1 Kings 2:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now therefore do not hold him guiltless, for you are a wise man. You will know what you ought to do to him, and you shall bring his gray head down with blood to Sheol.”

King James Bible
Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood.

American Standard Version
Now therefore hold him not guiltless, for thou art a wise man; and thou wilt know what thou oughtest to do unto him, and thou shalt bring his hoar head down to Sheol with blood.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Do not thou hold him guiltless. But thou art a wise man, and knowest what to do with him, and thou shalt bring down his grey hairs with blood to hell.

English Revised Version
Now therefore hold him not guiltless, for thou art a wise man; and thou wilt know what thou oughtest to do unto him, and thou shalt bring his hoar head down to the grave with blood.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do to him; but his hoary head do thou bring down to the grave with blood.

1 Kings 2:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

David's Last Instructions and Death. - 1 Kings 2:1-4. When David saw that his life was drawing to a close, he first of all admonished his son Solomon to be valiant in the observance of the commandments of God. "I go the way of all the world" (as in Joshua 23:14), i.e., the way of death; "be strong and be a man," - not "bear my departure bravely," as Thenius supposes, but prove thyself brave (cf. 1 Samuel 4:9) to keep the commandments of the Lord. Just as in 1 Samuel 4:9 the object in which the bravery is to show itself is appended simply by the copula Vv; so is it here also with וגו ושׁמרתּ. The phrase יי את־משׁמרת שׁמר, to keep the keeping of Jehovah, which so frequently occurs in the Thorah, i.e., to observe or obey whatever is to be observed in relation to Jehovah (cf. Genesis 26:5; Leviticus 8:35; Leviticus 18:30, etc.), always receives its more precise definition from the context, and is used here, as in Genesis 26:5, to denote obedience to the law of God in all its extent, or, according to the first definition, to walk in the ways of Jehovah. This is afterwards more fully expanded in the expression וגו חקּתין לשׁמר, to keep the ordinances, commandments, rights, and testimonies of Jehovah. These four words were applied to the different precepts of the law, the first three of which are connected together in Genesis 26:5; Deuteronomy 5:28; Deuteronomy 8:11, and served to individualize the rich and manifold substance of the demands of the Lord to His people as laid down in the Thorah. תּשׂכּיל למען, that thou mayest act wisely and execute well, as in Deuteronomy 29:8; Joshua 1:7.

1 Kings 2:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

hold him Do not consider him as an innocent man; for, as thou art a wise man, and knowest how to treat such persons, threat him as he deserves; only as I have sworn to him that I would not put him to death, `bring NOT his hoar head down to the grave with blood.' So Solomon understood David; for, after he had commanded Joab to be slain, in obedience to his father, he sent for Shimei, and knowing he ought to be well watched, he confined him to Jerusalem for the rest of his life: and so it appears David should be understood; for the negative particle {lo}, in the former clause, `hold him {not} guiltless,' should be repeated in the latter clause, though not expressed; instances of which frequently occur in the Hebrew Scriptures.

Judges 5:30 Have they not sped? have they not divided the prey; to every man a damsel or two; to Sisera a prey of divers colors...

1 Samuel 2:3 Talk no more so exceeding proudly; let not arrogance come out of your mouth: for the LORD is a God of knowledge...

Psalm 1:5 Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous.

Psalm 9:18 For the needy shall not always be forgotten: the expectation of the poor shall not perish for ever.

Psalm 38:1 O lord, rebuke me not in your wrath: neither chasten me in your hot displeasure.

Psalm 75:5 Lift not up your horn on high: speak not with a stiff neck.

Proverbs 5:16 Let your fountains be dispersed abroad, and rivers of waters in the streets.

Proverbs 24:12 If you say, Behold, we knew it not; does not he that ponders the heart consider it? and he that keeps your soul, does not he know it?...

This is the view taken of the subject by Dr. Kennicott, and it seems the best and most correct mode of interpreting the text.

Exodus 20:7 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that takes his name in vain.

Exodus 22:28 You shall not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of your people.

Job 9:28 I am afraid of all my sorrows, I know that you will not hold me innocent.

wise

1 Kings 3:12,28 Behold, I have done according to your words: see, I have given you a wise and an understanding heart...

his

1 Kings 2:6 Do therefore according to your wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace.

Genesis 42:38 And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone...

Genesis 44:31 It shall come to pass, when he sees that the lad is not with us, that he will die...

with

Numbers 32:23 But if you will not do so, behold, you have sinned against the LORD: and be sure your sin will find you out.

Cross References
2 Samuel 16:5
When King David came to Bahurim, there came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera, and as he came he cursed continually.

1 Kings 2:6
Act therefore according to your wisdom, but do not let his gray head go down to Sheol in peace.

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