and saith, 'Open the window eastward;' and he openeth, and Elisha saith, 'Shoot,' and he shooteth; and he saith, 'An arrow of salvation to Jehovah, and an arrow of salvation against Aram, and thou hast smitten Aram, in Aphek, till consuming.'
2 Kings 13:17 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Open the window eastward - This was towards the country beyond Jordan, which Hazael had taken from the Israelites.
The arrow of - deliverance from Syria - That is, As surely as that arrow is shot towards the lands conquered from Israel by the Syrians, so surely shall those lands be reconquered and restored to Israel.
It was an ancient custom to shoot an arrow or cast a spear into the country which an army intended to invade. Justin says that, as soon as Alexander the Great had arrived on the coasts of Iona, he threw a dart into the country of the Persians. "Cum delati in continentem essent, primus Alexander jaculum velut in hostilem terram jacit." - Just. lib. ii.
The dart, spear, or arrow thrown, was an emblem of the commencement of hostilities. Virgil (Aen. lib. ix., ver. 51) represents Turnus as giving the signal of attack by throwing a spear: -
Ecquis erit mecum, O Juvenes, qui primus in hostem?
En, ait: et jaculum intorquens emittit in auras,
Principium pugnae; et campo sese arduus infert.
"Who, first," he cried, "with me the foe will dare?"
Then hurled a dart, the signal of the war.
Servius, in his note upon this place, shows that it was a custom to proclaim war in this stay: the pater patratus, or chief of the Feciales, a sort of heralds, went to the confines of the enemy's country, and, after some solemnities, said with a loud voice, I wage war with you, for such and such reasons; and then threw in a spear. It was then the business of the parties thus defied or warned to take the subject into consideration; and if they did not, within thirty days, come to some accommodation, the war was begun.
Thou shalt smite the Syrians in Aphek - This was a city of Syria, and probably the place of the first battle; and there, it appears, they had a total overthrow. They were, in the language of the text, consumed or exterminated.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Kings 5:10-14 And Elisha sent a messenger to him, saying, Go and wash in Jordan seven times, and your flesh shall come again to you...
John 2:5-8 His mother said to the servants, Whatever he said to you, do it...
John 11:39-41 Jesus said, Take you away the stone. Martha, the sister of him that was dead, said to him, Lord, by this time he stinks...
The arrow This was a symbolical action, indicative of the deliverance of Israel from Syria. It was an ancient custom to shoot an arrow or cast a spear into a country before the commencement of hostilities.
Exodus 4:2,17 And the LORD said to him, What is that in your hand? And he said, A rod...
Judges 7:9-20 And it came to pass the same night, that the LORD said to him, Arise, get you down to the host; for I have delivered it into your hand...
2 Samuel 5:24 And let it be, when you hear the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then you shall bestir yourself...
1 Corinthians 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but to us which are saved it is the power of God.
1 Samuel 4:1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer...
1 Kings 20:26 And it came to pass at the return of the year, that Benhadad numbered the Syrians, and went up to Aphek, to fight against Israel.
2 Kings 13:17 Parallel CommentariesAphek Aram Arameans Arrow Consumed Deliverance East Eastward Elisha LORD's Open Opened Shoot Shot Smite Strike Syria Syrians Victory WindowAphek Aram Arameans Arrow Consumed Deliverance East Eastward Elisha LORD's Open Opened Shoot Shot Smite Strike Syria Syrians Victory WindowTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
2 Kings 13:17 Mobile Bible
2 Kings 13:17 Bible Suite
2 Kings 13:17 Biblia Paralela
2 Kings 13:17 Chinese Bible