1 Samuel 18:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then Jonathan made a covenant with David, because he loved him as his own soul.

King James Bible
Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

American Standard Version
Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David and Jonathan made a covenant, for be loved him as his own soul.

English Revised Version
Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

1 Samuel 18:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Jonathan's friendship. - 1 Samuel 17:55-58. The account of the relation into which David was brought to Saul through the defeat of Goliath is introduced by a supplementary remark, in 1 Samuel 17:55, 1 Samuel 17:56, as to a conversation which took place between Saul and his commander-in-chief Abner concerning David, whilst he was fighting with the giant. So far, therefore, as the actual meaning is concerned, the verbs in 1 Samuel 17:55 and 1 Samuel 17:56 should be rendered as pluperfects. When Saul saw the youth walk boldly up to meet the Philistine, he asked Abner whose son he was; whereupon Abner assured him with an oath that he did not know. In our remarks concerning the integrity of this section we have already observed, with regard to the meaning of the question put by Saul, that it does not presuppose an actual want of acquaintance with the person of David and the name of his father, but only ignorance of the social condition of David's family, with which both Abner and Saul may hitherto have failed to make themselves more fully acquainted.

(Note: The common solutions of this apparent discrepancy, such as that Saul pretended not to know David, or that his question is to be explained on the supposition that his disease affected his memory, have but little probability in them, although Karkar still adheres to them.)

1 Samuel 18:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

made a covenant

1 Samuel 20:8-17,42 Therefore you shall deal kindly with your servant; for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you...

1 Samuel 23:18 And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David stayed in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.

2 Samuel 9:1-3 And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may show him kindness for Jonathan's sake...

2 Samuel 21:7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the LORD's oath that was between them...

Cross References
1 Samuel 20:8
Therefore deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. But if there is guilt in me, kill me yourself, for why should you bring me to your father?"

1 Samuel 20:41
And as soon as the boy had gone, David rose from beside the stone heap and fell on his face to the ground and bowed three times. And they kissed one another and wept with one another, David weeping the most.

1 Samuel 22:8
that all of you have conspired against me? No one discloses to me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse. None of you is sorry for me or discloses to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day."

1 Samuel 23:18
And the two of them made a covenant before the LORD. David remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went home.

2 Samuel 21:7
But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Saul's son Jonathan, because of the oath of the LORD that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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