|New International Version (© 2011)|
Since he was not able to pay, the master ordered that he and his wife and his children and all that he had be sold to repay the debt.
King James Bible
But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.
American Standard Version
But forasmuch as he had not wherewith to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.
Young's Literal Translation
and he having nothing to pay, his lord did command him to be sold, and his wife, and the children, and all, whatever he had, and payment to be made.
Matthew 18:25 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
He had not to pay - That is not being able to pay. As there could not be the smallest probability that a servant, wholly dependent on his master, who was now absolutely insolvent, could ever pay a debt he had contracted of more than 67 millions! - so is it impossible for a sinner, infinitely indebted to Divine justice, ever to pay a mite out of the talent.
Commanded him to be sold - his wife - children, etc. - Our Lord here alludes to an ancient custom among the Hebrews, of selling a man and his family to make payment of contracted debts. See Exodus 22:3; Leviticus 25:30, Leviticus 25:47; 2 Kings 4:1. This custom passed from among the Jews to the Greeks and Romans. I have already remarked (see Genesis 47:19) that in the Burman empire the sale of whole families, to discharge debts, is very common.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Leviticus 25:39 And if your brother that dwells by you be waxen poor, and be sold to you; you shall not compel him to serve as a bondservant:
2 Kings 4:1 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets to Elisha, saying, Your servant my husband is dead...
Nehemiah 5:5,8 Yet now our flesh is as the flesh of our brothers, our children as their children: and, see...
Isaiah 50:1 Thus said the LORD, Where is the bill of your mother's divorce, whom I have put away?...
Matthew 18:25 Parallel CommentariesAbility Able Children Command Commanded Couldn't Daughters Debt Forasmuch Master Means Money Ordered Orders Pay Payment Repay Repayment Sold Unable Whatever Wherewith WifeAbility Able Children Command Commanded Couldn't Daughters Debt Forasmuch Master Means Money Ordered Orders Pay Payment Repay Repayment Sold Unable Whatever Wherewith WifeTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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Exodus 21:2 "If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free, without paying anything.
Exodus 22:3 but if it happens after sunrise, the defender is guilty of bloodshed. "Anyone who steals must certainly make restitution, but if they have nothing, they must be sold to pay for their theft.
Leviticus 25:39 "'If any of your fellow Israelites become poor and sell themselves to you, do not make them work as slaves.
2 Kings 4:1 The wife of a man from the company of the prophets cried out to Elisha, "Your servant my husband is dead, and you know that he revered the LORD. But now his creditor is coming to take my two boys as his slaves."
Nehemiah 5:5 Although we are of the same flesh and blood as our fellow Jews and though our children are as good as theirs, yet we have to subject our sons and daughters to slavery. Some of our daughters have already been enslaved, but we are powerless, because our fields and our vineyards belong to others."
Matthew 18:24 As he began the settlement, a man who owed him ten thousand bags of gold was brought to him.
Luke 7:42 Neither of them had the money to pay him back, so he forgave the debts of both. Now which of them will love him more?"