1 Timothy 3:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Deacons likewise must be dignified, not double-tongued, not addicted to much wine, not greedy for dishonest gain.

King James Bible
Likewise must the deacons be grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;

American Standard Version
Deacons in like manner must be grave, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Deacons in like manner chaste, not double tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre:

English Revised Version
Deacons in like manner must be grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;

Webster's Bible Translation
Likewise must the deacons be grave, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre,

Weymouth New Testament
Deacons, in the same way, must be men of serious demeanour, not double-tongued, nor addicted to much wine, nor greedy of base gain,

1 Timothy 3:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Deacons

The office of Deacon appears in the Pastorals, but not in Paul's letters, with the single exception of Philippians 1:1, where the Deacons do not represent an ecclesiastical office, though they remark an advance toward it. Clement of Rome (ad 1 Corinthians 42. xliv.) asserts their apostolic appointment. But the evidence at our command does not bear out the view that the institution of the diaconate is described in Acts 6:1-6. The terms διάκονος and διακονία are, in the Pauline writings, common expressions of servants and service either to Christ or to others. Paul applies these terms to his own ministry and to that of his associates. Διακονία is used of the service of the apostles, Acts 1:25; Acts 6:4. Διάκονος is used of Paul and Apollos (1 Corinthians 3:5); of Christ (Galatians 2:17; Romans 15:8); of the civil ruler (Romans 13:4); of ministers of Satan (2 Corinthians 11:15). The appointment of the seven grew out of a special emergency, and was made for a particular service; and the resemblance is not close between the duties and qualifications of deacons in the Pastorals and those of the seven. The word διάκονος does not appear in Acts; and when Paul and Barnabas brought to Jerusalem the collection for the poor saints, they handed it over to the elders.

In like manner (ὡσαύτως)

Rare in Paul (Romans 8:26; 1 Corinthians 11:25). Frequent in Pastorals.

Grave (σεμνούς)

In Paul only Philippians 4:8. See on σεμνότης gravity, 1 Timothy 2:2.

Double-tongued (διλόγους)

N.T.o. olxx, oClass. Saying one thing and meaning another, and making different representations to different people about the same thing.

Given to much wine (οἴνῳ πολλῷ προσέχοντας)

See on 1 Timothy 1:4. Total abstinence is not enjoined, even on a deacon. Comp. 1 Timothy 5:23.

Greedy of filthy lucre (αἰσχροκερδεῖς)

N.T.o. olxx. The adverb αἰσχροκερδῶς in a base, gain - greedy way, 1 Peter 5:2. From αἰσχρός disgraceful and κέρδος gain. Comp. Hdt. i.:187: εἰ μὴ ἄπληστός τε ἔας χρημάτων καὶ αἰσχροκερδής if thou hadst not been insatiable of wealth and ready to procure it by disgraceful means. Aristoph. Peace, 622, alludes to two vices of the Spartans, ὄντες αἰσχροκερδεῖς καὶ διειρωνόξενοι sordidly greedy of gain, and treacherous under the mask of hospitality. Similarly Eurip. Androm. 451. Comp. turpilucricupidus, Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 63.

1 Timothy 3:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the deacons.

Acts 6:3-6 Why, brothers, look you out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom...

Philippians 1:1 Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus which are at Philippi...

be. See on ver.

1 Timothy 3:4 One that rules well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity;

double-tongued.

Psalm 5:9 For there is no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part is very wickedness; their throat is an open sepulcher...

Psalm 12:2 They speak vanity every one with his neighbor: with flattering lips and with a double heart do they speak.

Psalm 50:19 You give your mouth to evil, and your tongue frames deceit.

Psalm 52:2 The tongue devises mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully.

Romans 3:13 Their throat is an open sepulcher; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips:

James 3:10 Out of the same mouth proceeds blessing and cursing. My brothers, these things ought not so to be.

not given. See on ver.

1 Timothy 3:3 Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;

Leviticus 10:9 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest you die...

Ezekiel 44:21 Neither shall any priest drink wine, when they enter into the inner court.

Cross References
Philippians 1:1
Paul and Timothy, servants of Christ Jesus, To all the saints in Christ Jesus who are at Philippi, with the overseers and deacons:

1 Timothy 3:2
Therefore an overseer must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, sober-minded, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach,

1 Timothy 3:3
not a drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money.

1 Timothy 3:12
Let deacons each be the husband of one wife, managing their children and their own households well.

1 Timothy 5:23
(No longer drink only water, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments.)

Titus 1:7
For an overseer, as God's steward, must be above reproach. He must not be arrogant or quick-tempered or a drunkard or violent or greedy for gain,

Titus 2:3
Older women likewise are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers or slaves to much wine. They are to teach what is good,

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