Then king Rehoboam sent Hadoram that was over the tribute; and the children of Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. But king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Hadoram.—Kings, “Adoram.” LXX. (Vat.), Adoniram. (Comp. 1Kings 4:6.)
The tribute.—The levy (ha-mas).
The children of Israel.—Kings, “all Israel.”
Made speed.—Had made speed.
His chariot.—The (royal) chariot.Then king Rehoboam sent Hadoram that was over the tribute; and the children of Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. But king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)18. Hadoram] Called “Adoram” in the parallel passage (1 Kings 12:18) and “Adoniram” (1 Kings 4:6; 1 Kings 5:14; [28 Heb.]).
over the tribute] R.V. over the levy.Verse 18. - Hadoram that was over the tribute ... stoned him... Rehoboam made speed... to flee. Hadoram was perhaps the same as Adoniram, son of Abda (1 Kings 4:6; 1 Kings 5:14), but on the arbitrament of age this is less likely, and certainly it is very unlikely that he was one with Hadoram of 2 Samuel 20:24. Rehoboam must be supposed to have sent Hadoram either to make some "tribute" summons, or try some arrangement respecting it, or respecting conciliatory steps. The reception he met warns Rehoboam to make the quickest escape possible, and no doubt opens his eyes fully to what he has done. It was the remanet of his delusive self-confidence to send this collector of taxes to those who had begged some remission of taxation. 1 Kings 12:1-19; so that we may refer for the exposition of it to the commentary on 1 Kings 12, where we have both treated the contents of this chapter, and have also discussed the deeper and more latent causes of this event, so important in its consequences.
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