And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David stayed in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)1 Samuel 23:18. They two made a covenant before the Lord — We have reason here to admire the sincere friendship of Jonathan, which remained so unshaken to David in all events, as well in his adversity and dangers, as in his prosperity and successes. It is to be observed, that, after making this covenant, they never came together again, that we find, in this world.1 Samuel 23:17. They two made a covenant, i.e. renewed their former covenant before the Lord; setting themselves as in God’s presence, and calling upon him to be witness between them.
before the Lord, of the covenant being made before Abiathar, with the Urim and Thummim in his hand; and so Jerom (p), before Gad the prophet, and Abiathar who wore the ephod:
and David abode in the wood; being a proper place for him for secrecy and safety:
and Jonathan went to his house; in Gibeah; and these two dear and cordial friends never saw one another more, as is highly probable.And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)18. to his house] Home to Gibeah, where Saul was (1 Samuel 23:19). It was the final parting of the friends.Proverbs 3:29; Proverbs 6:14, etc.), and he inquired through the oracle of the high priest whether the inhabitants of Keilah would deliver him up to Saul, and whether Saul would come down; and as both questions were answered in the affirmative, he departed from the city with his six hundred men, before Saul carried out his plan. It is evident from 1 Samuel 23:9-12, that when the will of God was sought through the Urim and Thummim, the person making the inquiry placed the matter before God in prayer, and received an answer; but always to one particular question. For when David had asked the two questions given in 1 Samuel 23:11, he received the answer to the second question only, and had to ask the first again (1 Samuel 23:12).
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