1 Kings 12:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But Rehoboam reigned over the people of Israel who lived in the cities of Judah.

King James Bible
But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

American Standard Version
But as for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But as for all the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Juda, Roboam reigned over them.

English Revised Version
But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

Webster's Bible Translation
But as for the children of Israel who dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

1 Kings 12:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

But Rehoboam forsook this advice, and asked the younger ministers who had grown up with him. They advised him to overawe the people by harsh threats. "My little finger is stronger than my father's loins." קטי, from קטן, littleness, i.e., the little finger (for the form, see Ewald, 255, b.), - a figurative expression in the sense of, I possess much greater might than my father. "And now, my father laid a heavy yoke upon you, and I will still further add to your yoke (lay still more upon you): my father chastised you with whips, I will chastise you with scorpions." עקרבּים, scorpiones, are whips with barbed points like the point of a scorpion's sting.

(Note: The Rabbins give this explanation: virgae spinis instructae. Isidor. HisPal. Origg. v. c. 27, explains it in a similar manner: virga si est nodosa vel aculeata, scorpio vocatur. The Targ. and Syr., on the other hand, מרגגין, Syr. mārganā', i.e., the Greek μάραγνα, a whip. See the various explanations in Bochart, Hieroz. iii. p. 554f. ed. Ros.)

This advice was not only imprudent, "considering all the circumstances" (Seb. Schmidt), but it was unwise in itself, and could only accelerate the secession of the discontented. It was the language of a tyrant, and not of a ruler whom God had placed over His people. This is shown in 1 Kings 12:13, 1 Kings 12:14 : "The king answered the people harshly, and forsook the counsel of the old men," i.e., the counsellors who were rich in experience, and spoke according to the counsels of the young men, who flattered his ambition. It is very doubtful, indeed, whether the advice of the old men would have been followed by so favourable a result; it might probably have been so for the moment, but not for a permanency. For the king could not become the עגלים of the people, serve the people, without prejudicing the authority entrusted to him by God; though there is no doubt that if he had consented to such condescension, he would have deprived the discontented tribes of all pretext for rebellion, and not have shared in the sin of their secession.

1 Kings 12:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the children

1 Kings 11:13,36 However, I will not rend away all the kingdom; but will give one tribe to your son for David my servant's sake...

2 Chronicles 10:17 But as for the children of Israel that dwelled in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

2 Chronicles 11:13-17 And the priests and the Levites that were in all Israel resorted to him out of all their coasts...

Cross References
1 Kings 11:13
However, I will not tear away all the kingdom, but I will give one tribe to your son, for the sake of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem that I have chosen."

1 Kings 11:35
But I will take the kingdom out of his son's hand and will give it to you, ten tribes.

1 Kings 11:36
Yet to his son I will give one tribe, that David my servant may always have a lamp before me in Jerusalem, the city where I have chosen to put my name.

1 Kings 12:23
"Say to Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the rest of the people,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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