'Rise, go unto Nineveh, the great city, and proclaim unto it the proclamation that I am speaking unto thee;'
Jonah 3:2 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
And preach unto it the preaching - וקרא את הקריאה vekera eth hakkeriah, "And cry the cry that I bid thee." Be my herald, and faithfully deliver my message. The word κηρυξ in Greek answers to the Hebrew קורא kore: both signifying a crier, a herald, a preacher; one that makes proclamation with a loud and earnest cry. Such was John Baptist, Isaiah 40:3; such was Jesus Christ, John 7:18-37; and such were all his apostles. And such earnestness becomes a ministry that has to do with immortal souls, asleep and dead in sin, hanging on the brink of perdition, and insensible of their state. The soft-speaking, gentle-toned, unmoved preacher, is never likely to awaken souls. As we preach, so the people hear; scarcely receiving any counsels that appear to have no importance by the manner in which they are delivered. But this earnestness is widely different from that noisy, blustering, screaming rant, that manifests more of the turbulence of disorderly passions, than of the real inspired influence of the Spirit of God.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Nineveh. Nineveh, the capital of Assyria, was situated on the eastern bank of the river Tigris, opposite the present Mosul, about
280 miles north of Babylon,
400 N. E. of Damascus, in latitude
20 N. longitude
10' E. It was not only a very ancient, (Ge
10:11,) but also a very great city. Strabo says that it was much larger than Babylon, the circuit of which he estimates at
385 furlongs; and, according to Diodorus Siculus, it was an oblong parallelogram, extending
150 furlongs in length,
90 in breadth, and
480 in circumference, i.e., about
20 miles long,
12 broad, and
60 in compass. This agrees with the account given here of its being an exceeding great city of three days' journey, i.e., in circuit; for
20 miles a day was the common computation for a pedestrian. It was surrounded by large walls
100 feet high, so broad that three chariots could drive abreast on them, and defended by
200 feet in height. See notes on Nahum.
Jonah 1:2 Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.
Zephaniah 2:13-15 And he will stretch out his hand against the north, and destroy Assyria; and will make Nineveh a desolation, and dry like a wilderness...
Jeremiah 1:17 You therefore gird up your loins, and arise, and speak to them all that I command you: be not dismayed at their faces...
Jeremiah 15:19-21 Therefore thus said the LORD, If you return, then will I bring you again, and you shall stand before me...
Ezekiel 2:7 And you shall speak my words to them, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear: for they are most rebellious.
Ezekiel 3:17 Son of man, I have made you a watchman to the house of Israel: therefore hear the word at my mouth, and give them warning from me.
Matthew 3:8 Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance:
John 5:14 Afterward Jesus finds him in the temple, and said to him, Behold, you are made whole: sin no more, lest a worse thing come to you.
Jonah 3:2 Parallel CommentariesArise Bid City Great Message Nineveh Nin'eveh Preach Preaching Proclaim Proclamation Rise Speaking WordArise Bid City Great Message Nineveh Nin'eveh Preach Preaching Proclaim Proclamation Rise Speaking WordTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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