And next him was Jehozabad, and with him an hundred and fourscore thousand ready prepared for the war.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Ready prepared for the war.—Equipped for service. (See on 1Chronicles 12:23-24; Numbers 31:5; Numbers 32:29.) The hoplites or heavy-armed infantry are probably meant.2 Chronicles 17:15) was in any way superior to the other "princes," but only that he was one of them.
Three hundred thousand - This number. and those which follow in 2 Chronicles 17:15-18, have been with good reason regarded as corrupt by most critics. For:
(1) They imply a minimum population of 1,480 to the square mile, which is more than three times greater than that of any country in the known world (circa 1880's).
(2) they produce a total just double that of the next largest estimate of the military force of Judah, the 580, 000 of 2 Chronicles 14:8.
It is probable that the original numbers have been lost, and that the loss was suppplied by a scribe, who took 2 Chronicles 14:8 as his basis.
and with him one hundred and fourscore thousand ready prepared for war; being able bodied men, well disciplined, valiant, and well armed; these numbers of Judah and Benjamin put together amount to 1,160,000 men, whereas Asa only brought into the field 580,000; but it should be considered there had been a long time of peace, many had come off from the ten tribes to Judah, and the promise of multiplying the seed of Abraham was eminently fulfilled.And next him was Jehozabad, and with him an hundred and fourscore thousand ready prepared for the war.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)18. ready prepared for the war] R.V. ready prepared for war. The same phrase is translated armed for war in 1 Chronicles 12:24.Verse 18. - While Eliada of last verse was for Benjamin, Professor Dr. Murphy supposes that Jehozabad was for the annexed part of Ephraim. But no suppositions of this kind can avail to explain the numbers in the text, which is no doubt corrupt. 2 Chronicles 17:12. And Jehoshaphat became ever greater, sc. in power. The partic. הולך expresses the continuous advance in greatness, cf. Ew. 280, b, as the infin. absol. does elsewhere, e.g., Genesis 8:3. למעלה עד as in 2 Chronicles 16:12. - He built castles in Judah. בּירניּות, only here and in 2 Chronicles 27:4, from בּירנית, derivative formed from בּירה by the Syriac termination נית-, fem. of ן-: castle, fortress. On מסכּנות ערי cf. 2 Chronicles 8:4.
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