2 Kings 15:37
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
In those days the LORD began to send Rezin the king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah against Judah.

King James Bible
In those days the LORD began to send against Judah Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah.

American Standard Version
In those days Jehovah began to send against Judah Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In those days the Lord began to send into Juda Basin king of Syria, and Phacee the son of Romelia.

English Revised Version
In those days the LORD began to send against Judah Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah.

Webster's Bible Translation
In those days the LORD began to send against Judah, Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah.

2 Kings 15:37 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Pekah met with his death in a conspiracy organized by Hosea the son of Elah, who made himself king "in the twentieth year of Jotham." There is something very strange in this chronological datum, as Jotham only reigned sixteen years (2 Kings 15:33), and Ahaz began to reign in the seventeenth year of Pekah (2 Kings 16:1); so that Pekah's death would fall in the fourth year of Ahaz. The reason for this striking statement can only be found, as Usher has shown (Chronol. sacr. p. 80), in the fact that nothing has yet been said about Jotham's successor Ahaz, because the reign of Jotham himself is not mentioned till 2 Kings 15:32.

(Note: Other attempts to solve this difficulty are either arbitrary and precarious, e.g., the conjectures of the earlier chronologists quoted by Winer (R. W. s. v. Jotham), or forced, like the notion of Vaihinger in Herzog's Cycl. (art. Jotham), that the words בן־עזיה ליותם are to be eliminated as an interpolation, in which case the datum "in the twentieth year" becomes perfectly enigmatical; and again the assertion of Hitzig (Comm. z. Jesaj. pp. 72, 73), that instead of in the twentieth year of Jotham, we should read "in the twentieth year of Ahaz the son of Jotham," which could only be consistently carried out by altering the text of not less than seven passages (viz., 2 Kings 15:33; 2 Kings 16:1, and 2 Kings 16:2, 2 Kings 16:17; 2 Chronicles 27:1 and 2 Chronicles 27:8, and 2 Chronicles 28:1); and lastly, the assumption of Thenius, that the words from בשׁנת to עזיה have crept into the text through a double mistake of the copyist and an arbitrary alteration of what had been thus falsely written, which is much too complicated to appear at all credible, even if the reasons which are supposed to render it probable had been more forcible and correct than they really are. For the first reason, viz., that the statement in what year of the contemporaneous ruler a king came to the throne is always first given when the history of this king commences, is disproved by 2 Kings 1:17; the second, that the name of the king by the year of whose reign the accession of another is defined is invariably introduced with the epithet king of Judah or king of Israel, is shown by 2 Kings 12:2 and 2 Kings 16:1 to be not in accordance with fact; and the third, that this very king is never described by the introduction of his father's name, as he is here, except where the intention is to prevent misunderstanding, as in 2 Kings 14:1, 2 Kings 14:23, or in the case of usurpers without ancestors (2 Kings 15:32, 2 Kings 16:1 and 2 Kings 16:15), is also incorrect in its first portion, for in the case of Amaziah in 2 Kings 14:23 there was no misunderstanding to prevent, and even in the case of Joash in 2 Kings 14:1 the epithet king of Israel would have been quite sufficient to guard against any misunderstanding.)

2 Kings 15:37 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

3262 B.C.

742 In those days. `At the end of Jotham's reign.' This Jotham died at forty-one. He was too great a blessing to be continued long to such an unworthy people. His death was a judgment, especially considering the character of ahaz, his son and successor: for we read,

2 Kings 16:3 But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yes, and made his son to pass through the fire...

Ahaz made his son pass through the fire. This son may have been Hezekiah, who served the Lord, and whose prayer in sickness was most graciously herd and answered.

Isaiah 38:1-22 In those days was Hezekiah sick to death. And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came to him, and said to him, Thus said the LORD...

began

2 Kings 10:32 In those days the LORD began to cut Israel short: and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel;

1 Samuel 3:12 In that day I will perform against Eli all things which I have spoken concerning his house: when I begin, I will also make an end.

Jeremiah 25:29 For, see, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should you be utterly unpunished?...

Luke 21:28 And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draws near.

to send

Deuteronomy 28:48 Therefore shall you serve your enemies which the LORD shall send against you, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness...

Psalm 78:49 He cast on them the fierceness of his anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels among them.

Isaiah 10:5-7 O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation...

Jeremiah 16:16 Behold, I will send for many fishers, said the LORD, and they shall fish them; and after will I send for many hunters...

Jeremiah 43:10 And say to them, Thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will send and take Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon...

Rezin

2 Kings 16:5 Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war: and they besieged Ahaz...

2 Chronicles 28:6 For Pekah the son of Remaliah slew in Judah an hundred and twenty thousand in one day, which were all valiant men...

Isaiah 7:1,8 And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Syria...

Hosea 5:12,13 Therefore will I be to Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness...

Pekah

2 Kings 15:27 In the two and fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria...

Cross References
2 Kings 15:36
Now the rest of the acts of Jotham and all that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah?

2 Kings 15:38
Jotham slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father, and Ahaz his son reigned in his place.

2 Kings 16:5
Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, came up to wage war on Jerusalem, and they besieged Ahaz but could not conquer him.

Isaiah 7:1
In the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, son of Uzziah, king of Judah, Rezin the king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah the king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to wage war against it, but could not yet mount an attack against it.

Jump to Previous
Amram Aram Begun First Judah Pekah Remaliah Remali'ah Rezin Syria
Jump to Next
Amram Aram Begun First Judah Pekah Remaliah Remali'ah Rezin Syria
Links
2 Kings 15:37 NIV
2 Kings 15:37 NLT
2 Kings 15:37 ESV
2 Kings 15:37 NASB
2 Kings 15:37 KJV

2 Kings 15:37 Bible Apps
2 Kings 15:37 Biblia Paralela
2 Kings 15:37 Chinese Bible
2 Kings 15:37 French Bible
2 Kings 15:37 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
2 Kings 15:36
Top of Page
Top of Page