1 Samuel 17:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When the words that David spoke were heard, they repeated them before Saul, and he sent for him.

King James Bible
And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul: and he sent for him.

American Standard Version
And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul; and he sent for him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the words which David spoke were heard, and were rehearsed before Saul.

English Revised Version
And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul; and he sent for him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the words were heard which David spoke, they rehearsed them before Saul: and he sent for him.

1 Samuel 17:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

All the Israelites fled from Goliath, and were so afraid. They said (ישׂראל אישׁ is a collective noun), "Have ye seen this man who is coming? (הרּאיתם, with Dagesh dirim as in 1 Samuel 10:24. Surely to defy Israel is he coming; and whoever shall slay him, the king will enrich him with great wealth, and give him his daughter, and make his father's house (i.e., his family) free in Israel," viz., from taxes and public burdens. There is nothing said afterwards about the fulfilment of these promises. But it by no means follows from this, that the statement is to be regarded as nothing more than an exaggeration, that had grown up among the people, of what Saul had really said. There is al the less probability in this, from the fact that, according to 1 Samuel 17:27, the people assured him again of the same thing. In all probability Saul had actually made some such promises as these, but did not feel himself bound to fulfil them afterwards, because he had not made them expressly to David himself.

1 Samuel 17:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sent for him [heb] took him

Proverbs 22:29 See you a man diligent in his business? he shall stand before kings; he shall not stand before mean men.

The preceding twenty verses, from the

12th to the

31st inclusive, the

41st, and from the

54th to the end of this chapter, with the five first verses and the

9th,

10th,

11th,

17th,

18th, and

19th, of ch.

1 Samuel 17:18 And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and look how your brothers fare, and take their pledge.

, are all wanting in the Vatican copy of the LXX.; and they are supposed by Dr. Kennicott, and others, to be an interpolation. But, as Bp. Horsley observes, it appears, from many circumstances of the story, that David's combat with Goliath was many years prior to Saul's madness, and David's introduction to him as a musician. In the first place, David was quite a youth when engaged with Goliath, (ver.

1 Samuel 17:33 And Saul said to David, You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for you are but a youth...

,

42:) when introduced to Saul he was of full age, (ch

1 Samuel 16:18 Then answered one of the servants, and said, Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is cunning in playing...

) Again, this combat was his first appearance in public life, and first military exploit, (ver.

36,

38,39) when introduced as a musician, he was man of established character, and a man of war (ch.

1 Samuel 16:18 Then answered one of the servants, and said, Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is cunning in playing...

). Now the just conclusion is, that the last ten verses of chapter

1 Samuel 16:16 Let our lord now command your servants, which are before you, to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on an harp...

have been misplaced; their true place being between the ninth and tenth verses of ch.

1 Samuel 16:18 Then answered one of the servants, and said, Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is cunning in playing...

. Let them be removed there, and the whole apparent disorder will be removed.

Cross References
1 Samuel 17:30
And he turned away from him toward another, and spoke in the same way, and the people answered him again as before.

1 Samuel 17:32
And David said to Saul, "Let no man's heart fail because of him. Your servant will go and fight with this Philistine."

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