|New International Version (© 2011)|
So the king summoned the magicians, enchanters, sorcerers and astrologers to tell him what he had dreamed. When they came in and stood before the king,
King James Bible
Then the king commanded to call the magicians, and the astrologers, and the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans, for to shew the king his dreams. So they came and stood before the king.
American Standard Version
Then the king commanded to call the magicians, and the enchanters, and the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans, to tell the king his dreams. So they came in and stood before the king.
Young's Literal Translation
and the king saith to call for scribes, and for enchanters, and for sorcerers, and for Chaldeans, to declare to the king his dreams. And they come in and stand before the king;
Daniel 2:2 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
The magicians - חרטמים chartummim. See the note on Genesis 41:8 (note).
The astrologers - אשפים ashshaphim. Perhaps from נשף nashaph, to breathe, because they laid claim to Divine inspiration; but probably the persons in question were the philosophers and astronomers among the Babylonians.
The sorcerers - מכשפים mechashshephim. See the note on Deuteronomy 18:10, and on Exodus 22:18 (note), and Leviticus 19:31 (note), where several of these arts are explained.
The Chaldeans - Who these were is difficult to be ascertained. They might be a college of learned men, where all arts and sciences were professed and taught. The Chaldeans were the most ancient philosophers of the world; they might have been originally inhabitants of the Babylonian Irak; and still have preserved to themselves exclusively the name of Chaldeans, to distinguish themselves from other nations and peoples who inhabited the one hundred and twenty provinces of which the Babylonish government was composed.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
See on ch.
Daniel 1:20 And in all matters of wisdom and understanding, that the king inquired of them...
Daniel 4:6 Therefore made I a decree to bring in all the wise men of Babylon before me...
Daniel 5:7 The king cried aloud to bring in the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. And the king spoke...
Genesis 41:8 And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt...
Exodus 7:11 Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt...
Deuteronomy 18:10-12 There shall not be found among you any one that makes his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that uses divination...
Isaiah 8:19 And when they shall say to you, Seek to them that have familiar spirits, and to wizards that peep, and that mutter...
Isaiah 19:3 And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the middle thereof; and I will destroy the counsel thereof: and they shall seek to the idols...
Isaiah 47:12,13 Stand now with your enchantments, and with the multitude of your sorceries, wherein you have labored from your youth...
Daniel 2:2 Parallel CommentariesArts Astrologers Chaldaeans Chaldeans Chalde'ans Commanded Conjurers Declare Dream Dreams Enchanters Evil Magicians Orders Places Powers Scribes Secret Shew Show Sorcerers Stood Summoned Use Users Wonder-WorkersArts Astrologers Chaldaeans Chaldeans Chalde'ans Commanded Conjurers Declare Dream Dreams Enchanters Evil Magicians Orders Places Powers Scribes Secret Shew Show Sorcerers Stood Summoned Use Users Wonder-WorkersTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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Genesis 41:8 In the morning his mind was troubled, so he sent for all the magicians and wise men of Egypt. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but no one could interpret them for him.
Exodus 7:11 Pharaoh then summoned wise men and sorcerers, and the Egyptian magicians also did the same things by their secret arts:
Esther 1:13 Since it was customary for the king to consult experts in matters of law and justice, he spoke with the wise men who understood the times
Isaiah 19:3 The Egyptians will lose heart, and I will bring their plans to nothing; they will consult the idols and the spirits of the dead, the mediums and the spiritists.
Isaiah 47:12 "Keep on, then, with your magic spells and with your many sorceries, which you have labored at since childhood. Perhaps you will succeed, perhaps you will cause terror.
Isaiah 47:13 All the counsel you have received has only worn you out! Let your astrologers come forward, those stargazers who make predictions month by month, let them save you from what is coming upon you.
Daniel 1:4 young men without any physical defect, handsome, showing aptitude for every kind of learning, well informed, quick to understand, and qualified to serve in the king's palace. He was to teach them the language and literature of the Babylonians.