1 Kings 3:25
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the king said, “Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one and half to the other.”

King James Bible
And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other.

American Standard Version
And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Divide, said he, the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other.

English Revised Version
And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other.

1 Kings 3:25 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Solomon's Judicial Wisdom. - As a proof that the Lord had bestowed upon Solomon unusual judicial wisdom, there is appended a decision of his in a very difficult case, in which Solomon had shown extraordinary intelligence. Two harlots living together in one house had each given birth to a child, and one of them had "overlaid" her child in the night while asleep (עליו שׁכבה אשׁר, because she had lain upon it), and had then placed her dead child in the other one's bosom and taken her living child away. When the other woman looked the next morning at the child lying in her bosom, she saw that it was not her own but the other woman's child, whereas the latter maintained the opposite. As they eventually referred the matter in dispute to the king, and each one declared that the living child was her own, the king ordered a sword to be brought, and the living child to be cut in two, and a half given to each. Then the mother of the living child, "because her bowels yearned upon her son," i.e., her maternal love was excited, cried out, "Give her (the other) the living child, but do not slay it;" whereas the latter said, "It shall be neither mine nor thine, cut it in pieces."

1 Kings 3:25 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Divide This was apparently a very strange decision; but Solomon saw that the only way to discover the real mother was by the affections and tenderness should would necessarily shew to her offspring. The plan was tried, and succeeded; and it was a proof of his sound judgment, penetration, and acquaintance with the human heart, or rather, of his extraordinary and supernatural wisdom. See verse

1 Kings 3:28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king...

. The two following instances are in some faint manner to be compared to Solomon's decision, inasmuch as they also work upon the human sympathies. Suetionius, in his Life of the emperor Claudian, tells us, that this emperor discovered a woman to be the real mother of a young man, whom she refused to acknowledge, by commanding her to marry him, the proofs being doubtful on both sides; for, rather than commit incest, she confessed the truth. Diodorus Siculus also informs us, that Ariopharnes, king of Thrace, being appointed to decided between three young men, each of whom professed to be the son of the deceased king of the Cimmerians, and claimed the succession, discovered the real son by ordering each to shoot an arrow into the dead body of the king: two of them did this without hesitation; but the real son of the deceased monarch refused.

Proverbs 25:8 Go not forth hastily to strive, lest you know not what to do in the end thereof, when your neighbor has put you to shame.

Cross References
1 Kings 3:24
And the king said, "Bring me a sword." So a sword was brought before the king.

1 Kings 3:26
Then the woman whose son was alive said to the king, because her heart yearned for her son, "Oh, my lord, give her the living child, and by no means put him to death." But the other said, "He shall be neither mine nor yours; divide him."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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