1 Chronicles 11:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He was the most renowned of the thirty and became their commander, but he did not attain to the three.

King James Bible
Of the three, he was more honourable than the two; for he was their captain: howbeit he attained not to the first three.

American Standard Version
Of the three, he was more honorable than the two, and was made their captain: howbeit he attained not to the first three.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And illustrious among the second three, and their captain: but yet he attained not to the first three.

English Revised Version
Of the three, he was more honourable than the two and was made their captain: howbeit he attained not to the first three.

Webster's Bible Translation
Of the three, he was more honorable than the two; for he was their captain: but he attained not to the first three.

1 Chronicles 11:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In 1 Chronicles 11:15-19 (cf. 2 Samuel 23:13-17) there follows an exploit of three others of the thirty, whose names have not been handed down. ראשׁ השּׁלושׁים, the thirty chiefs (not, as Thenius wrongly interprets the words, these three knights the chief parts, i.e., these three chief knights), are David's heroes hereafter mentioned, the thirty-two heroes of the third class named in 1 Chronicles 11:26-40 (or vv. 24-39 of Samuel). That three others, different from the before-mentioned Jashobeam, Eleazar, and Shammah are intended, is plain from the omission of the article with שׁלושׁה; for if these three were spoken of, we would have השׁלושׁה, as in 1 Chronicles 11:18. For further remarks on this exploit, which was probably performed in the war treated of in 1 Chronicles 14:8., and in 2 Samuel 5:17., see on 2 Samuel 23:13-17. The words וגו האנשׁים הדם, 1 Chronicles 11:19, are to be translated, "The blood of these men shall I drink in their souls? for for their souls (i.e., for the price of their souls, at the risk of their life) have they brought it." The expression "blood in their souls" is to be understood according to Genesis 9:4 and Leviticus 17:14 (הוּא בנפשׁו דּמו, "his blood is in the soul," is that which constitutes his soul). As there blood and soul are used synonymously (the blood as seat of and container of the soul, and the soul as floating in the blood), so here David, according to our account of his words, compares the water, which those heroes had brought for the price of their souls, to the souls of the men, and the drinking of the water to the drinking of their souls, and finally the souls to the blood, in order to express his abhorrence of such a draught. The meaning therefore may be thus expressed: "Shall I drink in this water the souls, and so the blood, of these men; for they have brought the water even for the price of their souls?"

1 Chronicles 11:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

howbeit

Matthew 13:8 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundred times, some sixty times, some thirty times.

1 Corinthians 15:41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars...

Cross References
2 Samuel 23:18
Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of the thirty. And he wielded his spear against three hundred men and killed them and won a name beside the three.

1 Chronicles 11:20
Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, was chief of the thirty. And he wielded his spear against 300 men and killed them and won a name beside the three.

1 Chronicles 11:22
And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was a valiant man of Kabzeel, a doer of great deeds. He struck down two heroes of Moab. He also went down and struck down a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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