Yea, he cometh up as a tender plant before Him, And as a root out of a dry land, He hath no form, nor honour, when we observe him, Nor appearance, when we desire him.
Isaiah 53:2 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
For he shall grow up - Supposes something to have preceded; as it might be asked, what or who shall 'grow up before him,' etc. As the translation now stands, no correct answer can be given to this question. The translation then is wrong, the connection broken, and the sense obscured. זרוע zeroa, translated the arm, from the root zara.
1. To sow, or plant; also seed, etc.
2. The limb which reaches from the shoulder to the hand, called the arm; or more properly beginning at the shoulder and ending at the elbow.
The translator has given the wrong sense of the word. It would be very improper to say, the arm of the Lord should grow up before him; but by taking the word in its former sense, the connection and metaphor would be restored, and the true sense given to the text. זרע zera signifies, not only the seed of herbs, but children, offspring, or posterity. The same word we find Genesis 3:15, where Christ is the Seed promised. See also Genesis 22:17, Genesis 22:18; Genesis 26:4; Genesis 28:14. Hence the Seed of the woman, the Seed promised to the patriarchs is, according to Isaiah, the Seed of the Lord, the Child born, and the Son given; and according to St. John, 'the Son of God, the only-begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.' זרע then, in this place, should be understood to mean Jesus Christ, and him alone. To speak here of the manifestation of the arm or power of God would be irregular; but to suppose the text to speak of the manifestation of Jesus Christ would be very proper, as the whole of the chapter is written concerning him, particularly his humiliation and sufferings, and the reception he should meet with from the Jewish nation.
"The first verse of this chapter is quoted John 12:38, and the former part of the same verse Romans 10:16. But no objection of importance can be brought forward from either of these quotations against the above explanation, as they are quoted to show the unbelief of the Jews in not receiving Christ as the promised Messiah."
He hath no form nor comeliness "He hath no form nor any beauty" -
Ουκ ειδος αυτῳ, ουδε αξιωμα, ἱνα ειδωμεν αυτον· ουδε θεωρια, ἱνα επιθυμωμεν αυτον.
"He hath no form, nor any beauty, that we should regard him; nor is his countenance such that we should desire him."
Symmachus; the only one of the ancients that has translated it rightly.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
he shall grow
Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
Jeremiah 23:5 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper...
Ezekiel 17:22-24 Thus said the Lord GOD; I will also take of the highest branch of the high cedar, and will set it...
Zechariah 6:12 And speak to him, saying, Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH...
Mark 6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon?...
Luke 2:7,39,40,51,52 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger...
Luke 9:58 And Jesus said to him, Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man has not where to lay his head.
Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh...
Philippians 2:6,7 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God...
he hath no
Isaiah 52:14 As many were astonished at you; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:
Mark 9:12 And he answered and told them, Elias truly comes first, and restores all things; and how it is written of the Son of man...
John 1:10-14 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not...
John 9:28,29 Then they reviled him, and said, You are his disciple; but we are Moses' disciples...
John 18:40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.
John 19:5,14,15 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, Behold the man!...
1 Peter 2:14 Or to governors, as to them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well.
Isaiah 53:2 Parallel CommentariesAppearance Attract Beauty Delight Desire Dry Form Forth Grace Grew Ground Grow Growth Majesty Parched Plant Pleasure Right Root Shoot Shot Stately TenderAppearance Attract Beauty Delight Desire Dry Form Forth Grace Grew Ground Grow Growth Majesty Parched Plant Pleasure Right Root Shoot Shot Stately TenderTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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