and cover themselves with sackcloth let man and beast, and let them call unto God mightily, and let them turn back each from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.
Jonah 3:8 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Let man and beast be covered - This was done that every object which they beheld might deepen the impression already made, and cause them to mourn after a godly sort. Virgil tells us that the mourning for the death of Julius Caesar was so general, that the cattle neither ate nor drank: -
Non ulli pastos illis egere diebus
Frigida, Daphni, boves ad flumina: nulla neque amnem
Libavit quadrupes, nec graminis attigit herbam.
"The swains forgot their sheep, nor near the brink
Of running waters brought their herds to drink.
The thirsty cattle of themselves abstain'd,
From water, and their grassy fare disdain'd."
And that they sometimes changed: or reversed the harness and ornaments of cattle, as indicative of mourning, we have a proof in Virgil's description of the funeral procession in honor of Pallas, slain by Turnus, Aen. 11 ver. 89.
Post bellator equus, positis insignibus, Aethon
It lacrymans, guttisque humectat grandibus ora.
"Stripp'd of his trappings, and his head declined,
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Jonah 1:6,14 So the shipmaster came to him, and said to him, What mean you, O sleeper? arise, call on your God, if so be that God will think on us...
Psalm 130:1,2 Out of the depths have I cried to you, O LORD...
Isaiah 1:16-19 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before my eyes; cease to do evil...
Isaiah 55:6,7 Seek you the LORD while he may be found, call you on him while he is near...
Isaiah 58:6 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free...
Ezekiel 18:21-24,27,28,30-32 But if the wicked will turn from all his sins that he has committed, and keep all my statutes, and do that which is lawful and right...
Ezekiel 33:11 Say to them, As I live, said the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked...
Daniel 4:27 Why, O king, let my counsel be acceptable to you, and break off your sins by righteousness...
Matthew 3:8 Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance:
Acts 3:19 Repent you therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out...
Acts 26:20 But showed first to them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and then to the Gentiles...
Isaiah 59:6 Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works: their works are works of iniquity...
Jonah 3:8 Parallel CommentariesActs Animal Beast Cover Covered Cry Earnestly Evil Haircloth Hands Mightily Sackcloth Strong Turn Turned Urgently Violence Violent Way WickedActs Animal Beast Cover Covered Cry Earnestly Evil Haircloth Hands Mightily Sackcloth Strong Turn Turned Urgently Violence Violent Way WickedTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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