and he saith, 'Naked came I forth from the womb of my mother, and naked I turn back thither: Jehovah hath given and Jehovah hath taken: let the name of Jehovah be blessed.'
Job 1:21 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Naked came I out of my mother's womb - I had no earthly possessions when I came into the world; I cannot have less going out of it. What I have the Lord gave: as it was his free gift, he has a right to resume it when he pleases; and I owe him gratitude for the time he has permitted me to enjoy this gift.
Naked shall I return thither - Whither? Not to his mother's womb surely; nor does he call the earth his mother in this place. In the first clause of the verse he speaks without a metaphor, and in the latter he speaks in reference to the ground on which he was about to fall. As I came out of my mother's womb destitute of the earthly possessions, so shall I return שמה shammah, There; i.e., to the earth on which he was now falling. That mother earth was a common expression in different nations, I allow; but I believe no such metaphor was now in the mind of Job.
The Lord gave - The Chaldee has, "The Word of the Lord, מימרא דיי meymera dayai, gave; and the Word of the Lord and the house of his judgment, have taken away!" Word is used here personally, as in many other places of all the Targums.
Blessed be the name of the Lord - The following is a fine paraphrase on the sentiment in this verse: -
"Good when he gives, supremely good;Nor less when he denies;
Afflictions from his sovereign hand,Are blessings in disguise."
Seeing I have lost my temporal goods, and all my domestic comforts, may God alone be all my portion! The Vulgate, Septuagint, and Coverdale, add, The Lord hath done as he pleased.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, till you return to the ground; for out of it were you taken: for dust you are...
Psalm 49:17 For when he dies he shall carry nothing away: his glory shall not descend after him.
Ecclesiastes 5:15 As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shall he return to go as he came, and shall take nothing of his labor...
Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return to God who gave it.
1 Timothy 6:7 For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out.
the Lord gave.
Job 2:10 But he said to her, You speak as one of the foolish women speaks. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God...
Genesis 30:2 And Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel: and he said, Am I in God's stead, who has withheld from you the fruit of the womb?
Ecclesiastes 5:19 Every man also to whom God has given riches and wealth, and has given him power to eat thereof, and to take his portion...
Lamentations 3:38 Out of the mouth of the most High proceeds not evil and good?
James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom is no ficklenss...
Genesis 45:5 Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that you sold me here: for God did send me before you to preserve life.
2 Samuel 16:12 It may be that the LORD will look on my affliction, and that the LORD will requite me good for his cursing this day.
1 Kings 12:15 Why the king listened not to the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying...
Psalm 39:9 I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because you did it.
Isaiah 42:24 Who gave Jacob for a spoil, and Israel to the robbers? did not the LORD, he against whom we have sinned?...
Isaiah 45:7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.
Amos 3:6 Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and the people not be afraid? shall there be evil in a city, and the LORD has not done it?
Matthew 20:15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with my own? Is your eye evil, because I am good?
Acts 4:28 For to do whatever your hand and your counsel determined before to be done.
Job 1:11 But put forth your hand now, and touch all that he has, and he will curse you to your face.
1 Samuel 3:18 And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him. And he said, It is the LORD: let him do what seems him good.
2 Kings 20:19 Then said Hezekiah to Isaiah, Good is the word of the LORD which you have spoken. And he said, Is it not good...
Psalm 34:1 I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth.
Psalm 89:38-52 But you have cast off and abhorred, you have been wroth with your anointed...
Isaiah 24:15 Why glorify you the LORD in the fires, even the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea.
Ephesians 5:20 Giving thanks always for all things to God and the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ;
1 Thessalonians 5:18 In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.
Job 1:21 Parallel CommentariesBlessed Body Depart Forth Lord's Mother Mother's Naked Praised Thither Turn WombBlessed Body Depart Forth Lord's Mother Mother's Naked Praised Thither Turn WombTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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