1 Kings 11:30
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then Ahijah laid hold of the new garment that was on him, and tore it into twelve pieces.

King James Bible
And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces:

American Standard Version
And Ahijah laid hold of the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Ahias taking his new garment, wherewith he was clad, divided it into twelve parts:

English Revised Version
And Ahijah laid hold of the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces:

1 Kings 11:30 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

A second adversary of Solomon was Rezon, the son of Eliadah (for the name see at 1 Kings 15:18), who had fled from his lord Hadadezer, king of Zobah, and who became the captain of a warlike troop (גּדוּד), when David smote them (אתם), i.e., the troops of his lord (2 Samuel 8:3-4). Rezon probably fled from his lord for some reason which is not assigned, when the latter was engaged in war with David, before his complete overthrow, and collected together a company from the fugitives, with which he afterwards marched to Damascus, and having taken possession of that city, made himself king over it. This probably did not take place till towards the close of David's reign, or even after his death, though it was at the very beginning of Solomon's reign; for "he became an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon (i.e., during the whole of his reign), and that with (beside) the mischief which Hadad did, and he abhorred Israel (i.e., became disgusted with the Israelitish rule), and became king over Aram." הדד אשׁר is an abbreviated expression, to which עשׂה may easily be supplied, as it has been by the lxx (vid., Ewald, 292, b., Anm.). It is impossible to gather from these few words in what the mischief done by Hadad to Solomon consisted.

(Note: What Josephus (Ant. viii. 7, 6) relates concerning an alliance between Hadad and Rezon for the purpose of making hostile attacks upon Israel, is merely an inference drawn from the text of the lxx, and utterly worthless.)

Rezon, on the other hand, really obtained possession of the rule over Damascus. Whether at the beginning or not till the end of Solomon's reign cannot be determined, since all that is clearly stated is that he was Solomon's adversary during the whole of his reign, and attempted to revolt from him from the very beginning. If, however, he made himself king of Damascus in the earliest years of his reign, he cannot have maintained his sway very long, since Solomon afterwards built or fortified Tadmor in the desert, which he could not have done if he had not been lord over Damascus, as the caravan road from Gilead to Tadmor (Palmyra) went past Damascus.

(Note: Compare Ewald, Gesch. iii. p. 276. It is true that more could be inferred from 2 Chronicles 8:3, if the conquest of the city of Hamath by Solomon were really recorded in that passage, as Bertheau supposes. But although על הזק is used to signify the conquest of tribes or countries, we cannot infer the conquest of the city of Hamath from the words, "Solomon went to Hamath Zobah עליה ויּחזק and built Tadmor," etc., since all that עליה יחזק distinctly expresses is the establishment of his power over the land of Hamath Zobah. And this Solomon could have done by placing fortifications in that province, because he was afraid of rebellion, even if Hamath Zobah had not actually fallen away from his power.)

1 Kings 11:30 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

rent it

1 Samuel 15:27,28 And as Samuel turned about to go away, he laid hold on the skirt of his mantle, and it rent...

1 Samuel 24:4,5 And the men of David said to him, Behold the day of which the LORD said to you, Behold, I will deliver your enemy into your hand...

Cross References
1 Samuel 15:27
As Samuel turned to go away, Saul seized the skirt of his robe, and it tore.

1 Samuel 15:28
And Samuel said to him, "The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you this day and has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you.

2 Samuel 19:43
And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, "We have ten shares in the king, and in David also we have more than you. Why then did you despise us? Were we not the first to speak of bringing back our king?" But the words of the men of Judah were fiercer than the words of the men of Israel.

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