and he -- he is a propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only, but also for the whole world,
1 John 2:2 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
And he is the propitiation - 'Ἱλασμος· The atoning sacrifice for our sins. This is the proper sense of the word as used in the Septuagint, where it often occurs; and is the translation of אשם asham, an oblation for sin, Amos 8:14. חטאת chattath, a sacrifice for sin, Ezekiel 44:27. כפור kippur, an atonement, Numbers 5:8. See the note on Romans 3:25, and particularly the note on Luke 18:13. The word is used only here and in 1 John 4:10.
And not for ours only - It is not for us apostles that he has died, nor exclusively for the Jewish people, but περι ὁλου του κοσμου, for the whole world, Gentiles as well as Jews, all the descendants of Adam. The apostle does not say that he died for any select part of the inhabitants of the earth, or for some out of every nation, tribe, or kindred; but for All Mankind; and the attempt to limit this is a violent outrage against God and his word.
For the meaning of the word παρακλητος, which we here translate advocate, see the note on John 14:16.
From these verses we learn that a poor backslider need not despair of again finding mercy; this passage holds out sufficient encouragement for his hope. There is scarcely another such in the Bible, and why? That sinners might not presume on the mercy of God. And why this one? That no backslider might utterly despair. Here, then, is a guard against presumption on the one hand, and despondency on the other.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another...
1 John 4:10 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.
Romans 3:25,26 Whom God has set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood...
1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live to righteousness...
1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh...
1 John 4:14 And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son to be the Savior of the world.
1 John 5:19 And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in wickedness.
John 1:29 The next day John sees Jesus coming to him, and said, Behold the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world.
John 4:42 And said to the woman, Now we believe, not because of your saying: for we have heard him ourselves...
John 11:51,52 And this spoke he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation...
2 Corinthians 5:18-21 And all things are of God, who has reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and has given to us the ministry of reconciliation...
Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world...
1 John 2:2 Parallel CommentariesAlone Atoning Expiation Offering Ours Our's Propitiation Sacrifice Sins Whole WorldAlone Atoning Expiation Offering Ours Our's Propitiation Sacrifice Sins Whole WorldTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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