and he killed James, the brother of John, with the sword,
Acts 12:2 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
He killed James the brother of John with the sword - This was James the greater, son of Zebedee, and must be distinguished from James the less, son of Alpheus. This latter was put to death by Ananias the high priest, during the reign of Nero. This James with his brother John were those who requested to sit on the right and left hand of our Lord, see Matthew 20:23; and our Lord's prediction was now fulfilled in one of them, who by his martyrdom drank of our Lord's cup, and was baptized with his baptism. By the death of James, the number of the apostles was reduced to eleven; and we do not find that ever it was filled up. The apostles never had any successors: God has continued their doctrine, but not their order.
By killing with the sword we are to understand beheading. Among the Jews there were four kinds of deaths:
3. killing with the sword, or beheading; and,
The third was a Roman as well as a Jewish mode of punishment. Killing with the sword was the punishment which, according to the Talmud, was inflicted on those who drew away the people to any strange worship, Sanhedr. fol. iii. James was probably accused of this, and hence the punishment mentioned in the text.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Matthew 4:21,22 And going on from there, he saw other two brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father...
Matthew 20:23 And he said to them, You shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with...
Mark 10:35,38 And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, come to him, saying, Master, we would that you should do for us whatever we shall desire...
1 Kings 19:1,10 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, and with how he had slain all the prophets with the sword...
Jeremiah 26:23 And they fetched forth Urijah out of Egypt, and brought him to Jehoiakim the king; who slew him with the sword...
Hebrews 11:37 They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins...
Acts 12:2 Parallel CommentariesBeheaded Death James John John's Killed Slew SwordBeheaded Death James John John's Killed Slew SwordTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
Acts 12:2 Mobile Bible
Acts 12:2 Bible Suite
Acts 12:2 Biblia Paralela
Acts 12:2 Chinese Bible