1 Samuel 22:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David.

King James Bible
And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.

American Standard Version
And one of the sons of Ahimelech, the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But one of the sons of Achimelech the son of Achitob, whose name was Abiathar, escaped, and fled to David,

English Revised Version
And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.

Webster's Bible Translation
And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.

1 Samuel 22:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

On receiving this information, Saul immediately summoned the priest Ahimelech and "all his father's house," i.e., the whole priesthood, to Nob, to answer for what they had done. To Saul's appeal, "Why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son of Jesse, by giving him bread?" Ahimelech, who was not conscious of any such crime, since David had come to him with a false pretext, and the priest had probably but very little knowledge of what took place at court, replied both calmly and worthily (1 Samuel 22:14): "And who of all thy servants is so faithful (proved, attested, as in Numbers 12:7) as David, and son-in-law of the king, and having access to thy private audience, and honoured in thy house?" The true explanation of אל־משׁמעתּך סר may be gathered from a comparison of 2 Samuel 23:23 and 1 Chronicles 11:25, where משׁמעת occurs again, as the context clearly shows, in the sense of a privy councillor of the king, who hears his personal revelations and converses with him about them, so that it corresponds to our "audience." סוּר, lit. to turn aside from the way, to go in to any one, or to look after anything (Exodus 3:3; Ruth 4:1, etc.); hence in the passage before us "to have access," to be attached to a person. This is the explanation given by Gesenius and most of the modern expositors, whereas the early translators entirely misunderstood the passage, though they have given the meaning correctly enough at 2 Samuel 23:23. But if this was the relation in which David stood to Saul, - and he had really done so for a long time, - there was nothing wrong in what the high priest had done for him; but he had acted according to the best of his knowledge, and quite conscientiously as a faithful subject of the king. Ahimelech then added still further (1 Samuel 22:15): "Did I then begin to inquire of God for him this day?" i.e., was it the first time that I had obtained the decision of God for David concerning important enterprises, which he had to carry out in the service of the king? "Far be from me," sc., any conspiracy against the king, like that of which I am accused. "Let not the king lay it as a burden upon thy servant, my whole father's house (the omission of the cop. ו before בּכל־כּית may be accounted for from the excitement of the speaker); for thy servant knows not the least of all this." בּכל־זאת, of all that Saul had charged him with.

1 Samuel 22:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

one

1 Samuel 23:6 And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand.

1 Samuel 30:7 And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray you, bring me here the ephod...

2 Samuel 20:25 And Sheva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:

1 Kings 2:26,27 And to Abiathar the priest said the king, Get you to Anathoth, to your own fields; for you are worthy of death...

escaped

1 Samuel 2:33 And the man of yours, whom I shall not cut off from my altar, shall be to consume your eyes, and to grieve your heart...

1 Samuel 4:12 And there ran a man of Benjamin out of the army, and came to Shiloh the same day with his clothes rent, and with earth on his head.

Job 1:15-17,19 And the Sabeans fell on them, and took them away; yes, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword...

Cross References
1 Samuel 14:3
including Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, son of Phinehas, son of Eli, the priest of the LORD in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people did not know that Jonathan had gone.

1 Samuel 22:21
And Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the priests of the LORD.

1 Samuel 23:6
When Abiathar the son of Ahimelech had fled to David to Keilah, he had come down with an ephod in his hand.

1 Samuel 23:9
David knew that Saul was plotting harm against him. And he said to Abiathar the priest, "Bring the ephod here."

1 Samuel 30:7
And David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, "Bring me the ephod." So Abiathar brought the ephod to David.

2 Samuel 15:24
And Abiathar came up, and behold, Zadok came also with all the Levites, bearing the ark of the covenant of God. And they set down the ark of God until the people had all passed out of the city.

1 Kings 1:7
He conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest. And they followed Adonijah and helped him.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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