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Easton's Bible Dictionary
Sinaiticus codex

Usually designated by the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, is one of the most valuable of ancient MSS. of the Greek New Testament. On the occasion of a third visit to the convent of St. Catherine, on Mount Sinai, in 1859, it was discovered by Dr. Tischendorf. He had on a previous visit in 1844 obtained forty-three parchment leaves of the LXX., which he deposited in the university library of Leipsic, under the title of the Codex Frederico-Augustanus, after his royal patron the king of Saxony. In the year referred to (1859) the emperor of Russia sent him to prosecute his search for MSS., which he was convinced were still to be found in the Sinai convent. The story of his finding the manuscript of the New Testament has all the interest of a romance. He reached the convent on 31st January; but his inquiries appeared to be fruitless. On the 4th February he had resolved to return home without having gained his object. "On that day, when walking with the provisor of the convent, he spoke with much regret of his ill-success. Returning from their promenade, Tischendorf accompanied the monk to his room, and there had displayed to him what his companion called a copy of the LXX., which he, the ghostly brother, owned. The MS. was wrapped up in a piece of cloth, and on its being unrolled, to the surprise and delight of the critic the very document presented itself which he had given up all hope of seeing. His object had been to complete the fragmentary LXX. of 1844, which he had declared to be the most ancient of all Greek codices on vellum that are extant; but he found not only that, but a copy of the Greek New Testament attached, of the same age, and perfectly complete, not wanting a single page or paragraph." This precious fragment, after some negotiations, he obtained possession of, and conveyed it to the Emperor Alexander, who fully appreciated its importance, and caused it to be published as nearly as possible in facsimile, so as to exhibit correctly the ancient handwriting. The entire codex consists of 346 1/2 folios. Of these 199 belong to the Old Testament and 147 1/2 to the New, along with two ancient documents called the Epistle of Barnabas and the Shepherd of Hermas. The books of the New Testament stand thus: the four Gospels, the epistles of Paul, the Acts of the Apostles, the Catholic Epistles, the Apocalypse of John. It is shown by Tischendorf that this codex was written in the fourth century, and is thus of about the same age as the Vatican codex; but while the latter wants the greater part of Matthew and sundry leaves here and there besides, the Sinaiticus is the only copy of the New Testament in uncial characters which is complete. Thus it is the oldest extant MS. copy of the New Testament. Both the Vatican and the Sinai codices were probably written in Egypt. (see VATICANUS.)


Appendix (F). On the Relative Antiquity of the Codex Vaticanus (B) ...
... APPENDIX (F). On the Relative antiquity of the CODEX VATICANUS (B), and the CODEX
SINAITICUS ({HEBREW LETTER ALEF}). (Referred to at p.70.) ...
/.../appendix f on the relative.htm

The Codex
... On the next page is exhibited an exact Fac-simile, obtained by Photography, of
fol.28 b of the CODEX SINAITICUS at S. Petersburg, (Tischendorf's {HEBREW LETTER ...
/.../burgon/the last twelve verses of the gospel according to s mark /the codex.htm

Appendix (F).
... APPENDIX (F). On the Relative antiquity of the Codex Vaticanus (B), and
the Codex Sinaiticus ('). (Referred to at p.70.). I. "Vix ...
/.../burgon/the last twelve verses of the gospel according to s mark/appendix f.htm

Constantine's Letter to Eusebius on the Preparation of Copies of ...
... as lectionaries, but they are usually thought to have been regular copies of the
Scriptures in Greek--Septuagint and NT, and the Codex Sinaiticus has been ...
/.../the life of constantine/chapter xxxvi constantines letter to eusebius.htm

Apocryphal Traditions.
... us resist all iniquity, and hold it in abhorrence.' " From the Epistle of Barnabas,
c.4. This Epistle, though incorporated in the Codex Sinaiticus, is probably ...
/.../history of the christian church volume i/section 18 apocryphal traditions.htm

Manuscript Testimony Shewn to be Overwhelmingly in Favour of These ...
... Alexandrine (A) and the Parisian Codex (C),"neither of them probably removed by
much more than fifty years from the date of the Codex Sinaiticus, and both ...
/.../chapter vi manuscript testimony shewn.htm

The Last Twelve Verses of the Gospel According to S. Mark
... Verses.". APPENDIX (F). On the Relative antiquity of the CODEX VATICANUS (B),
/.../burgon/the last twelve verses of the gospel according to s mark /

The Last Twelve Verses of the Gospel According to S. Mark
... ON the next page is exhibited an exact Fac-simile, obtained by Photography, of
fol.28 b of the Codex Sinaiticus at S. Petersburg, (Tischendorf's '): shewing ...
/.../burgon/the last twelve verses of the gospel according to s mark/title page.htm

The Acts of the Apostles
... One of the earliest manuscripts, the Codex Sinaiticus, gives as the title the simple
word Acts, with no mention of the apostles. There is a reason for this. ...
// acts of the apostles/title page.htm

Chapter i.
... Codex Vaticanus (B) Codex sinaiticus (') Genesis Genesis Exodos * Leueitikon * Arithmoi
Arithmoi Deuteronomion * Iesous * Kritai * Rhouth * Basileion a'"d ...
/.../an introduction to the old testament in greek additional notes/chapter i 2.htm

... Easton's Bible Dictionary Sinaiticus codex. Usually designated by the first letter
of the Hebrew alphabet, is one of the most valuable of ancient MSS. ...
/s/sinaiticus.htm - 9k

Shemaiah (40 Occurrences)
... Levitical Kohathite clan of Elizaphan in the time of David (1 Chronicles 15:8, Codex
Vaticanus Samaias; Codex Alexandrinus Samaia; Codex Sinaiticus Sameas; 1 ...
/s/shemaiah.htm - 29k

... Vaticanus, Codex. Is said to be the oldest extant vellum manuscript. It and
the Codex Sinaiticus are the two oldest uncial manuscripts. ...
/v/vaticanus.htm - 7k

... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia NASBAS. nas'-bas (Nasbas, Codex Sinaiticus
Nabad, read by Fritzsche): A name otherwise unknown. ...
/n/nasbas.htm - 7k

Teresh (2 Occurrences)
... te'-resh (teresh (Esther 2:21; Esther 6:2); Codex Vaticanus, Codex Alexandrinus,
and Codex Sinaiticus omit it; but Codex Sinaiticus' margin has Tharas and ...
/t/teresh.htm - 8k

Raca (1 Occurrence)
... ra'-ka, ra-ka'> (rhaka, Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek with Codices
Sinaiticus (corrected), Vaticanus, Codex E, etc.; rhacha, Tischendorf with ...
/r/raca.htm - 10k

Phoenix (2 Occurrences)
... by a wind from the Northeast, called Euraquilo, and ran before it under the lee
of an island, called Cauda or Clauda (Kauda (Codex Sinaiticus (corrected) and ...
/p/phoenix.htm - 12k

Apostles (79 Occurrences)
... These are the Primary Uncials (Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Alexandrinus, Codex Vaticanus,
Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus, Codex Bezae), Codex Laudianus (E) which is a ...
/a/apostles.htm - 62k

Shemariah (5 Occurrences)
... shemaryahu, "whom Jahveh guards"): (1) A Benjamite warrior who joined David at Ziklag
(1 Chronicles 12:5, Codex Vaticanus Sammaraia; Codex Sinaiticus and Codex ...
/s/shemariah.htm - 8k

Christian (41 Occurrences)
... 4. Was "Christian" the Original Form?: In all three New Testament passages the
uncorrected Codex Sinaiticus reads "Chrestian." We know from many sources that ...
/c/christian.htm - 29k



Related Terms

Shemaiah (40 Occurrences)



Teresh (2 Occurrences)

Raca (1 Occurrence)

Phoenix (2 Occurrences)

Apostles (79 Occurrences)

Shemariah (5 Occurrences)

Christian (41 Occurrences)

Acts (271 Occurrences)


Anaharath (1 Occurrence)

Text (5 Occurrences)



Malefactor (2 Occurrences)

Vaniah (1 Occurrence)


Zimri (16 Occurrences)

Zimran (2 Occurrences)



Ur (5 Occurrences)

Unno (1 Occurrence)

Justus (3 Occurrences)

Latin (2 Occurrences)

Ibhar (3 Occurrences)

Hazor (19 Occurrences)


Rezeph (2 Occurrences)

Refute (6 Occurrences)

Repetitions (1 Occurrence)

Elam (24 Occurrences)

Elamites (2 Occurrences)


Manasses (1 Occurrence)

Prick (2 Occurrences)


Bethgamul (1 Occurrence)

Bethabara (1 Occurrence)

Beth-gamul (1 Occurrence)

Capernaum (16 Occurrences)


Alms (13 Occurrences)

Aleph (1 Occurrence)

Almsgiving (3 Occurrences)

Ampliatus (1 Occurrence)

Abilene (1 Occurrence)


Shimeah (4 Occurrences)

Songs (100 Occurrences)

Succeed (47 Occurrences)

Sceva (1 Occurrence)

Since (1200 Occurrences)

Salmai (2 Occurrences)

Success (29 Occurrences)

Sweat (3 Occurrences)

Semein (1 Occurrence)

After (10866 Occurrences)

Almost (27 Occurrences)

Hamutal (3 Occurrences)

Song (207 Occurrences)

Barnabas (33 Occurrences)

Alexandria (4 Occurrences)

Criticism (1 Occurrence)

Sinai (38 Occurrences)


Luke (4 Occurrences)



Philippi (8 Occurrences)

Corinthians (3 Occurrences)

Hare (2 Occurrences)

First (4693 Occurrences)

Ephesians (4 Occurrences)

Wisdom (320 Occurrences)

Sodomite (1 Occurrence)

Books (16 Occurrences)

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