap of ruins. Everyone passing by it will be astonished and will hiss, and they will say, 'Why has the LORD done thus to this land and to this house?'

2 Chronicles 36:19
And they burned the house of God and broke down the wall of Jerusalem and burned all its palaces with fire and destroyed all its precious vessels.

Psalm 74:3
Direct your steps to the perpetual ruins; the enemy has destroyed everything in the sanctuary!

Psalm 74:7
They set your sanctuary on fire; they profaned the dwelling place of your name, bringing it down to the ground.

Psalm 79:1
O God, the nations have come into your inheritance; they have defiled your holy temple; they have laid Jerusalem in ruins.

Isaiah 64:11
Our holy and beautiful house, where our fathers praised you, has been burned by fire, and all our pleasant places have become ruins.

Jeremiah 17:27
But if you do not listen to me, to keep the Sabbath day holy, and not to bear a burden and enter by the gates of Jerusalem on the Sabbath day, then I will kindle a fire in its gates, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem and shall not be quenched.'"

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