|New International Version (© 2011)|
Caraway is not threshed with a sledge, nor is the wheel of a cart rolled over cumin; caraway is beaten out with a rod, and cumin with a stick.
King James Bible
For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.
American Standard Version
For the fitches are not threshed with a sharp threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.
Young's Literal Translation
For not with a sharp-pointed thing threshed are fitches, And the wheel of a cart on cummin turned round, For with a staff beaten out are fitches, And cummin with a rod.
Isaiah 28:27 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Four methods of threshing are here mentioned, by different instruments; the flail, the drag, the wain, and the treading of the cattle. The staff or flail was used for the infirmiora semina, says Jerome, the grain that was too tender to be treated in the other methods. The drag consisted of a sort of strong planks, made rough at the bottom, with hard stones or iron; it was drawn by horses or oxen over the corn sheaves spread on the floor, the driver sitting upon it. Kempfer has given a print representing the manner of using this instrument, Amaen. Exot. p. 682, fig. 3. The wain was much like the former; but had wheels with iron teeth, or edges like a saw: Ferrata carpenta rotis per medium in serrarum modum se volventibus. Hieron. in loc. From this it would seem that the axle was armed with iron teeth or serrated wheels throughout. See a description and print of such a machine used at present in Egypt for the same purpose in Niebuhr's Voyage en Arabie, Tab. 17 p. 123; it moves upon three rollers armed with iron teeth or wheels to cut the straw. In Syria they make use of the drag, constructed in the very same manner as above described; Niebuhr, Description de l'Arabie, p. 140. This not only forced out the grain, but cut the straw in pieces for fodder for the cattle; for in the eastern countries they have no hay. See Harmer's Observ. 1 p. The last method is well known from the law of Moses, which "forbids the ox to be muzzled, when he treadeth out the corn;" Deuteronomy 25:4.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 41:15 Behold, I will make you a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: you shall thresh the mountains, and beat them small...
2 Kings 13:7 Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen...
Amos 1:3 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof...
Isaiah 27:7,8 Has he smitten him, as he smote those that smote him? or is he slain according to the slaughter of them that are slain by him...
Jeremiah 10:24 O LORD, correct me, but with judgment; not in your anger, lest you bring me to nothing.
Jeremiah 46:28 Fear you not, O Jacob my servant, said the LORD: for I am with you...
Isaiah 28:27 Parallel CommentariesBeaten Black Cart Club Cumin Cummin Dill Driven Fitches Grain Hammered Instrument Rod Rolled Sharp Sledge Staff Stick Threshed Threshing Threshing-Sledge Turned Vetches WheelBeaten Black Cart Club Cumin Cummin Dill Driven Fitches Grain Hammered Instrument Rod Rolled Sharp Sledge Staff Stick Threshed Threshing Threshing-Sledge Turned Vetches WheelTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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Matthew 23:23 "Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your spices--mint, dill and cumin. But you have neglected the more important matters of the law--justice, mercy and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter, without neglecting the former.
Proverbs 20:26 A wise king winnows out the wicked; he drives the threshing wheel over them.
Isaiah 28:26 His God instructs him and teaches him the right way.
Isaiah 28:28 Grain must be ground to make bread; so one does not go on threshing it forever. The wheels of a threshing cart may be rolled over it, but one does not use horses to grind grain.
Amos 1:3 This is what the LORD says: "For three sins of Damascus, even for four, I will not relent. Because she threshed Gilead with sledges having iron teeth,