1 Kings 2:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then King Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, “God do so to me and more also if this word does not cost Adonijah his life!

King James Bible
Then king Solomon sware by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life.

American Standard Version
Then king Solomon sware by Jehovah, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah hath not spoken this word against his own life.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then king Solomon swore by the Lord, saying: So and so may God do to me, and add more, if Adonias hath not spoken this word against his own life.

English Revised Version
Then king Solomon sware by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then king Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah hath not spoken this word against his own life.

1 Kings 2:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Adonijah forfeits his life. - 1 Kings 2:13-18. Adonijah came to Bathsheba with the request that she would apply to king Solomon to give him Abishag of Shunem as his wife. Bathsheba asked him, "Is peace thy coming?" i.e., comest thou with a peaceable intention? (as in 1 Samuel 16:4), because after what had occurred (1 Kings 1:5.) she suspected an evil intention. He introduced his petition with these words: "Thou knowest that the kingdom was mine, and all Israel had set its face upon me that I should be king, then the kingdom turned about and became my brother's; for it became his from the Lord." The throne was his, not because he had usurped it, but because it belonged to him as the eldest son at that time, according to the right of primogeniture. Moreover it might have been the case that many of the people wished him to be king, and the fact that he had found adherents in Joab, Abiathar, and others, confirms this; but his assertion, that all Israel had set its eyes upon him as the future king, went beyond the bounds of truth. At the same time, he knew how to cover over the dangerous sentiment implied in his words in a very skilful manner by adding the further remark, that the transfer of the kingdom to his brother had come from Jehovah; so that Bathsheba did not detect the artifice, and promised to fulfil his request (1 Kings 2:16.) to intercede with king Solomon for Abishag to be given him to wife. את־פּני אל־תּשׁבי, "do not turn back my face," i.e., do not refuse my request.

1 Kings 2:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

God

1 Kings 20:10 And Benhadad sent to him, and said, The gods do so to me, and more also...

Ruth 1:17 Where you die, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part you and me.

1 Samuel 14:44 And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for you shall surely die, Jonathan.

2 Samuel 3:9,35 So do God to Abner, and more also, except, as the LORD has sworn to David, even so I do to him...

2 Samuel 19:13 And say you to Amasa, Are you not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to me, and more also...

2 Kings 6:31 Then he said, God do so and more also to me, if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat shall stand on him this day.

if Adonijah We have already seen, that the whole harem of an eastern monarch was a part of the regal succession (See note on

2 Samuel 16:23 And the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counceled in those days, was as if a man had inquired at the oracle of God...

); and it was treason for a subject to claim any wife or virgin who had once formed a part of it. Solomon evidently considered the request of Adonijah in this light; and was convinced that he was still aiming to seize the crown, to which he considered this as one step. But it is very doubtful, how far the plea either of policy or state necessity can justify Solomon in thus embruing his hands in his brother's blood, whatever might have been his treasonable intentions or conduct.

spoken

Psalm 64:8 So they shall make their own tongue to fall on themselves: all that see them shall flee away.

Psalm 140:9 As for the head of those that compass me about, let the mischief of their own lips cover them.

Proverbs 18:6,7 A fool's lips enter into contention, and his mouth calls for strokes...

Ecclesiastes 10:12 The words of a wise man's mouth are gracious; but the lips of a fool will swallow up himself.

Luke 19:22 And he said to him, Out of your own mouth will I judge you, you wicked servant. You knew that I was an austere man...

Cross References
Ruth 1:17
Where you die I will die, and there will I be buried. May the LORD do so to me and more also if anything but death parts me from you."

Proverbs 20:2
The terror of a king is like the growling of a lion; whoever provokes him to anger forfeits his life.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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