And the public clerk having quieted the multitude, saith, 'Men, Ephesians, why, who is the man that doth not know that the city of the Ephesians is a devotee of the great goddess Artemis, and of that which fell down from Zeus?
Acts 19:35 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
When the town-clerk - Ὁγραμματευς, Literally, the scribe. The Syriac has reisha damedinato, the chief or prince of the city. The later Syriac has, the scribe of the city. Some think that the word recorder would do better here than town-clerk; and indeed it is evident that a magistrate of considerable authority and influence is intended - the mayor or sovereign of the city.
Ye men of Ephesus - The speech of this man may be thus analyzed:
1. He states that there was no need of a public declaration that the Ephesians were worshippers of Diana; this every person knew, and nobody attempted to contest it, Acts 19:35, Acts 19:36.
2. That the persons accused were not guilty of any public offense, nor of any breach of the laws of the city, Acts 19:37.
3. That, if they were, this was not a legal method of prosecuting them, Acts 19:38, Acts 19:39.
4. That they themselves, by this tumultuous meeting, had exposed themselves to the censure of the law, and were in danger of being called into question for it, Acts 19:40. See Dodd.
Is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana - The word νεωκορος, neocoros, which we translate worshipper, signified at first, among the ancient Greeks, no more than sweeper of the temple, and answered nearly to our sexton: in process of time, the care of the temple was intrusted to this person: at length the neocori became persons of great consequence, and were those who offered sacrifices for the life of the emperor. Whole cities took this appellation, as appears on many ancient coins and medals; and Ephesus is supposed to have been the first that assumed this title. At this time, it was commonly known as belonging to this city. "What man is there that knoweth not that the city of the Ephesians is the Neocoros of the great goddess Diana?" As if he had said: "The whole city is devoted to her worship: it is reputed an honor to our highest characters even to sweep her temple, and open and shut her doors. Besides, we offer to her the highest sacrifices; and are intrusted with the religious service that pertains to the emperor's safety."
Of the image which fell down from Jupiter? - The original image of the Ephesian Diana (see on Acts 19:27 (note)) was supposed to have descended from heaven; which intimates that it was so old that no person knew either its maker or the time in which it was formed, and it was the interest of the priests to persuade the people that this image had been sent to them as a present from Jupiter himself. Several images and sacred things were supposed, among the heathens, to be presents immediately from heaven. Euripides states the image of Diana of Tauri to be of this kind; and calls it διοπετες αγαλμα, the image fallen from Jupiter. Numa pretended that the ancilia, or sacred shields, had come from heaven. In imitation of these, many of the Italian papists believe that the shrine of our lady of Loretto was also a Divine gift to their country. St. Isidore, of Damietta, says that the heathen, in order to induce the people to believe that such images came from heaven, either banished or slew the artists that had formed them, that there might be no evidence of the time in which, or the persons by whom, they were made: this point secured, it was easy to persuade the credulous multitude that they had been sent from heaven. The story of the Palladium, on which the safety of Troy was said to depend, is well known. It was an image of Minerva, and also supposed to have descended from Jupiter.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ephesians 2:12 That at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise...
a worshipper. Gr. the temple-keeper. and of.
Acts 19:26 Moreover you see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia...
2 Thessalonians 2:10,11 And with all delusion of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth...
1 Timothy 4:2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;
Acts 14:12,13 And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker...
Acts 19:35 Parallel CommentariesAppeased Artemis Ar'temis City Crowd Diana Ephesians Ephesus Fell Goddess Great Heaven Image Jupiter Keeper Mankind Multitude Needs Quieted Quieting Sacred Sky Stone Temple Worshipper ZeusAppeased Artemis Ar'temis City Crowd Diana Ephesians Ephesus Fell Goddess Great Heaven Image Jupiter Keeper Mankind Multitude Needs Quieted Quieting Sacred Sky Stone Temple Worshipper ZeusTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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