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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

frij'-i-a (Phrugia): A large ancient country of Central Asia Minor, very mountainous and with table-lands reaching 4,000 ft. in height. Its name is derived from Phryges, a tribe from Thrace, which in early times invaded the country and drove out or absorbed the earlier Asiatic inhabitants, among whom were the Hittites. Thus, the Phrygians borrowed much of oriental civilization, especially of art and mythology which they transferred to Europe. To define the boundaries of Phrygia would be exceedingly difficult, for as in the case of other Asia Minor countries, they were always vague and they shifted with nearly every age. The entire country abounds with ruins of former cities and with almost countless rock-hewn tombs, some of which are of very great antiquity. Among the most interesting of the rock sculptures are the beautiful tombs of the kings bearing the names Midas and Gordius, with which classical tradition has made us familiar. It seems that at one period the country may have extended to the Hellespont, even including Troy, but later the Phrygians were driven toward the interior. In Roman times, however, when Paul journeyed there, the country was divided into two parts, one of which was known as Galatian Phrygia, and the other as Asian Phrygia, because it was a part of the Roman province of Asia, but the line between them was never sharply drawn. The Asian Phrygia was the larger of the two divisions, including the greater part of the older country; Galatian Phrygia was small, extending along the Pisidian Mountains, but among its important cities were Antioch, Iconium and Apollonia. About 295 A.D., when the province of Asia was no longer kept together, its different parts were known as Phrygia Prima and Phrygia Secunda. That part of Asia Minor is now ruled by a Turkish wall or governor whose residence is in Konia, the ancient Iconium. The population consists not only of Turks, but of Greeks, Armenians, Jews, Kurds and many small tribes of uncertain ancestry, and of peculiar customs and religious practices. The people live mostly in small villages which are scattered throughout the picturesque country. Sheep and goat raising are the leading industries; brigandage is common. According to Acts 2:10, Jews from Phrygia went to Jerusalem, and in Acts 18:23 we learn that many of them were influential and perhaps fanatical. According to Acts 16:6, Paul traversed the country while on his way from Lystra to Iconium and Antioch in Galatian Phrygia. Twice he entered Phrygia in Asia, but on his 2nd journey he was forbidden to preach there. Christianity was introduced into Phrygia by Paul and Barnabas, as we learn from Acts 13:4; Acts 16:1-6; 18:23, yet it did not spread there rapidly. Churches were later founded, perhaps by Timothy or by John, at Colosse, Laodicea and Hierapolis.

E. J. Banks

5435. Phrugia -- Phrygia, a region of Asia Minor
... Phrygia, a region of Asia Minor. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration:
Phrugia Phonetic Spelling: (froog-ee'-ah) Short Definition: Phrygia Definition ...
// - 6k

2857. Kolossai -- Colossae, a city in Phrygia
... Colossae, a city in Phrygia. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: Kolossai
Phonetic Spelling: (kol-os-sah'-ee) Short Definition: Colossae Definition ...
// - 6k

2993. Laodikeia -- Laodicea, a city in Phrygia
... Laodicea, a city in Phrygia. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: Laodikeia
Phonetic Spelling: (lah-od-ik'-i-ah) Short Definition: Laodicea Definition ...
// - 6k

3818 -- Pacatiana.
... Definition: Pacatiana. Pacatiana. Feminine of an adjective of uncertain
derivation; Pacatianian, a section of Phrygia -- Pacatiana. ...
// - 5k

1053. Galatia -- Galatia, a district in Asia Minor or a larger ...
... the districts of Paphlagonia, Pontus Galaticus, Galatia (in the narrower sense,
which some still think is intended in the NT), Phrygia Galatica, Lycaonia ...
// - 6k

2404. Hierapolis -- Hierapolis, a city in Asia
... Hierapolis Phonetic Spelling: (hee-er-ap'-ol-is) Short Definition: Hierapolis
Definition: Hierapolis, a city of the Lycus valley in Phrygia, near Laodicea and ...
// - 6k


Those in Phrygia.
... Book VIII. Chapter XI."Those in Phrygia. 1. A small town [2547] [2548]
of Phrygia, inhabited solely by Christians, was completely ...
/.../pamphilius/church history/chapter xi those in phrygia.htm

Martyrs at Merum in Phrygia, under Julian.
... Book III. Chapter XV."Martyrs at Merum in Phrygia, under Julian. Amachius
governor of Phrygia ordered that the temple at Merum ...
/.../the ecclesiastical history of scholasticus/chapter xv martyrs at merum in.htm

Concerning St. Ambrose and his Elevation to the High Priesthood ...
... Ambrose and his Elevation to the High Priesthood; how he persuaded the People
to practice Piety. The Novatians of Phrygia and the Passover. ...
/.../chapter xxiv concerning st ambrose and.htm

Of Novatus and his Followers. The Novatians of Phrygia Alter the ...
... Book IV. Chapter XXVIII."Of Novatus and his Followers. The Novatians of Phrygia
alter the Time of keeping Easter, following Jewish Usage. ...
/.../chapter xxviii of novatus and his.htm

Engagement Between Valens and Procopius Near Nacolia in Phrygia ...
... Chapter V."Engagement between Valens and Procopius near Nacolia in Phrygia; after
which the Usurper is betrayed by his Chief Officers, and with them put to ...
/.../chapter v engagement between valens and.htm

Certain Presbyters Burnt in a Ship by Order of Valens. Famine in ...
... Book IV. Chapter XVI."Certain Presbyters burnt in a Ship by Order of Valens.
Famine in Phrygia. Certain pious men of the clerical ...
/.../chapter xvi certain presbyters burnt in.htm

Proceedings of John in Asia and Phrygia. Heraclides, Bishop of ...
... Book VIII. Chapter VI."Proceedings of John in Asia and Phrygia. Heraclides,
Bishop of Ephesus, and Gerontius, Bishop of Nicomedia. ...
/.../the ecclesiastical history of sozomenus/chapter vi proceedings of john in.htm

It was Our Purpose to Leave Unnoticed those Mysteries Also into ...
... Book V. 20 It was our purpose to leave unnoticed those mysteries also into
which Phrygia is initiated´┐Ż It was our purpose to leave ...
/.../the seven books of arnobius against the heathen/20 it was our purpose.htm

The Canons of the Synod Held in the City of Laodicea, in Phrygia ...
... The Canons of the Synod Held in the City of Laodicea, in Phrygia Pacatiana, in which
Many Blessed Fathers from Divers Provinces of Asia Were Gathered Together. ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/the canons of the synod.htm

The Epistle to the Colossians.
... The Churches in Phrygia. ... Paul passed twice through Phrygia, on his second and third
missionary tours, [1150] but probably not through the valley of the Lycus. ...
/.../schaff/history of the christian church volume i/section 94 the epistle to.htm

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

dry; barren

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(dry, barren). Perhaps there is no geographical term in the New Testament which is less capable of an exact definition. In fact there was no Roman province of Phrygia till considerably after the first establishment of Christianity in the peninsula of Asia Minor. The word was rather ethnological than political, and denoted in a vague manner the western part of the central region of that peninsula. Accordingly, in two of the three places where it is used it is mentioned in a manner not intended to he precise. (Acts 16:6; 18:23) By Phrygia we must understand an extensive district in Asia Minor which contributed portions to several Roman provinces, and varying portions at different times. (All over this district the Jews were probably numerous. The Phrygians were a very ancient people, and were supposed to be among the aborigines of Asia Minor. Several bishops from Phrygia were present at the Councils of Nice, A.D. 325, and of Constantinople, A.D. 381, showing the prevalence of Christianity at that time --ED.)

ATS Bible Dictionary

An inland province of Asia Minor bounded north by Bithynia and Galatia, east by Cappadocia, south by Lycia, Pisidai, and Isauria, and west by Mysia, Lydia, and Caria. It was called Phrygia Pacatiana, and also Phrygia Major, in distinction from Phrygia Minor, which was a small district of Mysia near the Hellespont, occupied by some Phrygians after the Trojan War. The eastern part of Phrygia Major was also called Lycaonia. This region was a high table land, fruitful in corn and wine, and celebrated for its fine breed of cattle and of sheep. Of the cities belonging to Phrygia, Laodicea, Hierapolis, Colosse, and Antioch of Pisdia, are mentioned in the New Testament. St. Paul twice traveled over it, preaching the gospel, Acts 2:10; 16:6; 18:23.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Dry, an irregular and ill-defined district in Asia Minor. It was divided into two parts, the Greater Phrygia on the south, and the Lesser Phrygia on the west. It is the Greater Phrygia that is spoken of in the New Testament. The towns of Antioch in Pisidia (Acts 13:14), Colosse, Hierapolis, Iconium, and Laodicea were situated in it.
Phrygia (4 Occurrences)
... It was divided into two parts, the Greater Phrygia on the south, and the Lesser
Phrygia on the west. ... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. PHRYGIA. ...
/p/phrygia.htm - 11k

Laodicea (6 Occurrences)
... The city of this name mentioned in Scripture lay on the confines of Phrygia and
Lydia, about 40 miles east of Ephesus (Revelation 3:14), on the banks of the ...
/l/laodicea.htm - 11k

Iconium (6 Occurrences)
... Was Iconium in Phrygia or in Lycaonia, and in what sense can it be said
to have belonged to one ethnical division or the other? ...
/i/iconium.htm - 12k

Galatia (6 Occurrences)
... them the gospel. On his third journey he went over "all the country of
Galatia and Phrygia in order" (Acts 18:23). Crescens was ...
/g/galatia.htm - 23k

Lycaonia (2 Occurrences)
... by Galatia proper (but lay in the Roman province Galatia), on the East by Cappadocia,
on the South by Cilicia Tracheia, and on the West by Pisidia and Phrygia. ...
/l/lycaonia.htm - 10k

Lydia (5 Occurrences)
... Shem (Genesis 10:22). It was bounded on the east by the greater Phrygia,
and on the west by Ionia and the AEgean Sea. (2.) A woman ...
/l/lydia.htm - 12k

Phrygian (1 Occurrence)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (a.) Of or pertaining to Phrygia, or to its inhabitants.
2. (n.) A native or inhabitant of Phrygia. 3. (n.) A Montanist. ...
/p/phrygian.htm - 6k

Pisidia (2 Occurrences)
... 2. Pisidian Antioch: Much controversy has raged round the question whether
Antioch was in Phrygia or in Pisidia at the time of Paul. ...
/p/pisidia.htm - 21k

Philip (37 Occurrences)
... Of his later life nothing is certainly known. He is said to have preached
in Phrygia, and to have met his death at Hierapolis. (2 ...
/p/philip.htm - 32k

... pa-ka-ti-a'-na, pak-a-ti'-a-na (Pakatiane): About 295 AD, when the province of Asia
was broken up, two new provinces were formed, Phrygia Prima (Pacatiana), of ...
/p/pacatiana.htm - 6k

Bible Concordance
Phrygia (4 Occurrences)

Acts 2:9 Some of us are Parthians, Medes, Elamites. Some are inhabitants of Mesopotamia, of Judaea or Cappadocia, of Pontus or the Asian Province, of Phrygia or Pamphylia,

Acts 2:10 Phrygia, Pamphylia, Egypt, the parts of Libya around Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes,

Acts 16:6 When they had gone through the region of Phrygia and Galatia, they were forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia.

Acts 18:23 Having spent some time there, he departed, and went through the region of Galatia, and Phrygia, in order, establishing all the disciples.



Phrygia: Paul In

Phrygia: People From, in Jerusalem

Related Terms

Laodicea (6 Occurrences)

Iconium (6 Occurrences)

Galatia (6 Occurrences)

Lycaonia (2 Occurrences)

Lydia (5 Occurrences)

Phrygian (1 Occurrence)

Pisidia (2 Occurrences)

Philip (37 Occurrences)


Lystra (6 Occurrences)

Galatian (3 Occurrences)

Traveled (104 Occurrences)

Phryg'ia (2 Occurrences)

Phry'gia (1 Occurrence)

Pamphylia (6 Occurrences)

Colossae (1 Occurrence)

Antioch (21 Occurrences)

Throughout (291 Occurrences)

Dispersion (4 Occurrences)

Minor (2 Occurrences)

Province (66 Occurrences)

Region (96 Occurrences)

Timothy (28 Occurrences)

Passed (329 Occurrences)

Asia (22 Occurrences)

Visitors (1 Occurrence)

Visiting (10 Occurrences)

Libya (4 Occurrences)

Inhabitants (254 Occurrences)

Inhabit (29 Occurrences)

Forbidden (20 Occurrences)

Tour (1 Occurrence)

Establishing (18 Occurrences)

Districts (22 Occurrences)


Mysia (2 Occurrences)

Pamphyl'ia (5 Occurrences)

Pergamos (1 Occurrence)

Pergamum (2 Occurrences)

Proselytes (2 Occurrences)


Belonging (90 Occurrences)

Bithynia (2 Occurrences)


Companions (58 Occurrences)

Cyre'ne (5 Occurrences)


Asian (1 Occurrence)

Adjoin (1 Occurrence)

Spent (76 Occurrences)

Strangers (95 Occurrences)

Strengthening (23 Occurrences)

Successively (1 Occurrence)

Silas (22 Occurrences)

Spending (7 Occurrences)

Sojourners (37 Occurrences)

Sojourning (35 Occurrences)


Proclaim (172 Occurrences)

Preach (72 Occurrences)

Cyrene (7 Occurrences)

Stayed (169 Occurrences)

Passing (177 Occurrences)

Stay (221 Occurrences)

Armenia (2 Occurrences)

Along (500 Occurrences)

Departed (270 Occurrences)

Message (222 Occurrences)

Strong (736 Occurrences)

Making (644 Occurrences)

Hierapolis (1 Occurrence)

Ghost (123 Occurrences)

Jews (287 Occurrences)

Messenger (235 Occurrences)

Tarsus (5 Occurrences)

Preaching (116 Occurrences)

Ephesians (4 Occurrences)

Rome (12 Occurrences)

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