O the happiness of that one, who Hath not walked in the counsel of the wicked. And in the way of sinners hath not stood, And in the seat of scorners hath not sat;
Psalm 1:1 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Blessed is the man - This Psalm has no title, and has been generally considered, but without especial reason, as a preface or introduction to the whole book.
The word אשרי ashrey, which we translate blessed, is properly in the plural form, blessednesses, or may be considered as an exclamation produced by contemplating the state of the man who has taken God for his portion; O the blessedness of the man! And the word האיש haish, is emphatic: That man; that one among a thousand who lives for the accomplishment of the end for which God created him.
1. God made man for happiness.
2. Every man feels a desire to be happy.
3. All human beings abhor misery.
4. Happiness is the grand object of pursuit among all men.
5. But so perverted is the human heart, that it seeks happiness where it cannot be found; and in things which are naturally and morally unfit to communicate it.
6. The true way of obtaining it is here laid down.
That walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly - There is a double Climax in this verse, which it will be proper to note: -
There are here three characters, each exceeding the other in sinfulness.
1. The Ungodly, רשעים reshaim from רשע rasha, to be unjust; rendering to none his due; withholding from God, society, and himself, what belongs to each. Ungodly - he who has not God in him; who is without God in the world.
2. Sinners, חטאים chattaim, from חטא chata, "to miss the mark," "to pass over the prohibited limits," "to transgress." This man not only does no good, but he does evil. The former was without God, but not desperately wicked. The latter adds outward transgression to the sinfulness of his heart.
3. Scornful, לצים letsim, from לצה latsah, "to mock, deride." He who has no religion; lives in the open breach of God's laws, and turns revelation, the immortality of the soul, and the existence of an invisible world into ridicule. He is at least a deist, and endeavours to dissolve, as Much as he can, the bonds of moral obligation in civil society. As the sinner exceeds the ungodly, so the scornful exceeds both.
The second climax is found in the words,
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalm 1:1-3 Blessed is the man that walks not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor stands in the way of sinners...
The happiness of the godly
Psalm 1:4-6 The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind drives away...
The unhappiness of the ungodly
Psalm 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little...
Psalm 32:1,2 Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered...
Psalm 34:8 O taste and see that the LORD is good: blessed is the man that trusts in him.
Psalm 84:12 O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man that trusts in you.
Psalm 106:3 Blessed are they that keep judgment, and he that does righteousness at all times.
Psalm 112:1 Praise you the LORD. Blessed is the man that fears the LORD, that delights greatly in his commandments.
Psalm 115:12-15 The LORD has been mindful of us: he will bless us; he will bless the house of Israel; he will bless the house of Aaron...
Psalm 119:1,2 Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD...
Psalm 144:15 Happy is that people, that is in such a case: yes, happy is that people, whose God is the LORD.
Psalm 146:5 Happy is he that has the God of Jacob for his help, whose hope is in the LORD his God:
Deuteronomy 28:2 And all these blessings shall come on you, and overtake you, if you shall listen to the voice of the LORD your God.
Deuteronomy 33:29 Happy are you, O Israel: who is like to you, O people saved by the LORD, the shield of your help...
Jeremiah 17:7 Blessed is the man that trusts in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is.
Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood has not revealed it to you...
Luke 11:28 But he said, Yes rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.
John 13:17 If you know these things, happy are you if you do them.
John 20:29 Jesus said to him, Thomas, because you have seen me, you have believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
Revelation 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life...
Psalm 81:12 So I gave them up to their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels.
Genesis 5:24 And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.
Leviticus 26:27,28 And if you will not for all this listen to me, but walk contrary to me...
1 Kings 16:31 And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat...
Job 31:5 If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot has hurried to deceit;
Proverbs 1:15 My son, walk not you in the way with them; refrain your foot from their path:
Proverbs 4:14,15 Enter not into the path of the wicked, and go not in the way of evil men...
Proverbs 13:20 He that walks with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.
Ezekiel 20:18 But I said to their children in the wilderness, Walk you not in the statutes of your fathers, neither observe their judgments...
1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have worked the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts...
Psalm 64:2 Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked; from the insurrection of the workers of iniquity:
Genesis 49:6 O my soul, come not you into their secret; to their assembly, my honor, be not you united: for in their anger they slew a man...
2 Chronicles 22:3 He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab: for his mother was his counselor to do wickedly.
Job 10:3 Is it good to you that you should oppress, that you should despise the work of your hands, and shine on the counsel of the wicked?
Job 21:16 See, their good is not in their hand: the counsel of the wicked is far from me.
Luke 23:51 (The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews...
ungodly. or, wicked
Psalm 26:12 My foot stands in an even place: in the congregations will I bless the LORD.
Romans 5:2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
Ephesians 6:13 Why take to you the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
Psalm 1:6 For the LORD knows the way of the righteous: but the way of the ungodly shall perish.
Psalm 36:4 He devises mischief on his bed; he sets himself in a way that is not good; he abhors not evil.
Psalm 146:9 The LORD preserves the strangers; he relieves the fatherless and widow: but the way of the wicked he turns upside down.
Proverbs 2:12 To deliver you from the way of the evil man, from the man that speaks fraudulent things;
Proverbs 4:19 The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.
Proverbs 13:15 Good understanding gives favor: but the way of transgressors is hard.
Matthew 7:13,14 Enter you in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leads to destruction...
Psalm 26:4,5 I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers...
Psalm 119:115 Depart from me, you evildoers: for I will keep the commandments of my God.
Jeremiah 15:17 I sat not in the assembly of the mockers, nor rejoiced; I sat alone because of your hand: for you have filled me with indignation.
Proverbs 1:22 How long, you simple ones, will you love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?
Proverbs 3:34 Surely he scorns the scorners: but he gives grace to the lowly.
Proverbs 9:12 If you be wise, you shall be wise for yourself: but if you scorn, you alone shall bear it.
Proverbs 19:29 Judgments are prepared for scorners, and stripes for the back of fools.
Psalm 1:1 Parallel CommentariesBlessed Company Counsel Evil-Doers Happiness Happy Honour Path Sat Scoffers Scorners Scornful Seat Sinners Sit Sits Sitteth Stand Standeth Stood Ungodly Walk Walked Walketh Walks Way WickedBlessed Company Counsel Evil-Doers Happiness Happy Honour Path Sat Scoffers Scorners Scornful Seat Sinners Sit Sits Sitteth Stand Standeth Stood Ungodly Walk Walked Walketh Walks Way WickedTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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