1 Chronicles 2:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
His daughter-in-law Tamar also bore him Perez and Zerah. Judah had five sons in all.

King James Bible
And Tamar his daughter in law bare him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.

American Standard Version
And Tamar his daughter-in-law bare him Perez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Thamar his daughter in law bore him Phares and Zara. So all the sons of Juda were five.

English Revised Version
And Tamar his daughter in law bare him Perez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Tamar his daughter-in-law bore him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.

1 Chronicles 2:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The princes of Edom. - The names correspond to those in Genesis 36:40-43, but the heading and the subscription in Genesis are quite different from those in the Chronicle. Here the heading is, "and the Allufim of Edom were," and the subscription, "these are the Allufim of Edom," from which it would be the natural conclusion that the eleven names given are proper names of the phylarchs. But the occurrence of two female names, Timna and Aholibamah, as also of names which are unquestionably those of races, e.g., Aliah, Pinon, Teman, and Mibzar, is irreconcilable with this interpretation. If we compare the heading and subscription of the register in Genesis, we find that the former speaks of the names "of the Allufim of Edom according to their habitations,

(Note: So it is given by the author, "nach ihren Wohnsitzen;" but this must be a mistake, for the word is משׁפּחותם equals their families, not משׁבתם, as it is in the subscription. - Tr.)

according to their places in their names," and the latter of "the Allufim of Edom according to their habitations in the land of their possession." It is there unambiguously declared that the names enumerated are not the names of persons, but the names of the dwelling-places of the Allufim, after whom they were wont to be named. We must therefore translate, "the Alluf of Timna, the Alluf of Aliah," etc., when of course the female names need not cause any surprise, as places can just as well receive their names from women as their possessors as from men. Nor is there any greater difficulty in this, that only eleven dwelling-places are mentioned, while, on the contrary, the thirteen sons and grandsons of Esau are called Allufim. For in the course of time the number of phylarchs might have decreased, or in the larger districts two phylarchs may have dwelt together. Since the author of the Chronicle has taken this register also from Genesis, as the identity of the names clearly shows he did, he might safely assume that the matter was already known from that book, and so might allow himself to abridge the heading without fearing any misunderstanding; seeing, too, that he does not enumerate אלּוּפי of Esau, but אדום אלּוּפי, and Edom had become the name of a country and a people.

1 Chronicles 2:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Tamar.

Genesis 38:13-30 And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold your father in law goes up to Timnath to shear his sheep...

Ruth 4:12 And let your house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bore to Judah...

Matthew 1:3 And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

Thamar.
Pharez.

1 Chronicles 9:4 Uthai the son of Ammihud, the son of Omri, the son of Imri, the son of Bani, of the children of Pharez the son of Judah.

Numbers 26:21 And the sons of Pharez were; of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Hamul, the family of the Hamulites.

Ruth 4:18 Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron,

Nehemiah 11:4 And at Jerusalem dwelled certain of the children of Judah, and of the children of Benjamin. Of the children of Judah...

Perez.

Matthew 1:3 And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

Luke 3:33 Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares...

Phares.
Zerah.

1 Chronicles 9:6 And of the sons of Zerah; Jeuel, and their brothers, six hundred and ninety.

Numbers 26:13,20 Of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites: of Shaul, the family of the Shaulites...

Nehemiah 11:24 And Pethahiah the son of Meshezabeel, of the children of Zerah the son of Judah...

Matthew 1:3 And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

Zara.

Cross References
Matthew 1:3
and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram,

Genesis 38:13
And when Tamar was told, "Your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep,"

Genesis 38:30
Afterward his brother came out with the scarlet thread on his hand, and his name was called Zerah.

1 Chronicles 2:5
The sons of Perez: Hezron and Hamul.

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