And thou dost know, and dost consider wisely, from the going forth of the word to restore and to build Jerusalem till Messiah the Leader is seven weeks, and sixty and two weeks: the broad place hath been built again, and the rampart, even in the distress of the times.
Daniel 9:25 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
From the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem - The foregoing events being all accomplished by Jesus Christ, they of course determine the prophecy to him. And if we reckon back four hundred and ninety years, we shall find the time of the going forth of this command.
Most learned men agree that the death of Christ happened at the passover in the month Nisan, in the four thousand seven hundred and forty-sixth year of the Julian period. Four hundred and ninety years, reckoned back from the above year, leads us directly to the month Nisan in the four thousand two hundred and fifty-sixth year of the same period; the very month and year in which Ezra had his commission from Artaxerxes Longimanus, king of Persia, (see Ezra 7:9), to restore and rebuild Jerusalem. See the commission in Ezra 7:11-26 (note), and Prideaux's Connexions, vol. 2 p.
The above seventy weeks, or four hundred and ninety years, are divided, in Ezra 7:25, into three distinct periods, to each of which particular events are assigned. The three periods are: -
I. Seven weeks, that is, forty-nine years.
II.-Sixty-two weeks, that is, four hundred and thirty-four years.
III. One week, that is, seven years.
To the first period of seven weeks the restoration and repairing of Jerusalem are referred; and so long were Ezra and Nehemiah employed in restoring the sacred constitutions and civil establishments of the Jews, for this work lasted forty-nine years after the commission was given by Artaxerxes.
From the above seven weeks the second period of sixty-two weeks, or four hundred and thirty-four years more, commences, at the end of which the prophecy says, Messiah the Prince should come, that is, seven weeks, or forty-nine years, should be allowed for the restoration of the Jewish state; from which time till the public entrance of the Messiah on the work of the ministry should be sixty-two weeks, or four hundred and thirty-four years, in all four hundred and eighty-three years.
From the coming of our Lord, the third period is to be dated, viz., "He shall confirm the covenant with many for one week," that is seven years, Daniel 9:27.
This confirmation of the covenant must take in the ministry of John the Baptist with that of our Lord, comprehending the term of seven years, during the whole of which he might be well said to confirm or ratify the new covenant with mankind. Our Lord says, "The law was until John;" but from his first public preaching the kingdom of God, or Gospel dispensation, commenced.
These seven years, added to the four hundred and eighty-three, complete the four hundred and ninety years, or seventy prophetic weeks; so that the whole of this prophecy, from the times and corresponding events, has been fulfilled to the very letter.
Some imagine that the half of the last seven years is to be referred to the total destruction of the Jews by Titus, when the daily sacrifice for ever ceased to be offered; and that the intermediate space of thirty-seven years, from our Lord's death till the destruction of the city, is passed over as being of no account in relation to the prophecy, and that it was on this account that the last seven years are divided. But Dean Prideaux thinks that the whole refers to our Lord's preaching connected with that of the Baptist. וחצי vachatsi, says he, signifies in the half part of the week; that is, in the latter three years and a half in which he exercised himself in the public ministry, he caused, by the sacrifice of himself, all other sacrifices and oblations to cease, which were instituted to signify his.
In the latter parts of Daniel 9:26 and Daniel 9:27 we find the Third Part of this great prophecy, which refers to what should be done after the completion of these seventy weeks.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Daniel 9:23 At the beginning of your supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to show you; for you are greatly beloved...
Matthew 13:23 But he that received seed into the good ground is he that hears the word, and understands it; which also bears fruit, and brings forth...
Matthew 24:15 When you therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoever reads...
Mark 13:14 But when you shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not...
Acts 8:30 And Philip ran thither to him, and heard him read the prophet Esaias, and said, Understand you what you read?
Ezra 4:24 Then ceased the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem. So it ceased to the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.
Ezra 6:1-15 Then Darius the king made a decree, and search was made in the house of the rolls, where the treasures were laid up in Babylon...
Ezra 7:1,8,11-26 Now after these things, in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia, Ezra the son of Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the son of Hilkiah...
Nehemiah 2:1-18 And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, that wine was before him: and I took up the wine...
Nehemiah 3:1 Then Eliashib the high priest rose up with his brothers the priests, and they built the sheep gate; they sanctified it...
restore and to build Jerusalem. or, build again Jerusalem.
2 Samuel 15:25 And the king said to Zadok, Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I shall find favor in the eyes of the LORD...
Psalm 71:10 For my enemies speak against me; and they that lay wait for my soul take counsel together,
John 1:41 He first finds his own brother Simon, and said to him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.
John 4:25 The woman said to him, I know that Messias comes, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things.
Daniel 8:11,25 Yes, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away...
Isaiah 9:6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government shall be on his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful...
Isaiah 55:4 Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.
Micah 5:2 But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you be little among the thousands of Judah...
Acts 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God has raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.
Acts 5:31 Him has God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Savior, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.
Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth...
Revelation 19:16 And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.
seven weeks. The seventy weeks are here divided into three periods.
1. seven weeks, or
49 years, for the restoration of Jerusalem.
2. Sixty-two weeks, or
434 years, from that time to the announcement of the Messiah by John the Baptist.
3. One week, or seven years, for the ministry of Him and of Christ himself to the crucifixion.
be built again. Heb. return and be builded. wall. or, breach, or, ditch. even.
Nehemiah 4:8,16-18 And conspired all of them together to come and to fight against Jerusalem, and to hinder it...
Ephesians 5:16 Redeeming the time, because the days are evil.
troublous times. Heb. strait of times.
Nehemiah 6:15 So the wall was finished in the twenty and fifth day of the month Elul, in fifty and two days.
Daniel 9:25 Parallel CommentariesAnointed Build Built Commandment Discern Forth Jerusalem Messiah Moat Prince Restore Seven Sixty-Two Street Threescore Times Troubled Understand Wall Weeks WordAnointed Build Built Commandment Discern Forth Jerusalem Messiah Moat Prince Restore Seven Sixty-Two Street Threescore Times Troubled Understand Wall Weeks WordTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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