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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

a hole; liberty; whiteness

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(caverns), a province of Palestine twice mentioned by Ezekiel. (Ezekiel 47:16,17) There can be little doubt that it is identical with the well-known Greek province of Auranitis and the modern Hauran east of the Sea of Galilee, on the borders of the desert, in the tetrarchy of Philip.

ATS Bible Dictionary

Ezekiel 47:16, was originally a small district south of Damascus, and east of the sea of Tiberias, but was afterwards extended to the south and east, and under the Romans was called Auranitis. It now includes the ancient Trachonitis, the Haouran, Ituraea, and part of Batanaea, and is very minutely described by Burckhardt. Many ruins of cities, with Greek inscriptions, are scattered over its rugged surface.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Cave-land, mentioned only in Ezek. 47:16, 18. It was one of the ancient divisions of Bashan (q.v.), and lay on the south-east of Gaulanitis or the Jaulan, and on the south of Lejah, extending from the Arnon to the Hieromax. It was the most fertile region in Syria, and to this day abounds in the ruins of towns, many of which have stone doors and massive walls. It retains its ancient name. It was known by the Greeks and Romans as "Auranitis."
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

ho'-ran (chawran; Septuagint Auranitis, also with aspirate):

1. Extent of Province in Ancient Times:

A province of Eastern Palestine which, in Ezekiel 47:16, 18, stretched from Dan in the North to Gilead in the South, including all that lay between the Jordan and the desert. It thus covered the districts now known as el-Jedur, el-Jaulan, and el-Chauran. It corresponded roughly with the jurisdiction of the modern Turkish governor of Hauran. The Auranites of later times answered more closely to the Hauran of today.

2. Modern Hauran:

The name Chauran probably means "hollow land." Between Jebel ed-Druze (see BASHAN (MOUNT OF) on the East, and Jedua and Jaulan (see GOLAN) on the West, runs a broad vale, from Jebel el `Aswad in the North, to the Yarmuk in the Southwest, and the open desert in the Southeast. It is from 1,500 to 2,000 ft. above sea-level, and almost 50 miles in length, by 45 in breadth. Chauran aptly describes it. To the modern Chauran are reckoned 3 districts, clearly distinguished in local speech:

3. En-Nuqrah:

(1) En-Nuqrah, "the cavity." This district touches the desert in the Southeast, the low range of ez Zumleh on the Southwest, Jaulan on the West, el-Leja' on the North and, Jebel ed-Druze on the East. The soil, composed of volcanic detritus, is extraordinarily rich. Here and there may be found a bank of vines; but the country is practically treeless: the characteristic product is wheat, and in its cultivation the village population is almost wholly occupied.

4. El-Leja':

(2) El-Leja', "the asylum." This is a rocky tract lying to the North of en-Nuqrah. It is entirely volcanic, and takes, roughly, the form of a triangle, with apex in the North at el Burak, and a base of almost 20 miles in the South. For the general characteristics of this district see TRACHONITIS. Its sharply marked border, where the rocky edges fall into the surrounding plain, have suggested to some the thought that here we have chebhel 'argobh, "the measured lot of Argob." See , however, ARGOB. There is little land capable of cultivation, and the Arabs who occupy the greater part have an evil reputation. As a refuge for the hunted and for fugitives from justice it well deserves its name.

5. El-Jebel:

(3) El-Jebel, "the mountain." This is the great volcanic range which stands on the edge of the desert, protecting the fertile reaches of el-Chauran from encroachment by the sand, known at different times as Mons Asaldamus, Jebel Chauran, and Jebel ed-Druze. This last is the name it bears today in consequence of the settlement of Druzes here, after the massacre in Mt. Lebanon in 1860. Those free-spirited people have been a thorn in the side of the Turks ever since: and whether or not the recent operations against them (January, 1911) will result in their entire, subjugation, remains to be seen. The western slopes of the mountain are well cultivated, and very fruitful; vineyards abound; and there are large reaches of shady woodlands. Calkhad, marking the eastern boundary of the land of Israel, stands on the ridge of the mountain to the South Jebel el-Kuleib in which the range culminates, reaches a height of 5,730 ft. Jebel Chauran is named in the Mishna (Rosh ha-shanah, ii.4) as one of the heights from which fire-signals were flashed, announcing the advent of the new year. For its history see BASHAN. The ruins which are so plentiful in the country date for the most part from the early Christian centuries; and probably nothing above ground is older than the Roman period. The substructions, however, and the subterranean dwellings found in different parts, e.g. at Der`ah, may be very ancient. The latest mention of a Christian building is in an inscription found by the present writer at el-Kufr, which tells of the foundation of a church in 720 A.D. (PEFS, July, 1895, p. 275, Inscr number 150). A good account of Hauran and its cities is given in HGHL, XXIX, 611.

W. Ewing

Strong's Hebrew
2694. Chatser Hattikon -- a place near the border of Hauran
... a place near the border of Hauran. Transliteration: Chatser Hattikon Phonetic Spelling:
(khats-ar' hat-tee-kone') Short Definition: Hazer-hatticon. ...
/hebrew/2694.htm - 6k

2362. Chavran -- a district Southeast of Mount Hermon
... 2361, 2362. Chavran. 2363 . a district Southeast of Mount Hermon. Transliteration:
Chavran Phonetic Spelling: (khav-rawn') Short Definition: Hauran. ... Hauran. ...
/hebrew/2362.htm - 6k


Mount Olivet. The Mount of Olives, 2 Samuel 15:30
... flames first? From the mount of Olivet to Sartaba; from Sartaba to Gryphena;
from Gryphena to Hauran; from Hauran to Beth Baltin. And ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 40 mount olivet the.htm

The Kingdom of God Conceived as the Inheritance of the Poor.
... disciples of Jesus loved to give themselves; it was for a long time the name of
the Judaizing Christians of Batanea and of the Hauran (Nazarenes, Hebrews) who ...
//christianbookshelf.org/renan/the life of jesus/chapter xi the kingdom of.htm

Education of Jesus.
... In fine, the sects issuing directly from the first Galilean movement (Nazarenes,
Ebionim, &c.), which continued a long time in Batanea and Hauran, spoke a ...
/.../renan/the life of jesus/chapter iii education of jesus.htm

Chapter xxvi
... here most properly a hundred measures""a hundred fold." Such remarkable fertility
was sometimes found in days of old and is claimed for the Hauran, east of ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xxvi.htm

And ii.
... further distinctive designation.2. The Edomitic Bozrah must have been a great and
powerful city, which agrees well with the "mighty ruins" in Hauran, but not ...
/.../hengstenberg/christology of the old testament/chap i and ii.htm

Syria at the Beginning of the Egyptian Conquest
... the Jordan at Beth-shan, then the Jab-bok, and finally reaching Damascus after having
skirted at some distance the last of the basaltic ramparts of the Hauran. ...
/.../chapter iisyria at the beginning.htm

The First Chaldaean Empire and the Hyksos in Egypt
... any tributary, fills a second deeper though smaller basin, while to the south two
other lesser depressions receive the waters of the Anti-Lebanon and the Hauran ...
/.../chapter ithe first chaldaean empire.htm

The Power of Assyria at Its Zenith; Esarhaddon and Assur-Bani-Pal
... The Assyrians must have set out by the Wady Hauran or by one of the wadys
near to Babylon, and have returned by a more southern wady. ...
/.../chapter iithe power of assyria 2.htm

The Hebrews and the Philistines --Damascus
... victory, however, we find the territory they had invaded divided into two kingdoms:
in the north that of Bashan, which comprised, besides the Hauran, the plain ...
/.../chapter iiithe hebrews and the.htm

Tiglath-Pileser iii. And the Organisation of the Assyrian Empire ...
... The lesser southern states, such as Ammon, the Bedawin tribes of Hauran, and, at
the opposite extremity of the kingdom, the Philistines,*** who had bowed ...
/.../chapter iitiglath-pileser iii and the.htm

Hauran (2 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. HAURAN. ... It corresponded roughly with the
jurisdiction of the modern Turkish governor of Hauran. ...
/h/hauran.htm - 11k

Bashan (54 Occurrences)
... (1.) Gaulonitis, or Jaulan, the most western; (2.) Auranitis, the Hauran (Ezek.
47:16); ... (see HAURAN.). Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. BASHAN. ...
/b/bashan.htm - 32k

Millstone (9 Occurrences)
... The "nether" stone, always made of hard lava or basalt from the district of the
Hauran, was a large heavy slab varying in length from 1 1/2 ft. ...
/m/millstone.htm - 15k

Hinge (1 Occurrence)
... In Syria, and especially in the Hauran, there are many ancient doors, consisting
of stone slabs with pivots carved out of the same piece inserted in sockets ...
/h/hinge.htm - 9k

Mill (9 Occurrences)
... The "nether" stone, always made of hard lava or basalt from the district of the
Hauran, was a large heavy slab varying in length from 1 1/2 ft. ...
/m/mill.htm - 18k

Have (53575 Occurrences)

/h/have.htm - 10k

Hazar-hatticon (1 Occurrence)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Village of the midway, a place near Hamath in the confines
of Hauran (Ezek. 47:16), probably on the north brow of Hermon. Int. ...
/h/hazar-hatticon.htm - 7k

Hazarhatticon (1 Occurrence)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Village of the midway, a place near Hamath in the confines
of Hauran (Ezek. 47:16), probably on the north brow of Hermon. Int. ...
/h/hazarhatticon.htm - 7k

Zedad (3 Occurrences)
... Ezekiel 47:16 To Zedad, Berothah, Sibraim, which is between the limit of Damascus
and the limit of Hazar-hatticon, which is on the limit of Hauran. (BBE). ...
/z/zedad.htm - 8k

Zebah (9 Occurrences)
... and Zalmunna had succeeded in escaping across the Jordan with a remnant of the
Midianite host, but were overtaken at Karkor, probably in the Hauran, and routed ...
/z/zebah.htm - 13k

Bible Concordance
Hauran (2 Occurrences)

Ezekiel 47:16 Hamath, Berothah, Sibraim, which is between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath; Hazer Hatticon, which is by the border of Hauran.

Ezekiel 47:18 The east side, between Hauran and Damascus and Gilead, and the land of Israel, shall be the Jordan; from the north border to the east sea you shall measure. This is the east side.



Hauran: A District Probably South of Damascus and East of the Jordan River

Related Terms

Bashan (54 Occurrences)

Millstone (9 Occurrences)

Hinge (1 Occurrence)

Mill (9 Occurrences)

Have (53575 Occurrences)

Hazar-hatticon (1 Occurrence)

Hazarhatticon (1 Occurrence)

Zedad (3 Occurrences)

Zebah (9 Occurrences)

Zobah (15 Occurrences)

Kenath (2 Occurrences)

Og (22 Occurrences)

Golan (4 Occurrences)

Wheat (56 Occurrences)

Edrei (8 Occurrences)

Earthquake (17 Occurrences)

Uz (8 Occurrences)

Door (249 Occurrences)

Maachah (19 Occurrences)

Manasseh (140 Occurrences)

Bethgamul (1 Occurrence)

Berothah (1 Occurrence)

Beth-horon (12 Occurrences)


Bethhoron (12 Occurrences)

Beth-gamul (1 Occurrence)


Ashtaroth (13 Occurrences)


Sibraim (1 Occurrence)

Haunts (3 Occurrences)

Limit (115 Occurrences)

Jordan (188 Occurrences)

Hazer-hatticon (1 Occurrence)

Hatticon (1 Occurrence)

Hazer (1 Occurrence)

Gold (429 Occurrences)

Damascus (58 Occurrences)

Syria (73 Occurrences)

Arabia (9 Occurrences)

Tamar (28 Occurrences)

Hazael (23 Occurrences)

Nations (683 Occurrences)

Coast (70 Occurrences)

Boundary (83 Occurrences)

Table (125 Occurrences)

Hamath-zobah (1 Occurrence)

Hazar-enon (3 Occurrences)

Hamathzobah (1 Occurrence)

Hazar-e'non (3 Occurrences)

Dispersion (4 Occurrences)

Hamath (36 Occurrences)

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