1 Samuel 21:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And David took these words to heart and was much afraid of Achish the king of Gath.

King James Bible
And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.

American Standard Version
And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But David laid up these words in his heart, and was exceedingly afraid at the face of Achis the king of Geth.

English Revised Version
And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.

Webster's Bible Translation
And David laid up these words in his heart, and was greatly afraid of Achish the king of Gath.

1 Samuel 21:12 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The priest then gave him (what was) holy, namely the shew-loaves "that were taken from before Jehovah," i.e., from the holy table, upon which they had lain before Jehovah for seven days (vid., Leviticus 24:6-9). - In 1 Samuel 21:7 there is a parenthetical remark introduced, which was of great importance in relation to the consequences of this occurrence. There at the sanctuary there was a man of Saul's servants, נעצר, i.e., "kept back (shut off) before Jehovah:" i.e., at the sanctuary of the tabernacle, either for the sake of purification or as a proselyte, who wished to be received into the religious communion of Israel, or because of supposed leprosy, according to Leviticus 13:4. His name was Doeg the Edomite, הרעים אבּיר, "the strong one (i.e., the overseer) of the herdsmen of Saul."

(Note: The Septuagint translators have rendered these words νέμων τὰς ἡμιόνους, "feeding the mules of Saul;" and accordingly in 1 Samuel 22:9 also they have changed Saul's servants into mules, in accordance with which Thenius makes Doeg the upper herdsman of Saul. But it is very evident that the text of the lxx is nothing more than a subjective interpretation of the expression before us, and does not presuppose any other text, from the simple fact that all the other ancient versions are founded upon the Hebrew text both here and in 1 Samuel 22:9, including even the Vulgate (potentissimus pastorum); and the clause contained in some of the MSS of the Vulgate (his pascebat mulas Saul) is nothing more than a gloss that has crept in from the Itala; and this is still more obvious in 1 Samuel 22:9, where נצּב והוּא is applicable enough to עבדי, but is altogether unsuitable in connection with פרדי, since נצּב is no more applied in Hebrew to herdsmen or keepers of animals, than we should think of speaking of presidents of asses, horses, etc. Moreover, it is not till the reign of David that we read of mules being used as riding animals by royal princes (2 Samuel 13:29; 2 Samuel 18:9); and they are mentioned for the first time as beasts of burden, along with asses, camels, and oxen, in 1 Chronicles 12:40, where they are said to have been employed by the northern tribes to carry provisions to Hebron to the festival held at the recognition of David as king. Before David's time the sons of princes rode upon asses (vid., Judges 10:4; Judges 12:14).)

1 Samuel 21:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

laid up

Psalm 119:11 Your word have I hid in my heart, that I might not sin against you.

Luke 2:19,51 But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart...


1 Samuel 21:10 And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.

Genesis 12:11-13 And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said to Sarai his wife, Behold now...

Genesis 26:7 And the men of the place asked him of his wife; and he said, She is my sister: for he feared to say, She is my wife; lest, said he...

Psalm 34:4 I sought the LORD, and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears.

Psalm 56:3 What time I am afraid, I will trust in you.

Cross References
Luke 2:19
But Mary treasured up all these things, pondering them in her heart.

1 Samuel 21:13
So he changed his behavior before them and pretended to be insane in their hands and made marks on the doors of the gate and let his spittle run down his beard.

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