1 Kings 12:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Jeroboam built shrines on high places and appointed priests from all sorts of people, even though they were not Levites.

King James Bible
And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.

Darby Bible Translation
And he made a house of high places, and made priests from all classes of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.

World English Bible
He made houses of high places, and made priests from among all the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.

Young's Literal Translation
And he maketh the house of high places, and maketh priests of the extremities of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi;

1 Kings 12:31 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

A house of high places - A temple of temples; he had many high places in the land, and to imitate the temple at Jerusalem, he made one chief over all the rest, where he established a priesthood of his own ordination. Probably a place of separate appointment, where different idols were set up and worshipped; so it was a sort of pantheon.

Made priests of the lowest of the people - He took the people indifferently as they came, and made them priests, till he had enough, without troubling himself whether they were of the family of Aaron or the house of Levi, or not. Any priests would do well enough for such gods. But those whom he took seem to have been worthless, good-for-nothing fellows, who had neither piety nor good sense. Probably the sons of Levi had grace enough to refuse to sanction this new priesthood and idolatrous worship.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

an house

1 Kings 13:24,32 And when he was gone, a lion met him by the way, and slew him: and his carcass was cast in the way, and the donkey stood by it...

Deuteronomy 24:15 At his day you shall give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down on it; for he is poor, and sets his heart on it...

Ezekiel 16:25 You have built your high place at every head of the way, and have made your beauty to be abhorred...

Hosea 12:11 Is there iniquity in Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yes...

priests

1 Kings 13:33 After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again of the lowest of the people priests of the high places...

Numbers 3:10 And you shall appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall wait on their priest's office...

2 Kings 17:32 So they feared the LORD, and made to themselves of the lowest of them priests of the high places...

2 Chronicles 11:14,15 For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem...

2 Chronicles 13:9 Have you not cast out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites...

Ezekiel 44:6-8 And you shall say to the rebellious, even to the house of Israel, Thus said the Lord GOD; O you house of Israel...

Library
How to Split a Kingdom
And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king. 2. And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was yet in Egypt, heard of it (for he was fled from the presence of king Solomon, and Jeroboam dwelt in Egypt); 3. That they sent and called him. And Jeroboam and all the congregation of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying, 4. Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Jeroboam
Placed on the throne by the ten tribes of Israel who had rebelled against the house of David, Jeroboam, the former servant of Solomon, was in a position to bring about wise reforms in both civil and religious affairs. Under the rulership of Solomon he had shown aptitude and sound judgment; and the knowledge he had gained during years of faithful service fitted him to rule with discretion. But Jeroboam failed to make God his trust. Jeroboam's greatest fear was that at some future time the hearts of
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Of Civil Government.
OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT. This chapter consists of two principal heads,--I. General discourse on the necessity, dignity, and use of Civil Government, in opposition to the frantic proceedings of the Anabaptists, sec. 1-3. II. A special exposition of the three leading parts of which Civil Government consists, sec. 4-32. The first part treats of the function of Magistrates, whose authority and calling is proved, sec. 4-7. Next, the three Forms of civil government are added, sec. 8. Thirdly, Consideration
John Calvin—The Institutes of the Christian Religion

Travelling in Palestine --Roads, Inns, Hospitality, Custom-House Officers, Taxation, Publicans
It was the very busiest road in Palestine, on which the publican Levi Matthew sat at the receipt of "custom," when our Lord called him to the fellowship of the Gospel, and he then made that great feast to which he invited his fellow-publicans, that they also might see and hear Him in Whom he had found life and peace (Luke 5:29). For, it was the only truly international road of all those which passed through Palestine; indeed, it formed one of the great highways of the world's commerce. At the time
Alfred Edersheim—Sketches of Jewish Social Life

Cross References
1 Kings 13:32
For the message he declared by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel and against all the shrines on the high places in the towns of Samaria will certainly come true."

1 Kings 13:33
Even after this, Jeroboam did not change his evil ways, but once more appointed priests for the high places from all sorts of people. Anyone who wanted to become a priest he consecrated for the high places.

2 Kings 17:29
Nevertheless, each national group made its own gods in the several towns where they settled, and set them up in the shrines the people of Samaria had made at the high places.

2 Kings 17:32
They worshiped the LORD, but they also appointed all sorts of their own people to officiate for them as priests in the shrines at the high places.

2 Chronicles 11:15
when he appointed his own priests for the high places and for the goat and calf idols he had made.

2 Chronicles 13:9
But didn't you drive out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and make priests of your own as the peoples of other lands do? Whoever comes to consecrate himself with a young bull and seven rams may become a priest of what are not gods.

Amos 7:10
Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent a message to Jeroboam king of Israel: "Amos is raising a conspiracy against you in the very heart of Israel. The land cannot bear all his words.

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