1 Chronicles 12:39
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And they were there with David for three days, eating and drinking, for their brothers had made preparation for them.

King James Bible
And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.

American Standard Version
And they were there with David three days, eating and drinking; for their brethren had made preparation for them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they were there with David three days eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.

English Revised Version
And they were there with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had made preparation for them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.

1 Chronicles 12:39 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

מלחמה ערכי, preparing war with all manner of warlike weapons, i.e., practice in the use of all kinds of weapons for war; cf. 1 Chronicles 12:8. The infinitive לעדר is substantially a continuation of the preceding participles, but grammatically is dependent on בּאוּ understood (cf. 1 Chronicles 12:23, 1 Chronicles 12:38). Cf. as to this free use of the infinitive with ל, Ew. 351, c. The signification of the verb עדר, which occurs only here (1 Chronicles 12:33, 1 Chronicles 12:38), is doubtful. According to the lxx and the Vulg. (βοηθῆσαι, venerunt in auxilium), and nine MSS, which read לעזר, we would be inclined to take עדר for the Aramaic form of the Hebrew עזר (cf. Arabic ‛dr), to help; but that meaning does not suit מערכה עדר, 1 Chronicles 12:38. Its connection there demands that עדר should signify "to close up together," to set in order the battle array; and so here, closing up together with not double heart, i.e., with whole or stedfast heart (שׁלם בּלבב שׁלם, 1 Chronicles 12:38), animo integro et firmo atque concordi; cf. Psalm 12:3 (Mich.). - In 1 Chronicles 12:38 we have a comprehensive statement; כּל־אלּה, which refers to all the bodies of men enumerated in 1 Chronicles 12:24-37. שׁרית is שׁארית defectively written; and as it occurs only here, it may be perhaps a mere orthographical error. The whole of the remainder of Israel who did not go to Hebron were אחד לב אחד er, of one, i.e., of united heart (2 Chronicles 30:12): they had a unanimous wish to make David king.

1 Chronicles 12:39 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

eating and drinking

Genesis 26:30 And he made them a feast, and they did eat and drink.

Genesis 31:54 Then Jacob offered sacrifice on the mount, and called his brothers to eat bread: and they did eat bread...

2 Samuel 6:19 And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread...

2 Samuel 19:42 And all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, Because the king is near of kin to us: why then be you angry for this matter?...

Cross References
1 Chronicles 12:38
All these, men of war, arrayed in battle order, came to Hebron with a whole heart to make David king over all Israel. Likewise, all the rest of Israel were of a single mind to make David king.

1 Chronicles 12:40
And also their relatives, from as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, came bringing food on donkeys and on camels and on mules and on oxen, abundant provisions of flour, cakes of figs, clusters of raisins, and wine and oil, oxen and sheep, for there was joy in Israel.

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