Genesis 4:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instruments and pipes.

King James Bible
And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.

Darby Bible Translation
And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of those who handle the harp and pipe.

World English Bible
His brother's name was Jubal, who was the father of all who handle the harp and pipe.

Young's Literal Translation
and the name of his brother is Jubal, he hath been father of every one handling harp and organ.

Genesis 4:21 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Jubal - the father - i.e. The inventor of musical instruments, such as the כנור kinnor, which we translate harp, and the עוגב ugab, which we render organ; it is very likely that both words are generic, the former including under it all stringed instruments, and the latter, all wind instruments.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M. cir.

500. B.C. cir.

3504. father.

Romans 4:11,12 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised...

the harp.

Genesis 31:27 Why did you flee away secretly, and steal away from me; and did not tell me, that I might have sent you away with mirth, and with songs...

Job 21:12 They take the tambourine and harp, and rejoice at the sound of the organ.

Isaiah 5:12 And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD...

Amos 6:5 That chant to the sound of the viol, and invent to themselves instruments of music, like David;

Library
What Crouches at the Door
'If thou doest not well, sin croucheth at the door: and unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.'--GENESIS iv. 7 (R. V.). These early narratives clothe great moral and spiritual truths in picturesque forms, through which it is difficult for us to pierce. In the world's childhood God spoke to men as to children, because there were no words then framed which would express what we call abstract conceptions. They had to be shown by pictures. But these early men, simple and childlike
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cain and Abel. Gen 4:3-8
CAIN and ABEL. Gen 4:3-8 When Adam fell he quickly lost God's image, which he once possessed: See All our nature since could boast In Cain, his first-born Son, expressed! The sacrifice the Lord ordained In type of the Redeemer's blood, Self-righteous reas'ning Cain disdained, And thought his own first-fruits as good. Yet rage and envy filled his mind, When, with a fallen, downcast look, He saw his brother favor find, Who GOD's appointed method took. By Cain's own hand, good Abel died, Because
John Newton—Olney Hymns

Extracts No. vii.
[In this number the objector gives the whole ground of his objections, and the reasons for his doubts: which he states as follows, viz. "1. Mankind, in all ages of the world, have been, and still are prone to superstition. "2. It cannot be denied, but that a part of mankind at least, have believed, and still are believing in miracles and revelation, which are spurious. "3. The facts on which religion is predicated are unlike every thing of which we have any positive knowledge." Under the first
Hosea Ballou—A Series of Letters In Defence of Divine Revelation

The Faith of Abraham.
"By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed to go out unto a place which he was to receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing whither he went. By faith he became a sojourner in the land of promise, as in a land not his own, dwelling in tents, with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: for he looked for the city which hath the foundations, whose Builder and Maker is God. By faith even Sarah herself received power to conceive seed when she was past age, since she
Thomas Charles Edwards—The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews

Cross References
Genesis 4:20
Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock.

Genesis 4:22
Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, who forged all kinds of tools out of bronze and iron. Tubal-Cain's sister was Naamah.

Genesis 31:27
Why did you run off secretly and deceive me? Why didn't you tell me, so I could send you away with joy and singing to the music of timbrels and harps?

Psalm 150:4
praise him with timbrel and dancing, praise him with the strings and pipe,

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