Gaebelein's Annotated Bible
A Psalm of Asaph. God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods.Psalm 82
1. The judge with His righteous judgment (Psalm 82:1-5)
2. Arise O God! judge the earth (Psalm 82:6-8)
His own presence in the congregation of God (Israel) means a righteous judgment. Israel is then owned as His congregation (Numbers 27:17). The judges among them were called gods; the Hebrew word for judges in Exodus 21:6 is “elohim”--gods, mighty ones. Our Lord refers to this Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34. But they were unrighteous in their judgments and so He comes Himself to execute judgment and to do justice to the afflicted and needy. And more than that, He will judge the earth and the nations.