1 Samuel 17:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in the Valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.

King James Bible
Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.

American Standard Version
Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the vale of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But Saul, and they, and all the children of Israel were in the valley of Terebinth fighting against the Philistines.

English Revised Version
Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the vale of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.

1 Samuel 17:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"The three great (i.e., eldest) sons of Jesse had gone behind Saul into the war." הלכוּ, which appears superfluous after the foregoing ויּלכוּ, has been defended by Bttcher, as necessary to express the pluperfect, which the thought requires, since the imperfect consec. ויּלכוּ, when attached to a substantive and participial clause, merely expresses the force of the aorist. Properly, therefore, it reads thus: "And then (in Jesse's old age) the three eldest sons followed, had followed, Saul;" a very ponderous construction indeed, but quite correct, and even necessary, with the great deficiency of forms, to express the pluperfect. The names of these three sons agree with 1 Samuel 16:6-9, whilst the third, Shammah, is called Shimeah (שׁמעה) in 2 Samuel 13:3, 2 Samuel 13:32, שׁמעי in 2 Samuel 21:21, and שׁמעא in 1 Chronicles 2:13; 1 Chronicles 20:7.

1 Samuel 17:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the valley Dr. Richardson says, that in about twenty minutes, in an easterly direction, form the cave of St. John, (which is about two hours or six miles, in a westerly direction, from Jerusalem,) they came to the valley of Elah; which position seems to agree with that of Shochoh and Azekah. He describes it as `a small valley, and the place of the encampment is pointed out where it narrows into a broad, deep ravine; part of it was in crop, and part of it was under the plough, which was drawn by a couple of oxen. A small stream, which had shrunk almost under its stony bed, passes through it from east to west, from which we are informed that David chose out five smooth stones, and hasted and ran to meet the haughty champion of Gath. A well of water under the bank, with a few olive trees above, on the north side of the valley, are said to mark the spot of the shepherd's triumph over his boasting antagonist. Saul and his men probably occupied the side of the valley which is nearest to Jerusalem, on which the ground is higher and more rugged than on the other side.'

Cross References
1 Samuel 17:18
Also take these ten cheeses to the commander of their thousand. See if your brothers are well, and bring some token from them."

1 Samuel 17:20
And David rose early in the morning and left the sheep with a keeper and took the provisions and went, as Jesse had commanded him. And he came to the encampment as the host was going out to the battle line, shouting the war cry.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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