And Melchizedek king of Salem hath brought out bread and wine, and he is priest of God Most High;
Genesis 14:18 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
And Melchizedek, king of Salem - A thousand idle stories have been told about this man, and a thousand idle conjectures spent on the subject of his short history given here and in Hebrews 7.At present it is only necessary to state that he appears to have been as real a personage as Bera, Birsha, or Shinab, though we have no more of his genealogy than we have of theirs.
Brought forth bread and wine - Certainly to refresh Abram and his men, exhausted with the late battle and fatigues of the journey; not in the way of sacrifice, etc.; this is an idle conjecture.
He was the priest of the most high God - He had preserved in his family and among his subjects the worship of the true God, and the primitive patriarchal institutions; by these the father of every family was both king and priest, so Melchizedek, being a worshipper of the true God, was priest among the people, as well as king over them.
Melchizedek is called here king of Salem, and the most judicious interpreters allow that by Salem, Jerusalem is meant. That it bore this name anciently is evident from Psalm 76:1, Psalm 76:2 : "In Judah is God known; his name is great in Israel. In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion." From the use made of this part of the sacred history by David, Psalm 110:4, and by St. Paul, Hebrews 7:1-10, we learn that there was something very mysterious, and at the same time typical, in the person, name, office, residence, and government of this Canaanitish prince. 1. In his person he was a representative and type of Christ; see the scriptures above referred to. 2. His name, מלכי צדק malki tsedek, signifies my righteous king, or king of righteousness. This name he probably had from the pure and righteous administration of his government; and this is one of the characters of our blessed Lord, a character which can be applied to him only, as he alone is essentially righteous, and the only Potentate; but a holy man, such as Melchizedek, might bear this name as his type or representative. 3. Office; he was a priest of the most high God. The word כהן cohen, which signifies both prince and priest, because the patriarchs sustained this double office, has both its root and proper signification in the Arabic; kahana signifies to approach, draw near, have intimate access to; and from hence to officiate as priest before God, and thus have intimate access to the Divine presence: and by means of the sacrifices which he offered he received counsel and information relative to what was yet to take place, and hence another acceptation of the word, to foretell, predict future events, unfold hidden things or mysteries; so the lips of the priests preserved knowledge, and they were often the interpreters of the will of God to the people. Thus we find that Melchizedek, being a priest of the most high God, represented Christ in his sacerdotal character, the word priest being understood as before explained. 4. His residence; he was king of Salem. שלם shalam signifies to make whole, complete, or perfect; and hence it means peace, which implies the making whole the breaches made in the political and domestic union of kingdoms, states, families, etc., making an end of discord, and establishing friendship. Christ is called the Prince of peace, because, by his incarnation, sacrifice, and mediation, he procures and establishes peace between God and man; heals the breaches and dissensions between heaven and earth, reconciling both; and produces glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace and good will among men. His residence is peace and quietness and assurance for ever, in every believing upright heart. He governs as the Prince and Priest of the most high God, ruling in righteousness, mighty to save; and he ever lives to make intercession for, and save to the uttermost all who come unto the Father by him. See the notes on Hebrews 7 (note).
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalm 76:2 In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion.
Hebrews 7:1,2 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings...
Matthew 26:26-29 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take...
Galatians 6:10 As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good to all men, especially to them who are of the household of faith.
Psalm 110:4 The LORD has sworn, and will not repent, You are a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
Hebrews 5:6,10 As he said also in another place, You are a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec...
Hebrews 6:20 Where the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
Hebrews 7:1,3,10-22 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings...
Ruth 3:10 And he said, Blessed be you of the LORD, my daughter: for you have showed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning...
2 Samuel 2:5 And David sent messengers to the men of Jabeshgilead, and said to them, Blessed be you of the LORD...
Psalm 7:17 I will praise the LORD according to his righteousness: and will sing praise to the name of the LORD most high.
Psalm 50:14 Offer to God thanksgiving; and pay your vows to the most High:
Psalm 57:2 I will cry to God most high; to God that performes all things for me.
Micah 6:6 With which shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings...
Acts 7:48 However, the most High dwells not in temples made with hands; as said the prophet,
Acts 16:17 The same followed Paul and us, and cried, saying, These men are the servants of the most high God...
Genesis 14:18 Parallel CommentariesBread Forth High Melchisedec Melchisedek Melchizedek Priest Salem WineBread Forth High Melchisedec Melchisedek Melchizedek Priest Salem WineTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
Genesis 14:18 Mobile Bible
Genesis 14:18 Bible Suite
Genesis 14:18 Biblia Paralela
Genesis 14:18 Chinese Bible